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State of Germany
Flag of Brandenburg
Coat of arms of Brandenburg
Coat of arms
Location of Brandenburg in Germany
Location of Brandenburg in Germany
Country Germany
Capital Potsdam
 • Minister President Dietmar Woidke (SPD)
 • Governing parties SPD / Linke
 • Total 29,479 km2 (11,382 sq mi)
 • Total 2,548,200
 • Density 86/km2 (220/sq mi)
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)

Brandenburg is a state (Bundesland) in Germany. It has been a state since 1990. It is 29,056 km² in area. It has about 2.6 million inhabitants.

Until 1945 it was the biggest province in Prussia, with 38,278 km² and 3 million inhabitants. From 1949 to 1952 it was a state in the German Democratic Republic. In 1952 it became divided into three Bezirke (Potsdam, Frankfurt and Cottbus). The capital of Brandenburg is Potsdam.

Berlin is in the middle of Brandenburg. But it is not part of Brandenburg. It is a city state.

History of Brandenburg[change | change source]

  • 1373 Karl IV bought Brandenburg for his sons from the Wittelsbacher
  • 1539 Protestant Reformation
  • 1618 United with Prussia
  • 1815 Brandenburg became a province in Prussia
  • 1945 Brandenburg lost 32% to Poland
  • 1949 State in East Germany
  • 1952 Divided into three Bezirke (Districts)
  • 1990 State of the reunited Germany

Administration[change | change source]

Brandenburg is divided into fourteen Kreise (districts):

Also Brandenburg has four Kreisfreie Städte (district-free city):

List of Minister-Presidents of Brandenburg[change | change source]

Cities and counties in Brandenburg[change | change source]

The capital, Potsdam

Brandenburg is divided into fourteen (rural) counties (Landkreise),


  1. Barnim
  2. Dahme-Spreewald
  3. Elbe-Elster
  4. Havelland
  5. Märkisch-Oderland
  6. Oberhavel
  7. Oberspreewald-Lausitz
  1. Oder-Spree
  2. Ostprignitz-Ruppin
  3. Potsdam-Mittelmark
  4. Prignitz
  5. Spree-Neiße
  6. Teltow-Fläming
  7. Uckermark

and four urban districts (kreisfreie Städte),

  1. Brandenburg an der Havel
  2. Cottbus
  3. Frankfurt (Oder)
  4. Potsdam