Göttingen

From Simple English Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Göttingen
Gänseliesel fountain and pedestrian zone
Gänseliesel fountain and pedestrian zone
Flag of Göttingen
Coat of arms of Göttingen
Location of Göttingen within Göttingen district
Göttingen in GÖ-2016.svg
Göttingen is located in Germany
Göttingen
Göttingen
Göttingen is located in Lower Saxony
Göttingen
Göttingen
Coordinates: 51°32′02″N 09°56′08″E / 51.53389°N 9.93556°E / 51.53389; 9.93556Coordinates: 51°32′02″N 09°56′08″E / 51.53389°N 9.93556°E / 51.53389; 9.93556
CountryGermany
StateLower Saxony
DistrictGöttingen
First mentioned953[1]
Subdivisions18 districts
Government
 • Lord mayorPetra Broistedt (SPD)
Area
 • Total116.89 km2 (45.13 sq mi)
Elevation
150 m (490 ft)
Population
 (2021-12-31)[2]
 • Total116,557
 • Density1,000/km2 (2,600/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+01:00 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+02:00 (CEST)
Postal codes
37001–37085
Dialling codes0551
Vehicle registration
Websitewww.goettingen.de

Göttingen is a city in Germany.[1][3] It is in the state of Lower Saxony.[1][3] Göttingen is known worldwide for its university.[4]

Location[change | change source]

Göttingen is on the Leine river.[1] The city is in the valley of the Leine river.[1] There are mountains to the west and east of Göttingen.

Göttingen is near a center of Germany.[3][5] There are many methods to calculate the center of a country. Göttingen is about 10 mi (16 km) west-south-west of the center of Germany. This center’s location is calculated by the 3D-model of Germany.

People[change | change source]

There live about 130,000 people in Göttingen. There are about 30,000 university students.[3] The university and its hospital are a big employer. Because of this, almost one third of people in Göttingen are there because of the university.[4]

In Germany people must be allowed to stay. In 2020, 29.2% of the people allowed to live in Göttingen had a migration background.[6]

Buildings[change | change source]

Sights[change | change source]

The most known sight is a water spring.[4] The spring has a bronze statue.[4] The statue is a girl.[4] She carries three geese.[4] The sight is called Gänseliesel, 'geese girl'.[4] It is located on a square. The square is in front of the old city hall.

Places of worship[change | change source]

There are many places of worship. There are many churches. There are also synagogues.

Traffic[change | change source]

Göttingen is next to the autobahn number 7. Göttingen has a train station. Many high-speed trains stop at the train station.

Today, there is no airport.[5] During Nazi Germany there was an airport. The airport was for small planes.

Many people use a bicycle.[5] There are many bicycle paths. On some streets bicycles have priority.

Pictures[change | change source]

Sources[change | change source]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 "Göttingen". Encyclopedia Britannica. January 24, 2012. Retrieved December 5, 2022.
  2. "LSN-Online Regionaldatenbank, Tabelle A100001G: Fortschreibung des Bevölkerungsstandes, Stand 31. Dezember 2021" (in German). Landesamt für Statistik Niedersachsen.
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 3.3 "Göttingen". Retrieved December 5, 2022.
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 4.3 4.4 4.5 4.6 Patowary, Kaushik (June 8, 2016). "The Goose Girl of Göttingen". Amusing Planet. Retrieved December 5, 2022.
  5. 5.0 5.1 5.2 Joshi, Nandan. "Goettingen". Retrieved December 5, 2022.
  6. "Welcome brochure City of Goettingen" (PDF). City of Göttingen. January 28, 2022. Retrieved December 5, 2022.

Read also[change | change source]

Media related to Göttingen at Wikimedia Commons