United States Agency for International Development

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United States Agency for International Development
USAID-Identity.svg
Agency overview
FormedNovember 3, 1961; 59 years ago (1961-11-03)
Preceding agency
HeadquartersRonald Reagan Building
Washington, D.C.
Employees3,893 career U.S. employees (FY 2016)[1]
Annual budget$27.2 billion (FY 2016 Budgetary Resources)[2]
Agency executive
Websiteusaid.gov
Footnotes
[3]

The United States Agency for International Development (USAID) is the United States Government agency which is primarily responsible for administering civilian foreign aid.

Background[change | change source]

President John F. Kennedy created USAID from its predecessor agencies in 1961 by executive order. USAID's programs are authorized by Congress in the Foreign Assistance Act,[4] which Congress supplements through directions in annual funding appropriation acts and other legislation. Although it is technically an independent agency, USAID operates subject to the foreign policy guidance of the President, Secretary of State, and the National Security Council.[5]

USAID operates in Africa, Asia, Latin America, the Middle East, and Eastern Europe.

List of Administrators[change | change source]

No. Administrator Tenure President(s) served under
1 Fowler Hamilton[6] 1961–1962 John F. Kennedy
2 David E. Bell[6] 1962–1966 John F. Kennedy, Lyndon B. Johnson
3 William Gaud[6] 1966–1969 Lyndon B. Johnson
4 John A. Hannah[7] 1969–1973 Richard Nixon
5 Daniel Parker[7] 1973–1977 Richard Nixon, Gerald Ford
6 John J. Gilligan[7] 1977–1979 Jimmy Carter
7 Douglas Bennet[7] 1979–1981
8 M. Peter McPherson[7] 1981–1987 Ronald Reagan
9 M. Alan Woods[7] 1987–1989 Ronald Reagan, George H. W. Bush
10 Ronald Roskens[7] 1990–1992 George H. W. Bush
11 J. Brian Atwood[8] May 10, 1993 – 1999 Bill Clinton
12 J. Brady Anderson[8] August 2, 1999 – 2001
13 Andrew Natsios May 2001 – January 14, 2006 George W. Bush
14 Randall L. Tobias March 31, 2006 – April 27, 2007
15 Henrietta H. Fore November 14, 2007 – January 20, 2009
16 Rajiv Shah January 7, 2010 – February 19, 2015 Barack Obama
17 Gayle E. Smith December 2, 2015 – January 20, 2017
18 Mark Green August 7, 2017 – April 10, 2020 Donald Trump
John Barsa (acting) April 11, 2020 – November 6, 2020
19 Samantha Power Nominee Joe Biden

References[change | change source]

  1. "Agency Financial Report, FY 2016" (PDF). USAID. Retrieved 22 December 2016. Page 3.
  2. "Agency Financial Report, FY 2016" (PDF). USAID. Retrieved 22 December 2016. Page 28.
  3. "USAID History". USAID. Archived from the original on 2012-05-15. Retrieved 2014-08-07.
  4. "USAID: Automated Directives System 400" (PDF). Retrieved 2013-05-27.
  5. USAID. "ADS Chapter 101.2 Agency Programs and Functions" (PDF). Retrieved 22 December 2011.
  6. 6.0 6.1 6.2 "Kennedy, Johnson and the early years". Devex. July 23, 2014. Retrieved December 5, 2015.
  7. 7.0 7.1 7.2 7.3 7.4 7.5 7.6 "The Cold War and its aftermath". Devex. July 23, 2014. Retrieved December 5, 2015.
  8. 8.0 8.1 "The clashes of the 1990s". Devex. July 23, 2014. Retrieved December 5, 2015.

Other websites[change | change source]