Aachen

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Aachen
Aachen
Aachen City Hall (rear)
Aachen City Hall (rear)
Coat of arms of Aachen
Coat of arms
Aachen is located in Germany
Aachen
Aachen
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CountryGermany
StateNorth Rhine-Westphalia
Admin. regionCologne
DistrictUrban district
Government
 • Lord MayorMarcel Philipp (CDU)
 • Governing partiesCDU / SPD / Greens
Area
 • Total160.87 km2 (62.11 sq mi)
Elevation266 m (873 ft)
Population
 • Total258,770
 • Density1,600/km2 (4,200/sq mi)
Time zoneCET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)
Postal codes52062–52080
Dialling codes0241 / 02405 / 02407 / 02408
Vehicle registrationAC
Websitewww.aachen.de
Free Imperial City of Aachen / Aix-la-Chapelle
Freie Reichsstadt Aachen
Free Imperial City of the Holy Roman Empire
1306–1801
Capital Aachen
Government Republic
Historical era Middle Ages
 •  Settlement founded ca 6th millennium BC
 •  Gained Reichsfreiheit 1306
 •  Otto I crowned Emperor 936
 •  Fire devastated city 1656
 •  First Treaty ended
    War of Devolution
 
May 2 1668
 •  Second Treaty ended War
    of Austrian Succession
 
April–May 1748
 •  Annexed by France 1801
 •  Third Treaty handles
    post-Napoleonic France
 
October–November 1818
Succeeded by
Roer (department)

Aachen is a German city in the state of North Rhine-Westphalia. It has about 260,000 inhabitants and a well-known university, the Rheinisch-Westfälische Technische Hochschule (RWTH).

History[change | change source]

The Romans built a spa over hot water springs here in ancient times.

In the Middle Ages, it was the capital city of the Frankish emperor, Charlemagne. The city was called Aix-la-Chapelle by the French.

Aachen Cathedral

Charlemagne ordered the building of a cathedral in 786 AD. He was buried in a tomb in this cathedral. German emperors were crowned in the cathedral in Aachen until 1531.[1]

European countries made two important peace agreements in Aachen. In 1668, the first treaty (agreement) ended the War of Devolution between France and the alliance of England, Holland and Sweden. The treaty allowed France to keep most of the towns it had captured in Flanders the year before. In 1748, the second treaty ended the War of the Austrian Succession. In this war, France, Prussia, and other nations tried to take territory from the Austrian Empire. The treaty said that Maria Theresa of Austria was the ruler of these territories. It also gave Prussia the territory of Silesia.[1]

Since 1972, Aachen has been part of the Cologne Government Region.

References[change | change source]

  1. 1.0 1.1 The new American Desk Encyclopedia. Signet. 1984. p. page 9. ISBN 0-451-12803-6.