List of governors of Texas

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Governor of Texas
Seal of the Governor of Texas.svg
Gubernatorial seal
Flag of the Governor of Texas.svg
Gubernatorial standard
Greg Abbott 2015.jpg
Incumbent
Greg Abbott

since January 20, 2015
Style
ResidenceTexas Governor's Mansion
Term lengthFour years, no term limit
Inaugural holderJames Pinckney Henderson
1846
FormationTexas Constitution
Salary$150,000 (2013)[1]
WebsiteOfficial website Edit this at Wikidata

The governor of Texas is the chief executive of the U.S. State of Texas, the presiding officer over the executive branch of the Government of Texas, and the commander-in-chief of the Texas National Guard, the state's militia.

Governors of Texas[change | change source]

Number of governors of Texas by party affiliation
Party Governors
  Democratic 39
  Republican 7
  Unionist 1
  Independent 1
  Military 1
# Governor Term in office Party Election Prior office Lt. Governor
1 James Pinckney Henderson-p.jpg   James Pinckney Henderson
March 31, 1808 – June 4, 1858
February 19, 1846

December 21, 1847
Democratic 1845 Minister to England and France Republic of Texas
(1837–1840)
  Albert Clinton Horton
2 George wood.jpg   George T. Wood
March 12, 1795 – September 3, 1858
December 21, 1847

December 21, 1849
Democratic 1847 Texas state senator
(1846–1847)
  John Alexander Greer
3 Peter bell.jpg   Peter Hansborough Bell
May 11, 1810 – March 8, 1898
December 21, 1849

November 23, 1853
Democratic 1849 Lieutenant colonel of the Second Regiment Texas Mounted Volunteers
(1845–1849)
1851
[2]
  James W. Henderson
[3]
4 James w henderson.jpg   James W. Henderson
August 15, 1817 – August 30, 1880
November 23, 1853

December 21, 1853
Democratic 3rd lieutenant governor of Texas
(1851–1853)
Office vacant
5 Elisha pease.jpg   Elisha M. Pease
January 3, 1812 – August 26, 1883
December 21, 1853

December 21, 1857
Unionist 1853 Texas state senator
(1849–1851)
  David Catchings Dickson
1855   Hardin Richard Runnels
6 Hardin runnels.jpg   Hardin R. Runnels
August 30, 1820 – December 25, 1873
December 21, 1857

December 21, 1859
Democratic 1857 3rd lieutenant governor of Texas
(1855–1857)
  Francis Lubbock
7 Sam Houston c1850-crop.jpg   Sam Houston
March 2, 1793 – July 26, 1863
December 21, 1859

March 16, 1861
Independent 1859
[4]
U.S. senator from Texas
(1846–1859)
  Edward Clark
[3]
8 Edward clark.jpg   Edward Clark
April 1, 1815 – May 4, 1880
March 16, 1861

November 7, 1861
Democratic 7th Llieutenant governor of Texas
(1859–1861)
Office vacant
9 Francis lubbock.jpg   Francis Lubbock
October 16, 1815 – June 22, 1905
November 7, 1861

November 5, 1863
Democratic 1861 6th lieutenant governor of Texas
(1857–1859)
  John McClannahan Crockett
10 Pendleton murrah.jpg   Pendleton Murrah
1824 or 1826 – August 4, 1865
November 5, 1863

June 17, 1865
Democratic 1863
[5]
Texas state representative
(1857)
  Fletcher Summerfield Stockdale
[6]
- FLETCHER STOCKDALE.PNG   Fletcher Summerfield Stockdale
1823 or 1825 – February 4, 1890
June 11, 1865

June 16, 1865
Military 9th lieutenant governor of Texas
(1863–1865)
Office vacant
11 Andrew Jackson Hamilton.jpg   Andrew Jackson Hamilton
January 28, 1815 – April 11, 1875
June 16, 1865

August 9, 1866
[7]
Democratic-Military Texas state senator-elect
(1861)
12 James W. Throckmorton - Brady-Handy.jpg   James W. Throckmorton
February 1, 1825 – April 21, 1894
August 9, 1866

August 8, 1867
Democratic 1866
[8]
Captain of the 6th Texas Cavalry Regiment Confederate Army
(1861–1863)
  George Washington Jones
13 Elisha pease.jpg   Elisha M. Pease
January 3, 1812 – August 26, 1883
August 8, 1867

September 30, 1869
[8][9]
Republican 5th governor of Texas
(1853–1857)
Office vacant
14 Edmund Davis.jpg   Edmund J. Davis
October 2, 1827 – February 7, 1883
January 8, 1870

January 15, 1874
Republican 1869
[10]
Brigadier General of the First Texas Cavalry Regiment Union Army
(1862–1865)
15 Richard Coke - Brady-Handy.jpg   Richard Coke
March 18, 1829 – May 14, 1897
January 15, 1874

December 1, 1876
Democratic 1873 Associate Justice of the Texas Supreme Court
(1866–1867)
  Richard B. Hubbard
[3]
1876
[11]
16 Richard hubbard.jpg   Richard B. Hubbard
November 1, 1832 – July 12, 1901
December 1, 1876

January 21, 1879
Democratic 16th llieutenant governor of Texas
(1874–1876)
Office vacant
17 Oran roberts.jpg   Oran Milo Roberts
July 9, 1815 – May 19, 1898
January 21, 1879

January 16, 1883
Democratic 1878 7th chief justice of the Texas Supreme Court
(1874–1879)
  Joseph D. Sayers
1880   Leonidas Jefferson Storey
18 John ireland.jpg   John Ireland
January 1, 1827 – March 15, 1896
January 16, 1883

January 18, 1887
Democratic 1882 Associate Justice of the Texas Supreme Court
(1875–1876)
  Francis Marion Martin
1884   Barnett Gibbs
19 Lawrence Sullivan "Sul" Ross.jpg   Lawrence Sullivan "Sul" Ross
September 27, 1838 – January 3, 1898
January 18, 1887

January 20, 1891
Democratic 1886 Texas state senator
(1881–1883)
  Thomas Benton Wheeler
1888
20 Jim hogg.jpg   Jim Hogg
March 24, 1851 – March 3, 1906
January 20, 1891

January 15, 1895
Democratic 1890 21st attorney general of Texas
(1887–1891)
  George Cassety Pendleton
1892   Martin McNulty Crane
21 Charles Allen Culberson.jpg   Charles A. Culberson
June 10, 1855 – March 19, 1925
January 15, 1895

January 17, 1899
Democratic 1894 22nd attorney general of Texas
(1891–1895)
  George Taylor Jester
1896
22   Joseph D. Sayers
September 23, 1841 – May 15, 1929
January 17, 1899

January 20, 1903
Democratic 1898 U.S. representative for Texas' 9th district
(1893–1899)
  James Browning
1900
23 Swtlanham.jpg   S. W. T. Lanham
July 4, 1846 – July 29, 1908
January 20, 1903

January 15, 1907
Democratic 1902 U.S. representative for Texas' 8th district
(1897–1903)
  George D. Neal
1904
24 T.M. Campbell, Governor, Bain portrait bust.jpg   Thomas Mitchell Campbell
April 22, 1856 – April 1, 1923
January 15, 1907

January 17, 1911
Democratic 1906 General Manager of the Railroad
(1892–1897)
  Asbury Bascom Davidson
1908
25 Oscar Branch Colquitt.jpg   Oscar Branch Colquitt
December 16, 1861 – March 8, 1940
January 17, 1911

January 19, 1915
Democratic 1910 Texas railroad commissioner
(1903–1911)
1912   William Harding Mayes
26 James E. Ferguson.jpg   James E. "Pa" Ferguson
August 31, 1871 – September 21, 1944
January 19, 1915

August 25, 1917
Democratic 1914 Local banker
(since 1906)
  William P. Hobby
[12]
1916
[13]
27 William hobby.jpg   William P. Hobby
March 26, 1878 – June 7, 1964
August 25, 1917

January 18, 1921
Democratic 24th lieutenant governor of Texas
(1915–1917)
Office vacant
1918   Willard Arnold Johnson
28 PatMNeff.jpg   Pat Morris Neff
November 26, 1871 – January 20, 1952
January 18, 1921

January 20, 1925
Democratic 1920 Texas state representative
(1899–1903)
  Lynch Davidson
1922   Thomas Whitfield Davidson
29 Miriam A. Ferguson.jpg   Miriam A. "Ma" Ferguson
June 13, 1875 – June 25, 1961
January 20, 1925

January 18, 1927
Democratic 1924 First Lady of Texas
(1915–1917)
  Barry Miller
30 DanMoody.jpg   Dan Moody
June 1, 1893 – May 22, 1966
January 18, 1927

January 20, 1931
Democratic 1926 32nd attorney general of Texas
(1931–1935)
1928
31 Ross Sterling.png   Ross S. Sterling
February 11, 1875 – March 25, 1949
January 20, 1931

January 17, 1933
Democratic 1930 Chairman of the Texas Highway Commission
(1930)
  Edgar E. Witt
32 Miriam A. Ferguson.jpg   Miriam A. "Ma" Ferguson
June 13, 1875 – June 25, 1961
January 17, 1933

January 15, 1935
Democratic 1932 29th governor of Texas
(1925–1927)
33 James Allred.png   James Allred
March 29, 1899 – September 24, 1959
January 15, 1935

January 17, 1939
Democratic 1934 35th attorney general of Texas
(1931–1935)
  Walter Frank Woodul
1936
34 Wilbert Lee O'Daniel.jpg   Wilbert Lee "Pappy" O'Daniel
March 11, 1890 – May 11, 1969
January 17, 1939

August 4, 1941
Democratic 1938 President of the Fort Worth Chamber of Commerce
(1933–1934)
  Coke R. Stevenson
[12]
1940
[14]
35 Coke R. Stevenson.jpg   Coke R. Stevenson
March 20, 1888 – June 28, 1975
August 4, 1941

January 21, 1947
Democratic 31st lieutenant governor of Texas
(1939–1941)
Office vacant
1942   John Lee Smith
1944
36 Beauford H. Jester.jpg   Beauford H. Jester
January 12, 1893 – July 11, 1949
January 21, 1947

July 11, 1949
Democratic 1946 Member of the Texas Railroad Commission
(1943–1947)
  Allan Shivers
[12]
1948
[15]
37 Allan Shivers.jpg   Allan Shivers
October 5, 1907 – January 14, 1985
July 11, 1949

January 15, 1957
Democratic 33rd lieutenant governor of Texas
(1947–1949)
Office vacant
1950   Ben Ramsey
1952
1954
38 Price Daniel.jpg   Price Daniel
October 10, 1910 – August 25, 1988
January 15, 1957

January 15, 1963
Democratic 1956 U.S. senator from Texas
(1953–1957)
1958
1960
Office vacant
39 John Connally.jpg   John Connally
February 27, 1917 – June 15, 1993
January 15, 1963

January 21, 1969
Democratic 1962 56th United States secretary of the Navy
(1961)
  Preston Smith
1964
1966
40 Governor Preston Smith (cropped).jpg   Preston Smith
March 8, 1912 – October 18, 2003
January 21, 1969

January 16, 1973
Democratic 1968 35th lieutenant governor of Texas
(1963–1969)
  Ben Barnes
1970
41 Dolph Briscoe, 1976.jpg   Dolph Briscoe
April 23, 1923 – June 27, 2010
January 16, 1973

January 16, 1979
Democratic 1972 Texas state representative
(1949–1957)
  William P. Hobby Jr.
1974
42 Bill Clements.jpg   Bill Clements
April 13, 1917 – May 29, 2011
January 16, 1979

January 18, 1983
Republican 1978 15th United States deputy secretary of defense
(1973–1977)
43 Governor Mark White.jpg   Mark White
March 17, 1940 – August 5, 2017
January 18, 1983

January 20, 1987
Democratic 1982 46th attorney general of Texas
(1979–1983)
44 Bill Clements.jpg   Bill Clements
April 13, 1917 – May 29, 2011
January 20, 1987

January 15, 1991
Republican 1986 42nd governor of Texas
(1979–1983)
45 Ann Richards, Governor of Texas.jpg   Ann Richards
September 1, 1933 – September 13, 2006
January 15, 1991

January 17, 1995
Democratic 1990 Treasurer of Texas
(1983–1991)
  Bob Bullock
46 GeorgeWBush.jpg   George W. Bush
July 6, 1946
January 17, 1995

December 21, 2000
Republican 1994 Managing general partner of the Texas Rangers
(1989–1994)
1998
[16]
  Rick Perry
47 Rick Perry by Gage Skidmore 3 (cropped).jpg   Rick Perry
March 4, 1950
December 21, 2000

January 20, 2015
Republican 39th lieutenant governor of Texas
(1999–2000)
  Bill Ratliff
2002   David Dewhurst
2006
2010
48 Greg Abbott crop.jpg   Greg Abbott
November 13, 1957
January 20, 2015

Incumbent
Republican 2014 50th attorney general of Texas
(2002–2015)
  Dan Patrick
2018
[17]

References[change | change source]

  1. "CSG Releases 2013 Governor Salaries". The Council of State Governments. June 25, 2013. Retrieved November 23, 2014.
  2. Resigned to take an elected seat in the U.S. House of Representatives.
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 As lieutenant governor, filled an unexpired term
  4. Evicted from office due to his refusal to swear an oath to the Confederate States of America.
  5. Fled Austin as it fell to Union forces.
  6. NGA says he was Lt. Gov who served as Gov after Murrah fled Texas.
  7. Provisional military governor.
  8. 8.0 8.1 James Throckmorton was removed from office by General Philip Sheridan, and Elisha Pease installed in his place.
  9. Resigned due to disagreements with General Joseph Reynolds.
  10. Elected in a special election held under military direction.
  11. Resigned to take an elected seat in the U.S. Senate.
  12. 12.0 12.1 12.2 As lieutenant governor, filled unexpired term, and was subsequently elected in their own right.
  13. Resigned due to the legislature bringing impeachment proceedings against him.
  14. Resigned after winning the Democratic primary for a U.S. Senate seat; he won the election.
  15. Died in office.
  16. Resigned to be U.S. President.
  17. Abbott's second term began on January 15, 2019 and will expire on January 17, 2023.