From Simple English Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
SA insignia
Bundesarchiv Bild 146-1982-159-21A, Nürnberg, Reichsparteitag, Hitler und Röhm.jpg
Adolf Hitler and Ernst Röhm inspecting the SA
in Nuremberg in 1933
Agency overview
DissolvedMay 8, 1945
Superseding agency
HeadquartersSA High Command, Barerstraße, Munich
48°8′37.53″N 11°34′6.76″E / 48.1437583°N 11.5685444°E / 48.1437583; 11.5685444
Ministers responsible
Agency executives
Parent agencyNazi Party (NSDAP)
Child agency

The Sturmabteilung (audio speaker iconlisten ; often shortened to SA) was a paramilitary group for the German Nazi Party. Their leader was Ernst Röhm. The group was important in helping Adolf Hitler gain power in the 1930s.[1]

In English, they are often called the Stormtroopers or the Brownshirts,[1] while Sturmabteilung literally translates to “assault detachment” or “assault section”. They wore a brown uniform,[1] similar to the black uniform worn by Mussolini's Blackshirts.[2]

The word Sturmabteilung was used before the founding of the Nazi Party in 1919. It originally comes from the specialized assault troops used by Germany in World War I using Hutier infiltration tactics.

The SA played a key role in Adolf Hitler’s rise to power in the 1930s.[1] Other political parties also had their own partisan militia, and the SA fought them. The SS began as a small part of SA, and later replaced them.

The Army[2] and other conservatives disliked the SA. In 1934 Hitler launched the Night of the Long Knives in which the Schutzstaffel arrested and killed their leaders.[1][2]

Related pages[change | change source]

Sources[change | change source]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 "The SA". United States Holocaust Memorial Museum. September 17, 2018. Retrieved December 16, 2022.
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 "SA". Encyclopædia Britannica. December 9, 2022. Retrieved December 16, 2022.

Other websites[change | change source]