||This article needs more sources for reliability. (September 2009)|
|Admin. region||Upper Bavaria|
|• Lord Mayor||Dieter Reiter (SPD)|
|• Governing parties||SPD / Green / Rosa Liste München|
|• City||310.43 km2 (119.86 sq mi)|
|Elevation||519 m (1,703 ft)|
|• Density||4,532.4/km2 (11,739/sq mi)|
|Time zone||CET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)|
|Postal codes||80331 – 81929|
Munich (German: München) is the third biggest city of Germany (after Berlin and Hamburg), and the capital of Bavaria. It has a population of 1,407,000. The metropolitan area of Munich includes the city itself, and all the suburbs around it, and has about 2.6 million people in it. It is one of the most important centres of the economy in Germany. It has an oceanic climate (Cfb in the Koeppen climate classification).
People of Munich[change | change source]
The official population of Munich city proper at 310.43 km2 is 1,368,840 inhabitants only with principal residence as of 31st January 2009. Around 176,000 inhabitants with secondary residence also live in administrative city limits but they are not calculated in this official census. According to some estimates that population counts around 200,000 people. The fast growing Munich urban area has 2,667,000 inhabitants (2008 estimate). Munich city with all suburbs at 12,000 km2 has 4,700,000 inhabitants and Munich metropolitan region that covers 27,700 km2 and includes Augsburg, Ingolstadt, Landshut, Rosenheim and Landsberg has around 6,000,000 inhabitants. Munich is the 12th largest city in EU by population within city limits and the 14th largest urban area in Europe. Its metropolitan area ranks among largest metro areas in Europe. As of December 2008, 47.3% of Munich's residents belong to no religious group, 38.3% are Roman Catholic, 14.0% are Lutheran Protestants and 0.3% are Jewish. There is also a small Old Catholic parish and an Episcopal Church.
History[change | change source]
- 1158 - The settlement was founded as Munichen by Henry the Lion
- 1255 - Residence of Upper Bavaria.
- 1806 - Munich became the capital of the Bavarian monarchy
- 1923 - Beer Hall Putsch of the Nazis
- 1939-45 - 45% was destroyed in World War II
- 1972 - 1972 Summer Olympics
- 2016 - 2016 Munich shooting
Economy[change | change source]
Munich is the largest publishing city in Europe. It is home to the Süddeutsche Zeitung, one of Germany's largest daily newspapers. Munich is also home to Germany's largest public broadcasting network, ARD, and its largest commercial network, Pro7-Sat1 Media AG. The headquarters of the German branch of Random House, the world's largest publishing house, is in Munich.
Sights and attractions[change | change source]
- English Garden (Englischer Garten)
- Deutsches Museum (Science Museum)
- Frauenkirche (Cathedral of Our Lady)
- Olympiaturm (Olympic Tower, a radio and TV broadcasting station)
- Bavaria statue
Transportations[change | change source]
Airport[change | change source]
Public transportation[change | change source]
Sports[change | change source]
Munich is the most successful city in Bundesliga history. FC Bayern Munich have won 20 national championship along with 13 DFB Cups, 5 UEFA Champions League/European Championship, 1 UEFA Cup and 1 UEFA Cup Winners Cup for 39 trophies.
Munich hosted the 1972 Summer Olympics. They were one of the host cities for the 2006 Football World Cup. Munich bid to host the 2018 Winter Olympic Games but lost to Pyeongchang. In September 2011 the DOSB President Thomas Bach said that Munich would bid again for the Winter Olympics in the future.
Sports clubs[change | change source]
- Bayern Munich
- TSV 1860 Munich
- SpVgg Unterhaching (not really a club from Munich as Unterhaching is a rural town of its own)
- Munich Irish Rovers FC
- EHC Munich - Local professional hockey club.
Boroughs[change | change source]
Munich has 25 boroughs (Bezirke in German, also sometimes called districts in English).
Colleges and universities[change | change source]
Munich's universities are known for their high ranking in Germany.
- Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität München
- Technical University of Munich
- Munich University of Applied Sciences
Sister cities[change | change source]
- France Bordeaux (France), since 1964
- United States Cincinnati (Ohio), since 1989
- Scotland Edinburgh (Scotland), since 1954
- Harare (Zimbabwe), since 1996
- Ukraine Kiev (Ukraine), since 1989
- Japan Sapporo (Japan), since 1972
- Italy Verona (Italy), since 1960
Beers from Munich[change | change source]
References[change | change source]
-  Study conducted by INSM (New Social Market Economy Initiative) and WirtschaftsWoche magazine
-  Bundesagentur für Arbeit (Federal agency for work)
- Artikel empfehlen: (27 September 2010). "Endlich amtlich: Köln ist Millionenstadt". Koeln.de. Retrieved 15 September 2011.
- "Munich Literature House: About Us". Retrieved 17 February 2008.
- "Bavaria Film GmbH". Retrieved 17 February 2008.
- "Olympia 2018 in Südkorea, München chancenlos". Die Welt (in German). 6 July 2011. Retrieved 6 July 2011.
Other websites[change | change source]
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Munich.|