Birmingham, Alabama

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Birmingham, Alabama
City of Birmingham
Birmingham panorama.jpg
Flag of Birmingham, Alabama
"The Magic City" or "Pittsburgh of the South"
Location in Jefferson County in the state of Alabama
Location in Jefferson County in the state of Alabama
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CountryUnited States
CountiesJefferson, Shelby
IncorporatedDecember 19, 1871
 • TypeMayor - Council
 • MayorRandall Woodfin
 • City151.9 sq mi (393.5 km2)
 • Land149.9 sq mi (388.3 km2)
 • Water2.0 sq mi (5.3 km2)
614 ft (140 m)
 • City229,424
 • Density1,510.0/sq mi (583.03/km2)
 • Metro
Time zoneUTC-6 (CST)
 • Summer (DST)UTC-5 (CDT)
Area code(s)205

Birmingham is a city in the American state of Alabama. It is the county seat of Jefferson County. Birmingham is the largest city in Alabama by population. The city has a population of about 230,000 people[1] and a metropolitan population of over 1 million. It has an area of about 152 square miles (394 km²) and an elevation of 614 feet (140 m).

History[change | change source]

Birmingham was founded in 1871. Three smaller towns came together to make one, which grew into a large town. It was named after Birmingham, England, a British industrial city. The Alabama city is famous for its iron ore, coal, and limestone, which are used in making steel.

Birmingham Sunday[change | change source]

Birmingham became famous around the world when a bomb exploded in the Sixteenth Street Baptist Church on Sunday September 15, 1963. Four young black girls were killed. A member of the Ku Klux Klan was charged for the bombing many years later. Richard Farina wrote a sad song called "Birmingham Sunday" in 1964 to the tune of "I Love A Lass".[2] It has been recorded by several singers, including Joan Baez.

References[change | change source]

  1. "Annual Estimates of the Population for Incorporated Places in Alabama, Listed Alphabetically: April 1, 2000 to July 1, 2006" (CSV). 2007 Population Estimates. U.S. Census Bureau, Population Division. 2007-06-28. Retrieved 2007-06-28.
  2. Helfert, Manfred. "History in Song, Birmingham Sunday". Retrieved 2008-07-21.