Houston

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Houston, Texas
City of Houston
Houston montage.jpg
Flag of Houston, Texas
Flag
Nickname(s): 
Space City
Location within Harris County
Location within Harris County
Houston is located in Texas
Houston
Houston
Location within Texas
Houston is located in the United States
Houston
Houston
Location within the United States
Houston is located in North America
Houston
Houston
Location within North America
Coordinates: 29°45′46″N 95°22′59″W / 29.76278°N 95.38306°W / 29.76278; -95.38306Coordinates: 29°45′46″N 95°22′59″W / 29.76278°N 95.38306°W / 29.76278; -95.38306
CountryUnited States
StateTexas
CountiesHarris
Fort Bend
Montgomery
IncorporatedJune 5, 1837
Government
 • MayorSylvester Turner (D)
Area
 • City601.7 sq mi (1,558 km2)
 • Land579.4 sq mi (1,501 km2)
 • Water22.3 sq mi (57.7 km2)
Elevation
43 ft (13 m)
Population
 (2007)[1][2]
 • City2,242,193
 • Density3,828/sq mi (1,471/km2)
 • Urban
3,822,509
 • Metro
5,728,143
 • Demonym
Houstonian
 (4th U.S., 6th Metro U.S.)
Time zoneUTC-6 (CST)
 • Summer (DST)UTC-5 (CDT)
Area code(s)713, 281, 832
FIPS code48-35000[3]
GNIS feature ID1380948[4]
Websitehoustontx.gov

Houston is the largest city in the state of Texas. It is the fourth-largest city in the United States. As of 2019, it had a population of over 2 million people. Sylvester Turner became the mayor of Houston in 2015 is. Houston is named for Sam Houston, who fought for Texas freedom in 1836. It is well known for the Johnson Space Center of NASA.

Houston is known for having the largest medical center and complex in the world, the Texas Medical Center.

George Bush Intercontinental Airport is the main international airport serving Houston, and William P. Hobby Airport is the other international airport that is serving close to downtown Houston.

Houston is often called a black mecca for African Americans.[source?] Enslaved African-Americans living near Houston worked on sugar and cotton plantations. Only Atlanta, Georgia has more African Americans per square miles.

Sports[change | change source]

Houston has many sports teams, including the Astros, Texans, Rockets, and Houston Dynamo. The Astros play baseball, the Rockets play basketball, the Texans play American Football, and the Houston Dynamo play soccer.

Climate[change | change source]

Houston has a humid subtropical climate (Cfa in the Koeppen climate classification).

References[change | change source]

  1. "US Census Bureau Population Finder: Houston city, TX". United States Census. Retrieved 2009-03-28.
  2. "Population Estimates for the 25 Largest U.S. Cities based on July 1, 2006 Population Estimates" (PDF). www.census.gov. Retrieved 2009-03-28.
  3. "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  4. "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31.