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Aachen Cathedral night.jpg
Hauptaltar mit Marienschrein - Innere des Aachener Dom - Aachen - Nordrhein-Westfalen - Deutschland (21776757089).jpgKarlsschrein front side left.jpg
Aachen cathedral octagon ceiling.jpgSt. Michael 4.jpg
St Johann-Baptist 2.jpgAachen Theatre.jpg
Clockwise from top: Aachen Cathedral, Karlsschrein, St Michael's Church (Burtscheid), Aachen Theatre, Aachen tower silhouette, St John's Church (Burtscheid Abbey), Palatine Chapel dome, Aachen Cathedral choir with Marienschrein
Flag of Aachen
Coat of arms of Aachen
Coat of arms
Location of Aachen within Aachen district
Aachen in AC (2009).svg
Aachen is located in Germany
Aachen is located in North Rhine-Westphalia
Coordinates: 50°46′32″N 06°05′01″E / 50.77556°N 6.08361°E / 50.77556; 6.08361Coordinates: 50°46′32″N 06°05′01″E / 50.77556°N 6.08361°E / 50.77556; 6.08361
StateNorth Rhine-Westphalia
Admin. regionCologne
 • Lord MayorSibylle Keupen (Greens)
 • Governing partiesCDU / SPD
 • Total160.85 km2 (62.10 sq mi)
173 m (568 ft)
 • Total244,951
 • Density1,500/km2 (3,900/sq mi)
Time zoneCET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)
Postal codes
Dialling codes0241 / 02405 / 02407 / 02408
Vehicle registrationAC / MON

Aachen (/ˈɑːxən/[3][4] German: [ˈʔaːxn̩] (About this soundlisten); Aachen dialect: Oche [ˈɔːxə]; French and traditional English: Aix-la-Chapelle[a][4][5] French: [ɛks la ʃapɛl]; Latin: Aquae Granni or Aquisgranum; Dutch: Aken) is a German city in the state of North Rhine-Westphalia. It has about 260,000 inhabitants and a well-known university, the Rheinisch-Westfälische Technische Hochschule (RWTH).

History[change | change source]

The Romans built a spa over hot water springs here in ancient times.

In the Middle Ages, it was the capital city of the Frankish emperor, Charlemagne. The city was called Aix-la-Chapelle by the French.

Aachen Cathedral

Charlemagne ordered the building of a cathedral in 786 AD. He was buried in a tomb in this cathedral. German emperors were crowned in the cathedral in Aachen until 1531.[6]

European countries made two important peace agreements in Aachen. In 1668, the first treaty (agreement) ended the War of Devolution between France and the alliance of England, Holland and Sweden. The treaty allowed France to keep most of the towns it had captured in Flanders the year before. In 1748, the second treaty ended the War of the Austrian Succession. In this war, France, Prussia, and other nations tried to take territory from the Austrian Empire. The treaty said that Maria Theresa of Austria was the ruler of these territories. It also gave Prussia the territory of Silesia.

Since 1972, Aachen has been part of the Cologne Government Region.

References[change | change source]

  1. "Alle politisch selbständigen Gemeinden mit ausgewählten Merkmalen am 31.12.2018 (4. Quartal)". DESTATIS. Archived from the original on 10 March 2019. Retrieved 10 March 2019.
  2. "Amtliche Bevölkerungszahlen" (in German). Landesbetrieb Information und Technik NRW. Retrieved 24 February 2018. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  3. "Aachen". Oxford Dictionaries. Oxford University Press. Retrieved 22 January 2019. no-break space character in |work= at position 9 (help)CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  4. 4.0 4.1 "Aachen". Merriam-Webster Dictionary. Retrieved 22 January 2019.
  5. "Aix-la-Chapelle" (US) and "Aix-la-Chapelle". Oxford Dictionaries. Oxford University Press. Retrieved 8 January 2019. no-break space character in |work= at position 9 (help)CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  6. The new American Desk Encyclopedia. Signet. 1984. p. 9. ISBN 0-451-12803-6.

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