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City and Metropolitan borough
Birmingham City Centre from the south
Library of BirminghamBirmingham Town Hall
St Philip's CathedralUniversity of BirminghamSt Martin's church and Selfridges department store in the Bull Ring
Flag of Birmingham
Coat of arms of Birmingham
Coat of arms
Etymology: Old English Beormingahām (home or settlement of the Beormingas)
  • Brum
  • Brummagem
  • Second city
  • City of a thousand trades
  • Workshop of the world
  • Venice of the north
Motto(s): Forward
Birmingham shown within the West Midlands county
Birmingham shown within the West Midlands county
Birmingham is located in England Midlands
Location of Birmingham in the United Kingdom
Birmingham is located in the United Kingdom
Birmingham (the United Kingdom)
Birmingham is located in Europe
Birmingham (Europe)
Coordinates: 52°28′59″N 1°53′37″W / 52.48306°N 1.89361°W / 52.48306; -1.89361Coordinates: 52°28′59″N 1°53′37″W / 52.48306°N 1.89361°W / 52.48306; -1.89361
Sovereign state  United Kingdom
Constituent country  England
Region West Midlands
Ceremonial county  West Midlands
Historic county  Warwickshire
Settlement c. 600
Seigneurial borough 1166
Municipal borough 1838
City status 14 January 1889
Metropolitan borough 1 April 1974
Administrative HQ The Council House,
Victoria Square
 • Type Metropolitan borough
 • Body Birmingham City Council
 • Leadership Leader and cabinet
 • Executive  
 • Leader Vacant (Deputy Leader Ian Ward, acting)
 • Lord Mayor Anne Underwood
 • Chief Executive (Interim) Stella Manzie CBE
 • City 103.4 sq mi (267.8 km2)
 • Urban 231.2 sq mi (598.9 km2)
Area rank 151st
Elevation 460 ft (140 m)
Population (2005 est.)
 • City 1,124,600
 • Rank 1st
 • Density 10,880/sq mi (4,199/km2)
 • Urban 2,440,986 (3rd)
 • Metro 4,332,629 (List of metropolitan areas in Europe)
Demonym(s) Brummie
Time zone Greenwich Mean Time (UTC+0)
 • Summer (DST) British Summer Time (UTC+1)
Postcode B
Area code(s) 0121
ISO 3166 code GB-BIR
GSS code E08000025
NUTS 3 code UKG31
ONS code 00CN
OS grid reference SP066868
Motorways M6
M6 Toll
(2011 Census) [1]
  • 57.9% White (53.1% White British)
  • 26.6% Asian
  • 8.9% Black
  • 4.4% Mixed Race
  • 2.0% Other
International airports Birmingham (BHX)
Major railway stations Birmingham New Street (A)
Birmingham Moor Street (B)
Birmingham Snow Hill (C1)
GDP US$ 121.1 billion[2] (2nd)
– Per capita US$ 31,572[2]
Councillors 120
European Parliament West Midlands

Birmingham is a city and metropolitan borough in the West Midlands, England. More than one million people live in Birmingham. It is also within the UK's second biggest metropolitan area, which contains nearly 4 million people. It contains a wide variety of creeds, races and religious communities. Birmingham is technically the largest city in the United Kingdom.[3]

History[change | change source]

A Victorian building in Birmingham, faced with terracotta tiles

Birmingham began as a small town in 1166. Many industries were developed in Birmingham during the 18th and 19th centuries. These included making weapons and food. Queen Victoria gave city status to Birmingham in 1889. It played a big role in the war effort in the First and Second World Wars. However, there is now a far lower amount of industry than at the end of the war.

Places to visit[change | change source]

  • Cadbury World
  • The 'Bull-Ring' shopping centre
  • The ICC
  • The National Sea-Life Centre
  • The NIA
  • The NEC
  • The Mailbox
  • The Birmingham Library
  • Victoria Square
  • The Theater
  • The Town Hall
  • The Rotunda
  • Drayton Manor
  • One Stop Shoppihg Centre
  • Tamworth

Famous people from Birmingham[change | change source]

References[change | change source]

  1. "2011 Census: Key Statistics for Local Authorities in England and Wales". ONS. Retrieved 25 December 2012
  2. 2.0 2.1 "Global city GDP 2014". Brookings Institution. Archived from the original on 4 June 2013. Retrieved 18 November 2014.
  3. Morris, Steven (2013-12-09). "Birmingham council says it may soon be unable to fund statutory services". the Guardian. Retrieved 2018-09-19.

Other websites[change | change source]