Mike Pence

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Mike Pence
Vice President Pence Official Portrait.jpg
48th Vice President of the United States
Assumed office
January 20, 2017
President Donald Trump
Preceded by Joe Biden
50th Governor of Indiana
In office
January 14, 2013 – January 9, 2017
Lieutenant Sue Ellspermann
Eric Holcomb
Preceded by Mitch Daniels
Succeeded by Eric Holcomb
Chair of the House Republican Conference
In office
January 3, 2009 – January 3, 2011
Leader John Boehner
Preceded by Adam Putnam
Succeeded by Jeb Hensarling
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Indiana's 6th district
In office
January 3, 2003 – January 3, 2013
Preceded by Dan Burton
Succeeded by Luke Messer
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Indiana's 2nd district
In office
January 3, 2001 – January 3, 2003
Preceded by David McIntosh
Succeeded by Chris Chocola
Personal details
Born Michael Richard Pence
June 7, 1959 (1959-06-07) (age 58)
Columbus, Indiana, U.S.
Political party Republican
Spouse(s) Karen Batten (1985–present)
Children 3
Residence Number One Observatory Circle
Alma mater Hanover College (BA)
Indiana University, Indianapolis (JD)
Religion Evangelical Roman Catholic [1]
Website Campaign site

Michael Richard "Mike" Pence (born June 7, 1959) is an American lawyer and politician. He is the 48th and current Vice President of the United States since being elected in November 2016 and inaugurated on January 20, 2017. He was the 50th Governor of Indiana from 2013[2] until 2017. A Republican, Pence previously was a member of the United States House of Representatives from 2001 to 2013. Pence served as Chairman of the House Republican Conference from 2009 to 2011. Pence is a longtime supporter of the Tea Party movement.[3][4]

On July 14, 2016, Donald Trump's campaign signaled that Pence would be Trump's choice for running mate in the 2016 presidential election.[5] On July 15, 2016, Trump officially announced on his Twitter that Pence would be his running mate. The Trump-Pence campaign would go on to defeat the Clinton-Kaine campaign in the general elections on November 9, 2016. He was inaugurated as Vice President of the United States on January 20, 2017.

Early life[change | change source]

Pence was born in Columbus, Indiana, one of six children of Nancy Jane (née Cawley) and Edward J. Pence, Jr..[6][7] His family were Irish Catholic Democrats.[8]

Pence graduated from Columbus North High School in 1977. He earned a B.A. in History from Hanover College in 1981 and a J.D. from the Indiana University Robert H. McKinney School of Law in 1986.

After graduating from law school in 1986, Pence worked as an attorney in private practice.[9] He continued to practice law following his second unsuccessful run for Congress.

U.S. House of Representatives (2001–2013)[change | change source]

In November 2000, Pence was elected to the U.S. House of Representatives in Indiana's 2nd Congressional District after six-year incumbent David M. McIntosh (1995–2001) opted to run for governor of Indiana.

Pence as a representative, 2009

On November 8, 2006, Pence announced his candidacy for leader of the Republican Party (minority leader) in the United States House of Representatives.[10] Pence's release announcing his run for minority leader focused on a "return to the values" of the 1994 Republican Revolution.[11] On November 17, Pence lost to Representative John Boehner of Ohio by a vote of 168–27–1 (the one vote went to Representative Joe Barton of Texas).[12]

Pence served for a time as the chairman of the Republican Study Committee. His Committee assignments in the U.S. House included: Foreign Affairs, Subcommittee on Middle East and South Asia (Vice Chair); Judiciary, Subcommittee on the Constitution (Vice Chair), and Subcommittee on Intellectual Property, Competition, and the Internet.

While in Congress, Pence belonged to the Tea Party Caucus.[13] Pence also belonged to the Congressional Internet Caucus, International Conservation Caucus, and Sportsmen's Caucus.

After the November 2010 election, Pence announced that he would not run for re-election as the Republican Conference Chairman.[14] On May 5, 2011, Pence announced that he would seek the Republican nomination for Governor of Indiana in 2012.[15][16]

Governor of Indiana (2013–2017)[change | change source]

On November 6, 2012, Pence won the gubernatorial election,[17] defeating Democratic nominee John R. Gregg and Libertarian nominee Rupert Boneham.

Governor Mike Pence speaking at the 2015 Conservative Political Action Conference (CPAC) in National Harbor, Maryland on February 27, 2015

Pence became the 50th Governor of Indiana on January 14, 2013.

Pence made tax reform, namely a 10% income-tax rate cut, a priority for 2013.[18]

On March 26, 2015, Pence signed Indiana Senate Bill 101, also known as the Indiana "religious objections" bill (RFRA), into law.[19] The law's signing was met with widespread criticism by people and groups who felt the law was carefully worded in a way that would permit discrimination against LGBT persons.[20][21]

As of March 2016, Pence has attempted unsuccessfully to prevent Syrian refugees from being resettled in Indiana.[22]

Pence is running for a second term as governor. He was unopposed in the May 3, 2016, Republican primary for governor. He faces Democrat John Gregg, former Speaker of the Indiana House of Representatives, in a rematch of the 2012 race. Early reports on July 14 suggest Pence is likely to be announced as the VP candidate on July 15.[23] If he becomes Trump's running mate, Pence said he would drop out of the governor race.

2016 vice presidential nomination[change | change source]

In July 2016, Trump said that there was three people on his running mate shortlist: Chris Christie, Newt Gingrich and Pence himself. On July 14, 2016, it was reported that Trump selected Pence as his running mate.[24] On July 15, 2016, Trump announced on his Twitter that Pence would be his running mate. He made a formal announcement in New York City on July 16, 2016.

Trump would go on to defeat Clinton in the general election making Pence the Vice President-elect of the United States.

Vice President of the United States (since 2017)[change | change source]

Pence was inaugurated as the 48th Vice President of the United States after being sworn in by Associate Justice Clarence Thomas on January 20, 2017.

On January 27, 2017, Pence spoke at the March for Life in Washington D.C., becoming the first vice president and the highest ranking United States official to ever speak at the annual event.[25][26]

Personal life[change | change source]

Pence and his wife Karen Pence have been married since 1985. They have three children: Michael, Charlotte, and Audrey. Pence is a born-again Christian.

References[change | change source]

  1. http://religionnews.com
  2. "Pence in as governor of Indiana; Hassan wins N.H". nbcpolitics.nbcnews.com. November 6, 2012. Retrieved December 17, 2012. 
  3. Amber Phillips, 10 things you should know about Mike Pence, Donald Trump’s likely running mate, Washington Post (July 14, 2016).
  4. Michael Muskal, Mike Pence to run for Indiana governor: Republicans had expected Rep. Mike Pence, a 'tea party' favorite, to join the state race to succeed Gov. Mitch Daniels, who may make a run for the GOP presidential nomination, Los Angeles Times (May 5, 2011).
  5. "Donald Trump's Campaign Signals He Will Pick Mike Pence as Running Mate". The New York Times. July 14, 2016. https://www.nytimes.com/2016/07/15/us/politics/mike-pence-donald-trump-vice-president.html?_r=0.
  6. "Wedding Bells Ring Out For 3 S. Side Couples". Chicago Daily Tribune. April 5, 1956. http://pqasb.pqarchiver.com/chicagotribune/access/515013912.html?dids=515013912:515013912&FMT=ABS&FMTS=ABS:AI&type=historic&date=Apr+05%2C+1956&author=&pub=Chicago+Tribune&desc=WEDDING+BELLS+RING+OUT+FOR+3+S.+SIDE+COUPLES&pqatl=google.
  7. http://www.indystar.com/relart/20121006/NEWS05/210060343
  8. Burton, Danielle (November 15, 2006).What You Didn't Know About Rep. Mike Pence of Indiana, U.S. News & World Report accessed March 31, 2015.
  9. "Your Local Officials: Indiana Governor Mike Pence". National Retail Federation. 
  10. U.S. Congressman Mike Pence : 6th District Of Indiana Archive copy at the Internet Archive
  11. U.S. Congressman Mike Pence : 6th District Of Indiana Archive copy at the Internet Archive
  12. "Boehner elected as Republican leader: Succeeds Hastert in top GOP role in Democratic-controlled House", Associated Press, November 17, 2006
  13. Janie Lorber, Tea Party Caucus Tackles Racism Charge (July 21, 2010).
  14. "Letter of Resignation from House Republican Caucus". http://www.indystar.com/assets/pdf/BG166390113.PDF. Retrieved November 3, 2010.
  15. Camia, Catalina (January 27, 2011). "Rep. Pence to skip GOP race for president". USA Today. http://content.usatoday.com/communities/onpolitics/post/2011/01/mike-pence-indiana-governor-president-/1. Retrieved August 18, 2011.
  16. Muskal, Michael (May 5, 2011). "Mike Pence to run for Indiana governor". Los Angeles Times. http://www.latimes.com/news/politics/la-pn-pence-governor-20110506,0,3385004.story. Retrieved May 5, 2011.
  17. "Pence in as governor of Indiana; Hassan wins N.H.". nbcpolitics.nbcnews.com. November 6, 2012. http://nbcpolitics.nbcnews.com/_news/2012/11/06/14973266-pence-in-as-governor-of-indiana-hassan-wins-nh?lite. Retrieved December 17, 2012.
  18. Rucker, Philip (December 12, 2014) – "Mike Pence Lays Out Vision for a Presidential Campaign. But Will He Be a Candidate?". The Washington Post. Retrieved January 1, 2015.
  19. Indiana Gov. Pence defends religious objections law: 'This bill is not about discrimination' – The Chicago Tribune – 26 March 2015
  20. "Thousands march in Indiana to protest law seen targeting gays". Reuters. March 29, 2015. https://www.reuters.com/article/2015/03/29/us-usa-religion-indiana-idUSKBN0MO0RF20150329.
  21. "These Religious Groups Want Nothing To Do With Indiana's New Law". The Huffington Post. April 4, 2015. http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2015/04/01/religious-groups-protest-rfra_n_6986002.html?utm_hp_ref=politics&ir=Politics.
  22. "Exodus, continued: Indiana's governor is losing his fight to keep Syrian refugees away: Most other governors seem to have quietly dropped the matter". The Economist. March 14, 2016. https://www.economist.com/news/united-states/21694832-most-other-governors-seem-have-quietly-dropped-matter-indianas-governor-losing. Retrieved March 15, 2016.
  23. Murphy, Patricia (July 14, 2016). Trump to Pick Mike Pence, Says Source, Roll Call
  24. James Briggs and Tony Cook (July 14, 2016). "Pence is Trump's VP pick". The Indianapolis Star. http://www.indystar.com/story/news/politics/2016/07/14/report-pence-trumps-vp-pick/87075866/.
  25. Gaudiano, Nicole (January 27, 2017). "At Anti-Abortion Rally, Mike Pence is a Beacon of Hope". USA Today. Retrieved January 27, 2017. 
  26. Fredericks, Bob (January 27, 2017). "Mike Pence Makes History by Rallying with Pro-Life Marchers". New York Post. Retrieved January 27, 2017. 

Other websites[change | change source]

Articles
Congress