Cara Carleton Sneed
September 6, 1954
Austin, Texas, U.S.
|Spouse(s)||Todd Bartlem (1977–1984)|
Frank Fiorina (m. 1985)
|Parents||Joseph Tyree Sneed III|
|Alma mater||Stanford University (BA)|
University of Maryland, College
Massachusetts Institute of
Cara Carleton "Carly" Fiorina (née Sneed; born September 6, 1954) is an American businesswoman. Fiorina is known primarily for her tenure as Chief Executive Officer (CEO) of Hewlett-Packard (HP) and as Chair of the philanthropic organization Good360. She ran for the Republican Party's nomination of President of the United States in 2016. In March 2016, Fiorina endorsed Ted Cruz for the nomination. On April 27, 2016, Cruz named Fiorina as his running mate. On May 3, 2016, Cruz dropped out of the race. On December 19, 2016, after Trump's victory in the election, the Electoral College convened; Fiorina received one electoral vote for Vice President of the United States.
As Chief Executive Officer of HP from 1999 to 2005, Fiorina was the first woman to lead a Top-20 company as ranked by Fortune Magazine. In 2002, Fiorina oversaw what was then the largest technology sector merger in history, in which HP acquired rival personal computer manufacturer, Compaq. The transaction made HP the world's largest seller of personal computers. HP subsequently laid off 30,000 U.S. employees in order to save 80,000 jobs. The company then grew to 150,000. In February 2005, she was forced to resign as CEO and Chair, following a boardroom disagreement.
Early life[change | change source]
Fiorina was born in Austin, Texas. Her parents were Joseph Tyree Sneed, III and Madelon Montross. She studied at Stanford University, at the University of Maryland, and at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology.
Fiorina was raised Episcopalian.
Career[change | change source]
In 2002, Fiorina undertook the biggest high-tech merger in history with rival computer company Compaq, which made HP the world's largest personal computer manufacturer.
Fiorina performed unpaid service on the Defense Business Board, which looked at staffing issues, among others, at The Pentagon.
Fiorina spent two years leading the Central Intelligence Agency's External Advisory Board, from 2007 to 2009, and became chair of that board, when the board was first created in 2007 by then-CIA director Michael Hayden during the George W. Bush administration.
After resigning as CEO of HP, Fiorina served on the boards of several organizations and as an advisor to Republican John McCain's 2008 presidential campaign. She won a three-way race for the Republican nomination for the United States Senate from California in 2010 but lost the general election to incumbent Democratic Senator Barbara Boxer.
U.S. Senate candidacy for California, 2010[change | change source]
On November 4, 2009, Fiorina formally announced her candidacy in the 2010 Senate election in a bid to unseat incumbent Democrat Barbara Boxer.
On June 8, 2010, Fiorina won the Republican primary election for the Senate with over 50 percent of the vote, beating Tom Campbell and State Assemblyman Chuck DeVore.
On November 4, 2010, Boxer won the general election with 52.2% to Fiorina's 42.2%, a comfortable margin due to heavy turnout among Democrats especially in LA.
2016 presidential campaign[change | change source]
In May 2015, Fiorina announced she was running for President. She withdrew on February 10, 2016.
Personal life[change | change source]
Fiorina was married to Todd Bartlem from 1977 until they divorced in 1984. Then, she married Frank Fiorina in 1985.
Fiorina is a Christian who believes that everyone is "equal in the eyes of God."
References[change | change source]
- ↑ Tau, Byron (2016-12-20). "Donald Trump Wins Enough Electoral Votes to Become President". Wall Street Journal. ISSN 0099-9660. Retrieved 2017-05-17.
- ↑ Patricia Sellers. "The 50 Most Powerful Women in American business". Fortune. Retrieved 2017-06-27.
- ↑ "Carly Fiorina: Secretary to CEO". Carly Fiorina: Secretary to CEO. Retrieved 2017-06-27.
- ↑ "Citizen Carly | The remarkable story of Carly Fiorina". www.citizencarly.com. Retrieved 2017-06-27.
- ↑ David Goldman (2015-09-21). "Behind Carly Fiorina's 30,000 HP layoffs". CNNMoney. Retrieved 2017-08-18.
- ↑ CARLY for America (2015-10-28), Tom Perkins on the HP Board, retrieved 2017-06-27
- ↑ Service, Religion News (2015-05-04). "5 Faith Facts About Presidential Candidate Carly Fiorina: 'What You Make Of Yourself Is Your Gift To God'". Huffington Post. Retrieved 2017-05-17.
- ↑ Bagley, Constance. Managers and the Legal Environment: Strategies for the 21st Century, p. 599 (Cengage Learning 2015).
- ↑ Wright, Rob (September 8, 2011). "The HP-Compaq Merger: Partners Reflect 10 Years Later". CRN. Retrieved May 9, 2015.
- ↑ 10.0 10.1 Williamson, Elizabeth (2015-05-05). "Fiorina's Time at H-P Gets a Close Look". Wall Street Journal. ISSN 0099-9660. Retrieved 2017-05-17.
- ↑ "The CEO and the CIA". National Review. Retrieved 2017-05-17.
- ↑ Jackie Kucinich (2017-01-30). "Carly Fiorina Is Getting a CPAC Upgrade". The Daily Beast. Retrieved 2017-05-17.
- ↑ McKinley, Jesse (November 3, 2010). "In California, Boxer Wins Senate Race, and Brown Is Leading for Governor". The New York Times. Retrieved November 3, 2010.
- ↑ "Carly Fiorina Announces Calif. Senate Run". Retrieved 2017-05-17.
- ↑ "Fiorina Wins GOP Senate Primary in California". Retrieved 2017-05-17.
- ↑ "California - Election Results 2010 - The New York Times". www.nytimes.com. Retrieved 2017-05-17.
- ↑ Reston, Maeve (2010-11-04). "Barbara Boxer overcame several hurdles to defeat Carly Fiorina in Senate race". Los Angeles Times. ISSN 0458-3035. Retrieved 2017-05-17.
- ↑ "California Election Results: How Barbara Boxer Bucked a National Trend by Beating Carly Fiorina". Retrieved 2017-05-17.
- ↑ "Carly Fiorina is Running for President". Politico. Retrieved May 5, 2015.[permanent dead link]
- ↑ "Carl Fiorina Ends Presidential Bid". CNN.com. 10 February 2016. Retrieved February 13, 2016.
- ↑ "Interview: Potential GOP Presidential Candidate Carly Fiorina Talks Abortion, Common Core, Gay Marriage and Her Christian Faith". www.christianpost.com. 6 February 2015. Retrieved 2017-05-17.
Other websites[change | change source]
- Carly for President Archived 2015-05-05 at the Wayback Machine - official website
- Campaign contributions at OpenSecrets.org
- 2016 United States presidential candidates
- 2016 United States vice-presidential candidates
- American chief executives
- Businesspeople from Texas
- Politicians from Virginia
- Massachusetts Institute of Technology alumni
- Politicians from Austin, Texas
- Republican Party (United States) politicians
- Stanford University alumni
- 1954 births
- Living people