Birmingham, Alabama

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Birmingham, Alabama
City of Birmingham
Birmingham panorama.jpg
Flag of Birmingham, Alabama
Flag
Nickname(s): 
"The Magic City" or "Pittsburgh of the South"
Location in Jefferson County in the state of Alabama
Location in Jefferson County in the state of Alabama
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CountryUnited States
StateAlabama
CountiesJefferson, Shelby
IncorporatedDecember 19, 1871
Government
 • TypeMayor - Council
 • MayorRandall Woodfin
Area
 • City151.9 sq mi (393.5 km2)
 • Land149.9 sq mi (388.3 km2)
 • Water2.0 sq mi (5.3 km2)
Elevation
614 ft (140 m)
Population
(2006)
 • City229,424
 • Density1,510.0/sq mi (583.03/km2)
 • Metro
1,100,019
Time zoneUTC-6 (CST)
 • Summer (DST)UTC-5 (CDT)
Area code(s)205
Websitehttp://www.informationbirmingham.com/

Birmingham is a city in the American state of Alabama. It is the county seat of Jefferson County. Birmingham is the largest city in Alabama by population. The city has a population of about 230,000 people[1] and a metropolitan population of over 1 million. It has an area of about 152 square miles (394 km²) and an elevation of 614 feet (140 m).

History[change | change source]

Birmingham was founded in 1871. Three smaller towns came together to make one, which grew into a large town. It was named after Birmingham, England, a British industrial city. The Alabama city is famous for its iron ore, coal, and limestone, which are used in making steel.

Birmingham Sunday[change | change source]

Birmingham became famous around the world when a bomb exploded in the Sixteenth Street Baptist Church on Sunday September 15, 1963. Four young black girls were killed. A member of the Ku Klux Klan was charged for the bombing many years later. Richard Farina wrote a sad song called "Birmingham Sunday" in 1964 to the tune of "I Love A Lass".[2] It has been recorded by several singers, including Joan Baez.

References[change | change source]

  1. "Annual Estimates of the Population for Incorporated Places in Alabama, Listed Alphabetically: April 1, 2000 to July 1, 2006" (CSV). 2007 Population Estimates. U.S. Census Bureau, Population Division. 2007-06-28. Retrieved 2007-06-28.
  2. Helfert, Manfred. "History in Song, Birmingham Sunday". Retrieved 2008-07-21.