Rick Perry

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Rick Perry
Perry speaking at CPAC in 2015
47th Governor of Texas
In office
December 21, 2000 – January 20, 2015
Lieutenant Bill Ratliff
David Dewhurst
Preceded by George W. Bush
Succeeded by Greg Abbott
39th Lieutenant Governor of Texas
In office
January 19, 1999 – December 21, 2000
Governor George W. Bush
Preceded by Bob Bullock
Succeeded by Bill Ratliff
9th Commissioner of Agriculture of Texas
In office
January 15, 1991 – January 19, 1999
Governor Ann Richards
George W. Bush
Preceded by Jim Hightower
Succeeded by Susan Combs
Member of the Texas House of Representatives District 64
In office
January 8, 1985 – January 8, 1991
Preceded by Joe Hanna
Succeeded by John Cook
Personal details
Born James Richard Perry
March 4, 1950 (1950-03-04) (age 65)
Paint Creek, Texas
Political party Republican (since 1989)
Spouse(s) Anita Thigpen (1982-present)
Children 2
Alma mater Texas A&M University (B.S.)
Profession Politician
Religion Christianity (evangelical)[1]
Signature
Military service
Service/branch United States Air Force
Years of service 1972–1977
Rank Captain
Unit 772nd Tactical Airlift Squadron

James Richard "Rick" Perry (born March 4, 1950) is an American former politician. He was the Governor of Texas from 2000 to 2015. He is a Republican. He became governor when George W. Bush became President, and has been elected three more times. Perry was the longest governor in the United States for 14 years.

Early life[change | change source]

Perry was born in Paint Creek, Texas. His parents were Joseph Perry and Amelia Holt. He grew up in West Texas and studied at Texas A&M University. During his early years, he was a farmer and a pilot.

Early career[change | change source]

In 1984, Perry was elected to the Texas House of Representatives as a Democrat from district 64, which included his home county of Haskell. He served on the House Appropriations and Calendars committees during his three two-year terms in office.

In 1990, as a newly Republican, Perry challenged Jim Hightower, the incumbent Democratic Agriculture Commissioner. Karl Rove was Perry’s campaign manager.[2] Perry won the election.

In April 1993, Perry, while serving as Texas agriculture commissioner, expressed support for the effort to reform the nation's health care, describing it as "most commendable".[3]

In 1994, Perry was reelected Agriculture Commissioner by a large margin.

In 1998, Perry chose not to seek a third term as Agriculture Commissioner, running instead for Lieutenant Governor to succeed the retiring Democrat Bob Bullock. He won the election.

Governor of Texas (2000-2015)[change | change source]

Perry assumed the office of governor on December 21, 2000, following the resignation of George W. Bush – who was preparing to become President of the United States. In the 2001 legislative session, Perry set a record for his use of the veto, rejecting 82 acts, more than any other governor in any single legislative session in the history of the state since Reconstruction.[4] [5][6] He was elected again in 2002. In 2002, Perry described the Texas same-sex anti-sodomy law as "appropriate".[7]

Perry's campaigns for lieutenant governor and governor focused on a tough stance on crime. He has supported block grants for crime programs.[8] In 2007, Perry signed a law ending automatic arrest for cannabis possession.[9]

Perry supports the death penalty.[10] In June 2002, he vetoed a ban on the execution of mentally retarded inmates.[8] As of September 18, 2014, there have been 278 executions since Perry first took office in December 2000.[11]

Perry was re-elected in 2006 and in 2010. In 2014, Perry announced that he would not run for a fourth term.[12]

Indictment[change | change source]

On August 15, 2014, Perry was indicted by a grand jury on felony charges for abuse of power. He was accused of threatening a Democratic District Attorney who had been convicted of drunk driving to resign by threatening to veto funding for state public corruption prosecutors.[13][14][15] The indictment received some support and also wide criticism from all sides of the political parties, and editorial criticism from major US newspapers.

2012 presidential campaign[change | change source]

Perry also ran for President of the United States in the 2012 Republican primaries.[16] He was one of the last candidates to enter the race. He was a frontrunner for the nomination during the first month of his campaign, but he did not do well in many of the debates. On January 19, 2012, Perry withdrew his campaign and endorsed Newt Gingrich.

2016 presidential campaign[change | change source]

On June 4, 2015, Perry officially announced his bid with a new web site and a press conference at Addison Airport outside Dallas, Texas.[17][18][19] Perry then announced his candidacy at the scheduled press conference.[20]

Personal life[change | change source]

Perry used to be a Methodist, but now attends an Evangelical "megachurch". Perry is also an Eagle Scout. Perry married Anita Thigpen in 1982. Together, they have two children.

References[change | change source]

  1. Joshunda Sanders, Jason Embry. "Candidates attending more than one church". Statesman. http://www.statesman.com/news/texas-politics/governors_race/candidates-mirror-population-in-attending-more-than-one-1009306.html. Retrieved 2 February 2013.
  2. Bickerstaff, Steve (2010). Lines in the Sand: Congressional Redistricting in Texas and the Downfall of Tom DeLay. University of Texas Press. p. 21. ISBN 9780292783058 .
  3. Ashford-Grooms, Meghan (September 24, 2011). "Ron Paul says Rick Perry wrote a letter supporting Hillarycare". Austin American-Statesman / PolitiFact.com. http://www.politifact.com/texas/statements/2011/sep/24/ron-paul/ron-paul-says-rick-perry-wrote-letter-supporting-h/. Retrieved October 18, 2011.
  4. "The Executive Branch: Budgetary Powers", Texas Politics, University of Texas at Austin, retrieved June 20, 2011
  5. "The Limits of the Veto", Texas Politics, University of Texas at Austin, retrieved June 20, 2011
  6. Aaronson, Becca (June 17, 2011), "Vetoes — Then and Now", The Texas Tribune (Austin), http://www.texastribune.org/texas-legislature/82nd-legislative-session/on-the-records-vetoes--then-and-now/, retrieved June 20, 2011
  7. "Perry calls sodomy law 'appropriateTemplate:'-". Houston Chronicle. Associated Press. December 4, 2002. http://www.chron.com/CDA/archives/archive.mpl/2002_3605756/perry-calls-sodomy-law-appropriate.html. Retrieved August 19, 2011.
  8. 8.0 8.1 "Public Notes on 01-NGA10". On The Issues. September 14, 2001. http://www.ontheissues.org/Notebook/Note_01-NGA10.htm. Retrieved August 18, 2011.
  9. Yoder, Steve (November 7, 2011). "The GOP, 'tough on crime' no more?" Salon.
  10. Thomas, Evan; Brant, Martha (November 10, 2007). "Injection of Reflection". Newsweek. http://www.newsweek.com/id/69546/output/print. Retrieved June 22, 2008.
  11. "Death Row Information: Executed Offenders". Texas Dept of Criminal Justice. http://www.tdcj.state.tx.us/death_row/dr_executed_offenders.html. Retrieved October 11, 2014.
  12. "Texas Gov. Rick Perry announces he will not seek re-election in 2014". KTRK. July 8, 2013. http://abclocal.go.com/ktrk/story?section=news/state&id=9164598. Retrieved July 8, 2013.
  13. "Perry indicted". Washington Post. August 15, 2014. http://www.washingtonpost.com/national/texas-perry-indicted-for-coercion-for-veto-threat/2014/08/15/a7bda58a-24ce-11e4-8b10-7db129976abb_story.html.
  14. "Texas Governor Rick Perry indicted by grand jury". http://kxan.com/2014/08/15/texas-governor-rick-perry-indicted-by-grand-jury/. Retrieved August 15, 2014.
  15. "Texas Gov. Rick Perry is indicted". LA times. http://www.latimes.com/nation/politics/politicsnow/la-na-pn-rick-perry-indictment-texas-20140815-story.html. Retrieved August 16, 2014.
  16. http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2011/08/11/rick-perry-for-president-_n_924811.html
  17. Weissert, Will; Peoples, Steve (4 June 2015). "Rick Perry announces 2016 bid, a re-do from 2012". Associated Press. http://bigstory.ap.org/article/8e05a812781f4a26a1641086b2365b11/humbler-rick-perry-hopes-2016-bid-goes-better-first. Retrieved 2015-06-04.
  18. Bradner, Eric (June 4, 2015). "Rick Perry launches comeback bid for White House - CNNPolitics.com". CNN. http://www.cnn.com/2015/06/04/politics/rick-perry-2016-presidential-announcement/index.html. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
  19. Camia, Catalina; Jervis, Rick (4 June 2015). "Rick Perry launches 2016 presidential campaign". USA TODAY. http://www.usatoday.com/story/news/politics/elections/2015/06/04/rick-perry-president-2016-campaign/23842295/. Retrieved 2015-06-04.
  20. Beckwith , Ryan Teague; Rhodan, Maya (June 4, 2015). "Rick Perry Announces Presidential Bid". Time. http://time.com/3909057/rick-perry-2016-campaign-launch/. Retrieved June 4, 2015.

Other websites[change | change source]