Rick and Morty is an American adult animated science fiction sitcom created by Justin Roiland and Dan Harmon for Cartoon Network's late night programming block Adult Swim. The series follows the misadventures of Rick Sanchez, a cynical mad scientist, and his fretful, easily influenced grandson Morty, who split their time between domestic family life and interdimensional adventures. Roiland voices the series' eponymous characters, with the voice talent of Chris Parnell, Spencer Grammer, and Sarah Chalke providing the rest of the family. The series has its origins in an animated parody of Back to the Future created by Roiland for film festival Channel 101. Adult Swim approached Harmon for television show ideas, and he and Roiland developed the program based on the short's two characters.
The series premiered on December 2, 2013, to critical acclaim. In January 2014, the series was renewed for a second season which premiered on July 26, 2015. In August 2015, Adult Swim renewed the series for a 14-episode third season to air in 2017.
Rick Sanchez is an alcoholic scientific genius who has moved in with the family of his daughter Beth, who is a veterinarian and equine cardiac surgeon. He splits his time between developing arcane projects and taking his teenage grandson Morty (and, with increasing occurrence, his older teenage granddaughter Summer) on dangerous and surreal adventures throughout the multiverse. Compounded with preexisting tensions within the family, these events cause the sensitive Morty much distress at home and school.
- Rick Sanchez (voiced by Justin Roiland) – An eccentric and alcoholic mad scientist who is the father of Beth, the father-in-law of Jerry, and the maternal grandfather of Morty and Summer. His irresponsible tendencies lead Beth and Jerry to worry about the safety of their son Morty. The series is often retroscripted for Rick's ad-hoc lines, which frequently include 'burp-talking' in the middle of a sentence while speaking. He displays "diagnosable qualities of various mental illnesses." A maverick character that views his time as valuable, he eschews many ordinary conventions such as school, marriage, and even love. His disdainful or bored reaction to the mundane requests asked of him by Morty and his family suggests a sense of superiority, particularly towards Jerry; however, in several instances throughout the series Rick shows a lonelier side.
- Morty Smith (voiced by Justin Roiland) – Rick's good-hearted but easily distressed 14-year-old grandson who is frequently dragged into Rick's misadventures. His naive but grounded moral compass plays counterpoint to Rick's Machiavellian ego. He is typically reluctant to follow along with Rick's plans, and he often ends up traumatized by the unorthodox and morally questionable methods Rick uses to 'fix' situations. The Morty of C-137 is referred to as the "Mortiest Morty" by Rick. Some alternate Mortys refer to him as the "one true Morty". Though their relationship is frequently antagonistic, Morty's role as sidekick is necessary because his "Morty brainwaves" cancel out Rick's "genius waves", preventing Rick's numerous inter-dimensional enemies from tracking him down. Rick displays occasional signs of genuine affection for Morty in spite of his disaffected demeanor, and similarly Morty can sometimes develop investment and enthusiasm for their adventures.
- Beth Smith (née Sanchez) (voiced by Sarah Chalke) – Rick's daughter, Jerry's wife, and Summer and Morty's mother. She is a cardiac surgeon for horses. Generally level-headed, she struggles with her husband's ego, swelled from defiance of his obvious mediocrity. Several episodes deal with Beth's dissatisfaction with her life, stemming from a belief that she "settled" in her marriage, family, and job. She wanted to become a human cardiac surgeon but became pregnant with Summer at 17 years old. She is the most successfully assertive force in the household, and can at times be selfish. Beth is unperturbed by her father's destructive and reckless tendencies, as she has viewed Rick more favorably than her late mother since their separation in her childhood. Harmon expanded upon this origin in an interview: "Kids can sometimes idolize their worst parent and blame their supportive parent for chasing off the dad with the guts to leave. [...] She believes that Rick, as crazy as he is, is the better of her two parents even though she was raised by her mother and she blames her mother’s unremarkability on her father’s departure and will do anything to keep her father back in her life." Jerry sees Beth as overly controlling.
- Jerry Smith (voiced by Chris Parnell) – Summer and Morty's father, Beth's husband, and Rick's son-in-law, who strongly disapproves of Rick's influence over Morty. Generally insecure, Jerry is frequently led into conflicts stemming from opportunistic posturing. He is generally disapproving of Rick, and his marriage to Beth is often rocked by these upsets. Jerry worked at a low-level advertising agency until he was fired for incompetence. The episode "Mortynight Run" reveals that one of the Ricks, keenly aware that every Jerry is incapable of surviving off of Earth, created a daycare where Jerrys from various dimensions are dropped off by their Rick and Morty during adventures should he attempt to accompany them. It is revealed in the same episode that in some dimensions, Beth has left Jerry and remarried. Beth views Jerry as meek under his boasts, ultimately fearful of confrontation. At various points in the series, Beth and Jerry's marriage is said to be maintained for the sake of the kids. It is also strongly suggested that in spite of their problems with one another, Beth and Jerry are emotionally co-dependent.
- Summer Smith (voiced by Spencer Grammer) – Morty's 17-year-old older sister, a more conventional and often superficial teenager, is obsessed with improving her status with her peers. Summer is generally similar to her mother, but she has shown elements of both Jerry's approval-seeking and Rick's devil-may-care attitude. She occasionally expresses envy that Morty gets to accompany Rick on his inter-dimensional adventures. In the second season, she accompanies Rick and Morty on adventures more frequently.
- Nazism (or National Socialism; German: Nationalsozialismus) is a set of political beliefs associated with the Nazi Party of Germany. It started in the 1920s. The Party gained power in 1933, starting the Third Reich. They lasted in Germany until 1945, at the end of World War II. Many scholars think Nazism was a form of far-right politics. Nazism is a form of fascism and uses biological racism and antisemitism. Much of the philosophy of this movement was based on an idea that the "Aryan race", the term they used for what we today call Germanic people, was better than all other races, and had the greatest ability to survive. According to the racist ideas of Nazism, the Germanic peoples were the Herrenvolk (master race). The "inferior" races - the Jews, Roma people, Slavs, and blacks - were classified as Untermenschen (sub-humans). To implement the racist ideas, in 1935 the Nuremberg Race Laws banned non-Aryans and political opponents of the Nazis from the civil-service. They also forbid any sexual contact between "Aryan" and "non-Aryan" people. The Nazis sent millions of Jews, Roma and other people to concentration camps and death camps, where they were killed. These killings are now called the Holocaust. The word Nazi is a short for Nationalsozialist (supporter of the Nationalsozialistische Deutsche Arbeiterpartei) in the German language. This means "National Socialist German Workers' Party".
- == Nazi rise to power[change | change source] == Adolf Hitler, the leader of Nazi Germany, wrote a book called Mein Kampf ("My Struggle"). The book said that all of Germany's problems happened because Jews were making plans to hurt the country. He also said that Jewish and communist politicians planned the Armistice of 1918 that ended World War I, and allowed Germany to agree to pay huge amounts of money and goods (reparations). On the night of the 27 February 1933 and 28 February 1933, someone set the Reichstag building on fire. This was the building where the German Parliament held their meetings. The Nazis blamed the communists. Opponents of the Nazis said that the Nazis themselves had done it to come to power. On the very same day, an emergency law called Reichstagsbrandverordnung was passed. The government claimed it was to protect the state from people trying to hurt the country. With this law, most of the civil rights of the Weimar Republic did not count any longer. The Nazis used this against the other political parties. Members of the communist and social-democratic parties were put into prison or killed. The Nazis became the biggest party in the parliament. By 1934, they managed to make all other parties illegal. Democracy was replaced with a dictatorship. Adolf Hitler became leader (Führer) of Germany. Nazi was Hitler's standard during his run as President of Germany == Attacking other countries[change | change source] ==
- See also: Invasion of Poland (1939) and Operation Barbarossa As the German leader (Führer) of Nazi Germany, Hitler began moving Nazi armies into neighboring countries. When Germany attacked Poland, World War II started. Western countries like France, Belgium, and the Netherlands were occupied and to be treated by Germany as colonies. However, in Eastern countries, such as Poland and the Soviet Union, the Nazis planned to kill or enslave the Slavic peoples, so that German settlers could take their land. The Nazis made alliances with other European countries, such as Finland and Italy. Every other European country that allied with Germany did it because they did not want to be taken over by Germany. By alliances and invasions, the Nazis managed to control much of Europe. == The Holocaust[change | change source] == Main page: The Holocaust
- See also: Holocaust victims In the Holocaust, millions of Jews, as well as Roma people (also called "Gypsies"), people with disabilities, homosexuals, political opponents, and many other people were sent to concentration camps and death camps in Poland and Germany. The Nazis killed millions of these people at the concentration camps with poison gas. The Nazis also killed millions of people in these groups by forcing them to do slave labor without giving them much food or clothing. In total, 11 million people died- 6 million of them Jews. == The Ending of the Holocaust[change | change source] == In 1945, the Soviet Union took over Berlin after beating the German army in Russia. The Soviet Red Army met the American and British armies, who had fought right across Germany after invading Nazi Europe from Normandy in France on June 6,1944. The Nazis lost because the Allies had many more soldiers and more money than them. During the invasion of Berlin, Hitler may have shot himself in a bunker with his new wife, Eva Braun. Other Nazis also killed themselves, including Joseph Goebbels just one day after Hitler named him as his successor. The Nazis surrendered after the Red Army captured Berlin. == Trial for the Nazis[change | change source] == Main page: Nuremberg Trials After the war, the Allied governments, such as the United States, Britain, and the Soviet Union, held trials for the Nazi leaders. These trials were held in Nuremberg, in Germany. For this reason, these trials were called "the Nuremberg Trials." The Allied leaders accused the Nazi leaders of war crimes and crimes against humanity, including murdering millions of people (in the Holocaust), of starting wars, of conspiracy, and belonging to illegal organizations like the Schutzstaffel (SS). Most Nazi leaders were found guilty by the court, and they were sent to jail or executed by hanging. == Nazis after the war[change | change source] == Main page: Neo-Nazism There has not been a Nazi state since 1945, but there are still people who believe in those ideas. These people are often called neo-Nazis, (which means new-Nazis). Here are some examples of modern Nazi ideas:
- Germanic peoples are superior to all other races of people.
- Many neo-nazis change "germanic" to "all white people".
- They speak against Jews and sometimes other races. For example, they:
- They say that the Holocaust did not happen, and that it was made up by the jews.
- Say that Hitler was right to blame Jewish people Germany's problems after World War I;
- Tell people to hate Jewish people and other groups of people; and
- Believe that Jews have too much power in the world. After the war, laws were made in Germany and other countries, especially countries in Europe, that make it illegal to say the Holocaust never happened. Sometimes they also ban questioning the number of people affected by it, which is saying that not so many people were killed as most people think. There has been some controversy over whether this affects people's free speech. Certain countries, such as Germany, Austria, and France also ban the use of Nazi symbols to stop Nazis from using them.