United States Agency for International Development

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United States Agency for International Development
USAID-Identity.svg
Agency overview
Formed November 3, 1961; 56 years ago (1961-11-03)
Preceding agency International Cooperation Administration
Headquarters Ronald Reagan Building
Washington, D.C.
Employees 3,893 career U.S. employees (FY 2016)[1]
Annual budget $27.2 billion (FY 2016 Budgetary Resources)[2]
Agency executive Mark Andrew Green, Administrator
Website
usaid.gov
Footnotes
[3]

The United States Agency for International Development (USAID) is the United States Government agency which is primarily responsible for administering civilian foreign aid.

Background[change | change source]

President John F. Kennedy created USAID from its predecessor agencies in 1961 by executive order. USAID's programs are authorized by Congress in the Foreign Assistance Act,[4] which Congress supplements through directions in annual funding appropriation acts and other legislation. Although it is technically an independent agency, USAID operates subject to the foreign policy guidance of the President, Secretary of State, and the National Security Council.[5]

USAID operates in Africa, Asia, Latin America, the Middle East, and Eastern Europe.

List of Administrators[change | change source]

Administrator Tenure President(s) served under
Fowler Hamilton[6] 1961–1962 John F. Kennedy
David E. Bell[6] 1962–1966 John F. Kennedy, Lyndon B. Johnson
William Gaud[6] 1966–1969 Lyndon B. Johnson
John A. Hannah[7] 1969–1973 Richard Nixon
Daniel Parker[7] 1973–1977 Richard Nixon, Gerald Ford
John J. Gilligan[7] 1977–1979 Jimmy Carter
Douglas Bennet[7] 1979–1981
M. Peter McPherson[7] 1981–1987 Ronald Reagan
Ronald Roskens[7] 1990–1992 George H.W. Bush
J. Brian Atwood[8] May 10, 1993 – 1999 Bill Clinton
J. Brady Anderson[8] August 2, 1999 – 2001
Andrew Natsios May 2001 – January 14, 2006 George W. Bush
Randall L. Tobias March 31, 2006 – April 27, 2007
Henrietta H. Fore November 14, 2007 – January 20, 2009
Rajiv Shah January 7, 2010 – February 19, 2015 Barack Obama
Gayle E. Smith December 2, 2015 – January 20, 2017
Mark Andrew Green Aug 8, 2017 Donald Trump

References[change | change source]

  1. "Agency Financial Report, FY 2016" (PDF). USAID. Retrieved 22 December 2016.  Page 3.
  2. "Agency Financial Report, FY 2016" (PDF). USAID. Retrieved 22 December 2016.  Page 28.
  3. "USAID History". USAID. Archived from the original on 2012-05-15. Retrieved 2014-08-07. 
  4. "USAID: Automated Directives System 400" (PDF). Retrieved 2013-05-27. 
  5. USAID. "ADS Chapter 101.2 Agency Programs and Functions" (PDF). Retrieved 22 December 2011. 
  6. 6.0 6.1 6.2 "Kennedy, Johnson and the early years". Devex. July 23, 2014. Retrieved December 5, 2015. 
  7. 7.0 7.1 7.2 7.3 7.4 7.5 "The Cold War and its aftermath". Devex. July 23, 2014. Retrieved December 5, 2015. 
  8. 8.0 8.1 "The clashes of the 1990s". Devex. July 23, 2014. Retrieved December 5, 2015. 

Other websites[change | change source]