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City of Birmingham
Borough & City
A montage of Birmingham
A montage of Birmingham
Coat of arms of City of Birmingham
Coat of arms
Nickname(s): "Second City", "Brum", "Brummagem", "Workshop of the World"
Motto: "Forward"
Birmingham shown in England
Birmingham shown in England
Coordinates: 52°28′59″N 1°53′37″W / 52.48306°N 1.89361°W / 52.48306; -1.89361Coordinates: 52°28′59″N 1°53′37″W / 52.48306°N 1.89361°W / 52.48306; -1.89361
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Constituent country England
Region West Midlands
Ceremonial county West Midlands
Admin HQ Birmingham City Centre
Founded 6th Century
Seigneurial borough 1166
City status 1889
 • Type Metropolitan borough, City
 • Governing body Birmingham City Council
 • Lord Mayor Shafique Shah
 • MPs: Richard Burden (L)
Liam Byrne (L)
Jack Dromey (L)
Roger Godsiff (L)
Khalid Mahmood (L)
Shabana Mahmood (L)
Steve McCabe (L)
Andrew Mitchell (C)
Jess Phillips (L)
Gisela Stuart (L)
 • Borough & City 103.39 sq mi (267.77 km2)
Elevation 460 ft (140 m)
Population (2005 est.)
 • Borough & City 1,001,200 (Ranked 1st)
 • Density 10,620/sq mi (4,102/km2)
 • Urban 2,440,986
 • Metro 3,701,107
 • County 2,808,356
 • County density 7,870/sq mi (3,039/km2)
Demonym(s) Brummie
Time zone Greenwich Mean Time
Postcode B
Area code(s) 0121
ISO 3166-2 GB-BIR
ONS code 00BN
OS grid reference SP0667186967

Birmingham is a city and metropolitan borough in the West Midlands, England. More than one million people live in Birmingham, making it the United Kingdom's second most populated city. It is also within the UK's second biggest metropolitan area, which contains nearly 4 million people. It contains a wide variety of creeds, races and religious communities.

History[change | change source]

A Victorian building in Birmingham, faced with terracotta tiles

Birmingham began as a small town in 1166. Many industries were developed in Birmingham during the 18th and 19th centuries. These included making weapons and food. Queen Victoria gave city status to Birmingham in 1889. It played a big role in the war effort in the First and Second World Wars. However, there is now a far lower amount of industry than at the end of the war.

Places to visit[change | change source]

Famous people from Birmingham[change | change source]

Other websites[change | change source]