Silesia

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Silesia
Historical region
Flag of {{{official_name}}}
POL województwo dolnośląskie COA.svg
Silesia-map.svg
  Austrian Silesia,
before 1740 Prussian annexation
  Prussian Silesia, 1871
  Oder river
Basemap shows modern national borders.
Coordinates: 51°36′N 17°12′E / 51.6°N 17.2°E / 51.6; 17.2Coordinates: 51°36′N 17°12′E / 51.6°N 17.2°E / 51.6; 17.2
Country
Largest cityWrocław
Area
 • Total40,000 km2 (20,000 sq mi)
Population
 • Totalc. 8,000,000
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)

Silesia (Polish: Śląsk; German: Schlesien; Latin: Silesia; Silesian: Ślůnsk) is a historical region of Poland. Between 17421945, it was the eastern part of Germany and was a Prussian province. In 1945, all of Poland was occupied by the Soviet Red Army. In the following years, the communist occupant enacted laws that in effect chased away the remaining all owners.

Geography[change | change source]

Silesia is along the upper and middle Oder River, upper Vistula River, and along the Sudetes Mountains and the Carpathian Mountains.

The highest point of Silesia is the Śnieżka, in the Sudetes Mountains.

Administrative region of Breslau, 1914

Cities[change | change source]

Below is a list of cities in Silesia with a population of over 20,000 in 2015.

Name Population Area Country Administrative Historic subregion
1
Herb wroclaw.svg
Wrocław 632,067 293 km2 (113 sq mi) Poland POL województwo dolnośląskie flag.svg Lower Silesian Voivodeship Lower Silesia
2
Katowice Herb.svg
Katowice 304,362 165 km2 (64 sq mi) Poland POL województwo śląskie flag.svg Silesian Voivodeship Upper Silesia
3
Ostrava CoA CZ.svg
Ostrava* 287,968 214 km2 (83 sq mi) Czech Republic Flag of Moravian-Silesian Region.svg Moravian-Silesian Region Czech Silesia/Moravia
4
Gliwice herb.svg
Gliwice 185,450 134 km2 (52 sq mi) Poland POL województwo śląskie flag.svg Silesian Voivodeship Upper Silesia
5
POL Zabrze COA.svg
Zabrze 178,357 80 km2 (31 sq mi) Poland POL województwo śląskie flag.svg Silesian Voivodeship Upper Silesia
6
POL Bielsko-Biała COA.svg
Bielsko-Biała* 173,699 125 km2 (48 sq mi) Poland POL województwo śląskie flag.svg Silesian Voivodeship Upper Silesia/Lesser Poland
7
POL Bytom COA.svg
Bytom 173,439 69 km2 (27 sq mi) Poland POL województwo śląskie flag.svg Silesian Voivodeship Upper Silesia
8
POL Ruda Śląska COA.svg
Ruda Śląska 141,521 78 km2 (30 sq mi) Poland POL województwo śląskie flag.svg Silesian Voivodeship Upper Silesia
9
POL Rybnik COA.svg
Rybnik 140,173 148 km2 (57 sq mi) Poland POL województwo śląskie flag.svg Silesian Voivodeship Upper Silesia
10
POL Tychy COA.svg
Tychy 128,799 82 km2 (32 sq mi) Poland POL województwo śląskie flag.svg Silesian Voivodeship Upper Silesia
11
POL Opole COA.svg
Opole 120,146 97 km2 (37 sq mi) Poland POL województwo opolskie flag.svg Opole Voivodeship Upper Silesia
12
POL Zielona Góra COA.svg
Zielona Góra 118,405 58 km2 (22 sq mi) Poland POL województwo lubuskie flag.svg Lubusz Voivodeship Lower Silesia
13
POL Wałbrzych COA.svg
Wałbrzych 117,926 85 km2 (33 sq mi) Poland POL województwo dolnośląskie flag.svg Lower Silesian Voivodeship Lower Silesia
14
Chorzów herb.svg
Chorzów 110,761 33 km2 (13 sq mi) Poland POL województwo śląskie flag.svg Silesian Voivodeship Upper Silesia
15
POL Legnica COA.svg
Legnica 101,992 56 km2 (22 sq mi) Poland POL województwo dolnośląskie flag.svg Lower Silesian Voivodeship Lower Silesia
16
POL Jastrzębie-Zdrój COA.svg
Jastrzębie-Zdrój 91,235 85 km2 (33 sq mi) Poland POL województwo śląskie flag.svg Silesian Voivodeship Upper Silesia
17
POL Jelenia Góra COA 1.svg
Jelenia Góra 81,985 109 km2 (42 sq mi) Poland POL województwo dolnośląskie flag.svg Lower Silesian Voivodeship Lower Silesia
18
POL Mysłowice COA.svg
Mysłowice 75,129 66 km2 (25 sq mi) Poland POL województwo śląskie flag.svg Silesian Voivodeship Upper Silesia
19
POL Lubin COA.svg
Lubin 74,053 41 km2 (16 sq mi) Poland POL województwo dolnośląskie flag.svg Lower Silesian Voivodeship Lower Silesia
20
Havirov CoA.png
Havířov 71,200 32 km2 (12 sq mi) Czech Republic Flag of Moravian-Silesian Region.svg Moravian-Silesian Region Czech Silesia
21
POL Głogów COA.svg
Głogów 68,997 35 km2 (14 sq mi) Poland POL województwo dolnośląskie flag.svg Lower Silesian Voivodeship Lower Silesia
22
POL Siemianowice COA.svg
Siemianowice Śląskie 68,844 25 km2 (10 sq mi) Poland POL województwo śląskie flag.svg Silesian Voivodeship Upper Silesia
23
POL Kędzierzyn-Koźle COA.svg
Kędzierzyn-Koźle 63,194 124 km2 (48 sq mi) Poland POL województwo opolskie flag.svg Opole Voivodeship Upper Silesia
24
POL Żory COA.svg
Żory 62,038 65 km2 (25 sq mi) Poland POL województwo śląskie flag.svg Silesian Voivodeship Upper Silesia
25
Herb TarnowskieGory.svg
Tarnowskie Góry 60,957 84 km2 (32 sq mi) Poland POL województwo śląskie flag.svg Silesian Voivodeship Upper Silesia
26
POL Świdnica COA.svg
Świdnica 59,182 22 km2 (8 sq mi) Poland POL województwo dolnośląskie flag.svg Lower Silesian Voivodeship Lower Silesia
27
Opava CoA.svg
Opava 57,676 91 km2 (35 sq mi) Czech Republic Flag of Moravian-Silesian Region.svg Moravian-Silesian Region Czech Silesia
28
POL Piekary Śląskie COA.svg
Piekary Śląskie 57,148 40 km2 (15 sq mi) Poland POL województwo śląskie flag.svg Silesian Voivodeship Upper Silesia
29
Frýdek Místek CoA CZ.svg
Frýdek-Místek* 56,450 52 km2 (20 sq mi) Czech Republic Flag of Moravian-Silesian Region.svg Moravian-Silesian Region Czech Silesia/Moravia
30
POL Racibórz COA.svg
Racibórz 55,930 75 km2 (29 sq mi) Poland POL województwo śląskie flag.svg Silesian Voivodeship Upper Silesia
31
Wappen Goerlitz vector.svg
Görlitz** 55,255 68 km2 (26 sq mi) Germany Saxony Free State of Saxony Historically part of Lusatia, Görlitz was considered part of Lower Silesia in years 1319–1329 and 1815–1945
32
Karwina herb.svg
Karviná 52,128 57 km2 (22 sq mi) Czech Republic Flag of Moravian-Silesian Region.svg Moravian-Silesian Region Czech Silesia
33
POL Świętochłowice COA.svg
Świętochłowice 51,824 13 km2 (5 sq mi) Poland POL województwo śląskie flag.svg Silesian Voivodeship Upper Silesia
34
POL Wodzisław Śląski COA.svg
Wodzisław Śląski 48,731 50 km2 (19 sq mi) Poland POL województwo śląskie flag.svg Silesian Voivodeship Upper Silesia
35
POL Nysa COA.svg
Nysa 44,899 27 km2 (10 sq mi) Poland POL województwo opolskie flag.svg Opole Voivodeship Lower Silesia
36
POL Mikołów COA.svg
Mikołów 39,776 79 km2 (31 sq mi) Poland POL województwo śląskie flag.svg Silesian Voivodeship Upper Silesia
37
POL Nowa Sól COA.svg
Nowa Sól 39,721 22 km2 (8 sq mi) Poland POL województwo lubuskie flag.svg Lubusz Voivodeship Lower Silesia
38
POL Bolesławiec COA 1.svg
Bolesławiec 39,603 24 km2 (9 sq mi) Poland POL województwo dolnośląskie flag.svg Lower Silesian Voivodeship Lower Silesia
39
Herb Knurów-2018.png
Knurów 39,090 34 km2 (13 sq mi) Poland POL województwo śląskie flag.svg Silesian Voivodeship Upper Silesia
40
POL Oleśnica COA.svg
Oleśnica 37,303 21 km2 (8 sq mi) Poland POL województwo dolnośląskie flag.svg Lower Silesian Voivodeship Lower Silesia
41
POL Brzeg COA.svg
Brzeg 36,980 15 km2 (6 sq mi) Poland POL województwo opolskie flag.svg Opole Voivodeship Lower Silesia
42
POL Cieszyn COA.svg
Cieszyn 35,918 29 km2 (11 sq mi) Poland POL województwo śląskie flag.svg Silesian Voivodeship Upper Silesia
43
POL Czechowice-Dziedzice COA.svg
Czechowice-Dziedzice 35,684 33 km2 (13 sq mi) Poland POL województwo śląskie flag.svg Silesian Voivodeship Upper Silesia
44
Coat of arms of Třinec.svg
Třinec 35,002 85 km2 (33 sq mi) Czech Republic Flag of Moravian-Silesian Region.svg Moravian-Silesian Region Czech Silesia
45
POL Dzierżoniów COA.svg
Dzierżoniów 34,428 20 km2 (8 sq mi) Poland POL województwo dolnośląskie flag.svg Lower Silesian Voivodeship Lower Silesia
46
Wappen Hoyerswerda.PNG
Hoyerswerda/Wojerecy** 33,843 96 km2 (37 sq mi) Germany Saxony Free State of Saxony Historically part of Lusatia, Hoyerswerda was considered part of Lower Silesia in years 1825–1945
47
POL Oława COA.svg
Oława 32,240 27 km2 (10 sq mi) Poland POL województwo dolnośląskie flag.svg Lower Silesian Voivodeship Lower Silesia
48
POL Zgorzelec COA.svg
Zgorzelec** 31,890 16 km2 (6 sq mi) Poland POL województwo dolnośląskie flag.svg Lower Silesian Voivodeship Historically part of Lusatia, Zgorzelec was considered part of Lower Silesia in years 1319–1329 and 1815–1945
49
POL Bielawa COA.svg
Bielawa 31,186 36 km2 (14 sq mi) Poland POL województwo dolnośląskie flag.svg Lower Silesian Voivodeship Lower Silesia
50
POL Kluczbork COA.svg
Kluczbork 24,207 12 km2 (5 sq mi) Poland POL województwo opolskie flag.svg Opole Voivodeship Lower Silesia
51
POL Lubliniec COA.svg
Lubliniec 24,105 89 km2 (34 sq mi) Poland POL województwo śląskie flag.svg Silesian Voivodeship Upper Silesia
52
Krnov znak.png
Krnov 24,079 44 km2 (17 sq mi) Czech Republic Flag of Moravian-Silesian Region.svg Moravian-Silesian Region Czech Silesia
53
POL Jawor COA.svg
Jawor 23,650 19 km2 (7 sq mi) Poland POL województwo dolnośląskie flag.svg Lower Silesian Voivodeship Lower Silesia
54
POL Żagań COA.svg
Żagań 23,235 40 km2 (15 sq mi) Poland POL województwo lubuskie flag.svg Lubusz Voivodeship Lower Silesia
55
POL Świebodzice COA.svg
Świebodzice 23,197 30 km2 (12 sq mi) Poland POL województwo dolnośląskie flag.svg Lower Silesian Voivodeship Lower Silesia
56
POL Nowa Ruda COA.svg
Nowa Ruda 22,823 37 km2 (14 sq mi) Poland POL województwo dolnośląskie flag.svg Lower Silesian Voivodeship Lower Silesia
57
POL Polkowice COA old.svg
Polkowice 22,535 24 km2 (9 sq mi) Poland POL województwo dolnośląskie flag.svg Lower Silesian Voivodeship Lower Silesia
58
POL Łaziska Górne COA.svg
Łaziska Górne 22,413 21 km2 (8 sq mi) Poland POL województwo śląskie flag.svg Silesian Voivodeship Upper Silesia
59
POL Świebodzin COA.svg
Świebodzin 21,963 11 km2 (4 sq mi) Poland POL województwo lubuskie flag.svg Lubusz Voivodeship Lower Silesia
60
POL Rydułtowy COA.svg
Rydułtowy 21,741 15 km2 (6 sq mi) Poland POL województwo śląskie flag.svg Silesian Voivodeship Upper Silesia
61
POL Prudnik COA.svg
Prudnik 21,472 21 km2 (8 sq mi) Poland POL województwo opolskie flag.svg Opole Voivodeship Upper Silesia
62
Bohumin CoA CZ.svg
Bohumín 21,340 31 km2 (12 sq mi) Czech Republic Flag of Moravian-Silesian Region.svg Moravian-Silesian Region Czech Silesia

* Only partly in Silesia

Famous people[change | change source]

There are many famous people who were born in Silesia:

Gallery[change | change source]

Other websites[change | change source]