Oder River

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Coordinates: 53°40′19″N 14°31′25″E / 53.67194°N 14.52361°E / 53.67194; 14.52361
Oder (Odra)
Oder bei Kienitz.JPG
The Oder River, seen between Kienitz and Zollbrücke in Germany
Countries Czech Republic, Poland, Germany
 - location Oderské vrchy, Silesia, Czech Republic
Mouth Szczecin Lagoon
 - location Baltic Sea, Poland
 - coordinates 53°40′19″N 14°31′25″E / 53.67194°N 14.52361°E / 53.67194; 14.52361
Length 854 km (531 mi)
Basin 118,861 km² (45,892 sq mi)
Discharge mouth
 - average 574 /s (20,271 cu ft/s)
A map of the Oder River
A map of the Oder River

The Oder River (German: Oder; Czech/Polish: Odra) is a river in Central Europe. It starts in the Czech Republic and flows through Poland and Germany. It forms 187 kilometers of the border between Poland and Germany. The river is 854 kilometres long and ends in the Szczecin Lagoon in the Baltic Sea.

Some bigger towns the Oder passes are Wrocław, Eisenhüttenstadt, Frankfurt on the Oder, Szczecin and Police. The biggest city on the Oder River is Wrocław, in Lower Silesia, Poland.

Names[change | change source]

The Oder River has different names in different languages. Most of these names are very similar, or almost the same:

These names come from the Latin language names. In Medieval Latin the river was called Od(d)era. In Renaissance Latin, which was invented in 1534, the river was called Viadrus.

In the Old Church Slavonic language, the name of the river was Vjodr.[1]

Geography[change | change source]

The Oder is 854 km long. 112 km pass through the Czech Republic. 742 km pass through Poland. 187 km make up part of the border between Germany and Poland.

The Oder is the second-longest river in Poland. (The Vistula is the longest river.)

It begins in a watershed in the Oder Mountains that is 118,861 km².[2] This basin is mostly in Poland, but a little bit is in the Czech Republic and Germany. The river runs through five voivodeships in Poland, and two states in Germany.

The river ends in the Szczecin Lagoon near Police, Poland. Here the Oder splits into three other rivers: the Dziwna River, the Świna River, and the Peene River. These three rivers start in Szczecin Lagoon and end Bay of Pomerania in the Baltic Sea.

The biggest city on the Oder River is Wrocław in Lower Silesia, Poland.

Cities[change | change source]

The Oder River in Szczecin, Poland

The Oder passes through 28 major cities and towns. These are:

OstravaBohumínRacibórzKędzierzyn-KoźleKrapkowiceOpoleBrzegOławaJelcz-LaskowiceWrocławBrzeg DolnyŚcinawaSzlichtyngowaGłogówBytom OdrzańskiNowa SólKrosno OdrzańskieEisenhüttenstadtFrankfurt (Oder)SłubiceKostrzynCedyniaSchwedtVierradenGartzGryfinoSzczecinPolice

After the river splits, the Dziwna River branch passes through 3 towns:

WolinKamień PomorskiDziwnów

The Świna River branch passes through:


The Peene River branch passes through:


These towns sit on the Szczecin Lagoon:

Nowe WarpnoUeckermünde

Related pages[change | change source]

References[change | change source]

  1. "Encyclopædia Britannica's 9th edition 1870–1890: Oder". Archived from the original on 2013-05-06. Retrieved 2011-05-15.
  2. "Oder River." Encyclopædia Britannica. Encyclopædia Britannica Online. Encyclopædia Britannica, 2011. Web. 15 May. 2011. <http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/425072/Oder-River>.