2021 United States Capitol attack

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2021 United States Capitol attack
Part of the 2020–21 United States election protests and attempts to overturn the 2020 United States presidential election
Top to bottom, left to right: crowds gathered outside of the Capitol; Donald Trump speaking to supporters at the "Save America" rally; tear gas being deployed against protesters outside the Capitol Building
DateJanuary 6, 2021 (2021-01-06)
Location
38°53′23.3″N 77°00′32.6″W / 38.889806°N 77.009056°W / 38.889806; -77.009056Coordinates: 38°53′23.3″N 77°00′32.6″W / 38.889806°N 77.009056°W / 38.889806; -77.009056
Caused by
  • Opposition to the results of the 2020 United States presidential election
  • Trump's false claims of 2020 election fraud
  • Trump's incitement of his supporters to fight and physically disrupt the Electoral College vote count
Goals
MethodsRioting, vandalism,[5] looting, assault, shootings,[6] arson,[7] and attempted bombings
Resulted inAttempts to overturn election results in favor of Trump failed
Casualties and arrests
Death(s)5 dead[14]
Injuries
  • Unknown number of rioters injured, at least 5 rioters hospitalized[11]
  • 56 officers injured[12][13]
Arrested
  • 80+ rioters arrested[17]

On the afternoon of Wednesday, January 6, 2021, thousands of supporters of President Donald Trump were in Washington, D.C. to protest against the results of the 2020 presidential election. They went in to support Trump's demand for Vice President Mike Pence and Congress to reject President-elect Joe Biden's victory.[18][19] The protests soon became riots as thousands of Trump supporters broke into the United States Capitol, damaging the building. The presidential historian Michael Beschloss called the attacks an attempted coup d'etat by the President.[20] The attack of the United States Capitol building was the worst at that location since the War of 1812.

Rally[change | change source]

First occurred a planned rally on the Ellipse. There, Rudy Giuliani called for "trial by combat",[21] while Donald Trump told his supporters to march to the United States Capitol "to peacefully and patriotically make your voices heard today", while also asking them to "show strength" and to "fight like hell" for Republicans to "take back our country".[22][23][24]

Storming of the Capitol[change | change source]

The supporters broke into the Capitol.[25] Congress was in session at the time and all congressmen, news reporters and Vice President Mike Pence were evacuated to a secure location.[26][27]

A Trump-supporting female rioter was shot by Capitol Police during the storming, when she climbed through a barricaded door near the entrance to the hall for the House of Representatives; she died later that day.[28] Three people also died from medical emergencies that day, said the Washington D.C. police.[29] Attackers beat a police officer to death with a fire extinguisher.[30]

The attack on the Capitol has been seen and called as domestic terrorism.[31][32][33][34]

During the attack, several rioters carried Confederate battle flags or Nazi symbols.[35] For the first time in U.S. history, a Confederate battle flag was displayed inside the U.S. Capitol building.[36]

Aftermath[change | change source]

5 people died during or shortly after the event: four rioters and one police officer.[37] Fifteen police officers were hospitalized,[38] and more than 50 injured. Members of the mob hit Capitol Police officers in the head with lead pipes and other weapons, including flag poles.[39] Howard Liebengood was a Capitol Police officer on duty during the attack. He died by suicide three days later.[40][41] Jeffrey Smith defended the capitol as part of the Metro Police Department. He killed himself soon after.[42]

Reactions[change | change source]

Trump was impeached for a second time because of what happened. Some people even wanted Vice President Pence to use the twenty-fifth amendment to remove Trump from office.[43]

Trump responded to the storming by releasing messages on Twitter. In a video, he told protesters: "This was a fraudulent election, but we can’t play into the hands of these people. We have to have peace. So go home. We love you. You’re very special. You’ve seen what happens. You see the way others are treated that are so bad and so evil. I know how you feel. But go home and go home in peace."[44] In another message, he wrote: "These are the things and events that happen when a sacred landslide election victory is so unceremoniously & viciously stripped away from great patriots who have been badly & unfairly treated for so long". He continued: "Go home with love & in peace. Remember this day forever!".[45][46][47]

Prison sentence for protesters[change | change source]

On July 20, 2021, one protester was sentenced to 8 months in prison; the trial was held in federal court.[48]

"More than 535 people have been charged with [or are under indictment for] taking part in the attack", media said in July.[48]

References[change | change source]

  1. https://www.ourquadcities.com/news/national-news/capitol-mob-built-gallows-and-chanted-hang-mike-pence/
  2. https://www.theatlantic.com/politics/archive/2021/01/trump-rioters-wanted-more-violence-worse/617614/
  3. https://www.timesofisrael.com/us-capitol-rioters-chanted-hang-mike-pence-video-footage/
  4. https://www.businessinsider.com/reuters-photographer-says-pro-trump-rioters-wanted-to-hang-pence-2021-1
  5. Lakritz, Talia (January 6, 2021). "Shocking photos show pro-Trump rioters in the Capitol stealing memorabilia and breaking into the desks of lawmakers". Yahoo News. Retrieved January 8, 2021.
  6. Massimo, Rick; Vitka, Will. "Trump condemns Capitol riot; DeVos, US Capitol Police chief to resign". WTOP. Today, First Amendment protests turned violent. Many persons came to the District armed and for the purpose of engaging in violence and destruction and have engaged in violence and destruction. They have fired chemical irritants, bricks, bottles, and guns.
  7. "What happened in Washington DC yesterday? A timeline of insurrection". The Independent. January 7, 2021. Retrieved January 8, 2021.
  8. "Top White House officials resign after Capitol Hill riots, including Melania Trump's chief of staff". www.abc.net.au. January 7, 2021. Retrieved January 10, 2021.
  9. "The Trump Administration Officials Who Resigned Over the Violence in the Capitol". The New York Times. January 9, 2021. Retrieved January 11, 2021.
  10. Melendez, Pilar; Bredderman, William; Montgomery, Blake (January 6, 2021). "Woman Shot Dead as Mob Overran Capitol ID'ed as Air Force Vet". The Daily Beast. Archived from the original on January 6, 2021. Retrieved January 7, 2021.
  11. Raju, Manu; Barrett, Ted (January 7, 2021). "Facing criticism, US Capitol Police details response to mob, 14 suspects arrested and 50 officers injured". CNN. Archived from the original on January 8, 2021. Retrieved January 7, 2021.
  12. Thrush, Glenn; Dewan, Shaila; Eligon, John; MacFarquhar, Neil (January 7, 2021). "Questions mount over law enforcement's failure to protect the Capitol". The New York Times. Archived from the original on January 8, 2021. Mr. Sund said more than 50 Capitol Police and Washington Metro Police officers had been injured, and several Capitol Police officers were hospitalized with serious injuries.
  13. Kutlu, Ovunc. "Death toll rises to 5 at Capitol riots in US capital". Anadolu Agency.
  14. "Capitol secured after assault from Trump supporters". CBS News. January 7, 2021. Retrieved January 9, 2021.
  15. Perez, Evan; Herb, Jeremy; Polantz, Katelyn; Scannell, Kara; Carrega, Christina (January 7, 2021). "Prosecutors 'looking at all actors,' including Trump, as charges are filed against Capitol rioters". CNN. Archived from the original on January 8, 2021. Retrieved January 8, 2021.
  16. Peñaloza, Marisa (January 6, 2021). "Trump Supporters Clash With Capitol Police At Protest". National Public Radio. Retrieved January 6, 2021.
  17. Amenabar, Teddy; Zauzmer, Julie; Davies, Emily; Brice-Saddler, Michael; Ruane, Michael E.; et al. (January 6, 2021). "Live updates: Hundreds storm Capitol barricades; two nearby buildings briefly evacuated; Trump falsely tells thousands he won". The Washington Post. Retrieved January 6, 2021.
  18. "Analysis: Trump's rage ignites mob assault on democracy". Mainichi Daily News. 2021-01-07. Retrieved 2021-01-11.
  19. Palma, Bethania (January 6, 2021). "Did Rudy Giuliani Call for 'Trial By Combat' Before Trump Mob Broke Into Capitol?". Snopes. Archived from the original on January 7, 2021. Retrieved January 6, 2021.
  20. Conradis, Brandon (January 6, 2021). "Trump attacks Pence as protesters force their way into Capitol". The Hill. Archived from the original on January 6, 2021. Retrieved January 8, 2021.
  21. McCarthy, Tom; Ho, Vivian; Greve, Joan E. (January 7, 2021). "Schumer calls pro-Trump mob 'domestic terrorists' as Senate resumes election certification – live". Archived from the original on January 6, 2021. Retrieved January 6, 2021 – via www.theguardian.com.
  22. "Before mob stormed US Capitol, Trump told them to 'fight like hell' –". The Boston Globe. Archived from the original on January 7, 2021. Retrieved January 7, 2021.
  23. Moneymaker, Anna (January 6, 2021). "In Photos: Angry protesters and broken windows inside Statuary Hall". The New York Times. Retrieved 6 January 2021.
  24. McEvoy, Jemima (January 6, 2021). "DC Protests Live Coverage: Entire Capitol Now On Lockdown As Protesters Enter The Building". Forbes. Retrieved January 6, 2021.
  25. Lang, Brent; Littleton, Cynthia (January 6, 2021). "U.S. Capitol on Lockdown, Pro-Trump Protestors Breach Police Lines". Variety. Retrieved January 6, 2021.
  26. Jouvenal, Justin; Leonnig, Carol (January 8, 2021). "Ashli Babbitt was shot during chaotic moments in the Capitol". The Washington Post. Archived from the original on January 8, 2021. Retrieved January 8, 2021.
  27. "Over 50 people arrested, 14 officers injured and 4 deaths reported amid pro-Trump protests in DC". FOX5. Retrieved January 7, 2021.
  28. DALY, LISA MASCARO and MATTHEW. "Capitol Police say cop, reportedly hit with fire extinguisher during Hill mob, dies of his injuries". chicagotribune.com. Retrieved 2021-01-11.
  29. Trepany, Charles. "'This is domestic terrorism': Meghan McCain, Cardi B and more react to Capitol riot". USA TODAY.
  30. Corn, David. "Donald Trump is now a terrorist leader".
  31. Johnson, Martin (January 6, 2021). "Cori Bush introduces legislation to sanction, remove all House members who supported election challenges". TheHill.
  32. Jansen, Bart. "President-elect Joe Biden calls Capitol riot 'insurrection,' urges President Trump to 'end siege'". USA TODAY. Retrieved 2021-01-06.
  33. McLaughlin, Eliott C. (January 7, 2021). "Before Wednesday, insurgents waving Confederate flags hadn't been within 6 miles of the US Capitol". CNN. Archived from the original on January 8, 2021.
  34. Cramer, Maria (January 9, 2021). "Confederate Battle Flag in the Capitol: A 'Jarring' First in U.S. History". New York Times. Retrieved January 9, 2021.
  35. Safdar, Khadeeja; Ailworth, Erin; Seetharaman, Deepa (January 8, 2021). "Police Identify Five Dead After Capitol Riot". The Wall Street Journal.
  36. Conley-Kendzior, Lisa (January 7, 2021). "Capitol Police say reports of officer's death are wrong". The Hill.
  37. Limon, Alexandra. "Capitol Police were hit in the head with lead pipes". Nexstar – via WJW.
  38. "A Capitol Police Officer On Duty During The Coup Attempt Has Died By Suicide". Buzzfeed. January 11, 2021. A US Capitol Police officer on duty during Wednesday's coup attempt by Trump supporters died by suicide on Saturday, his family has announced.
  39. Klein, Allison; Tan, Rebecca (January 11, 2021). "Capitol Police officer who was on duty during the riot has died by suicide, his family says". The Washington Post. Retrieved January 13, 2021.
  40. "Second officer from Capitol riot dies by suicide, police chief says". NBC News. Retrieved 2021-02-01.
  41. Novet, Jordan (January 6, 2021). "U.S. trade group asks VP Pence to 'seriously consider' invoking 25th Amendment to remove Trump". CNBC. Retrieved January 6, 2021.
  42. Zilbermints, Regina (January 6, 2021). "Trump tells rioters 'go home,' repeats claims that election 'fraudulent'". TheHill. Archived from the original on January 6, 2021. Retrieved January 6, 2021.
  43. Durkee, Alison (January 6, 2021). "Trump Justifies Supporters Storming Capitol: 'These Are The Things And Events That Happen'". Forbes. Archived from the original on January 7, 2021. Retrieved January 7, 2021.
  44. Gearan, Anne; Dawsey, Josh (January 7, 2021). "Trump issued a call to arms. Then he urged his followers 'to remember this day forever!'". The Washington Post. Archived from the original on January 7, 2021. Retrieved January 7, 2021.
  45. "Trump encourages his supporters to 'remember this day.'". The New York Times. January 6, 2021. ISSN 0362-4331. Archived from the original on January 6, 2021. Retrieved January 6, 2021.
  46. 48.0 48.1 https://www.reuters.com/article/us-usa-capitol-sentencing-idUSKBN2EP1RI