Liverpool

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Liverpool
The three graces of Liverpool's waterfront: the Royal Liver Building, the Cunard Building and the Port of Liverpool Building. Visible in the background is Liverpool's Anglican Cathedral.
The three graces of Liverpool's waterfront: the Royal Liver Building, the Cunard Building and the Port of Liverpool Building. Visible in the background is Liverpool's Anglican Cathedral.
Official logo of Liverpool
Coat of arms of Liverpool City Council
Nickname(s): 
The Pool
Location within England
Location within England
Coordinates: Coordinates: 53°24′N 2°59′W / 53.400°N 2.983°W / 53.400; -2.983
Sovereign stateUnited Kingdom
Constituent countryEngland
RegionNorth West England
Ceremonial countyMerseyside
Admin HQLiverpool City Centre
Founded1207
City Status1880
Government
 • TypeMetropolitan borough, City
 • Governing bodyLiverpool City Council
Area
 • Metropolitan borough & City43.18 sq mi (111.84 km2)
Elevation
230 ft (70 m)
Population
 (2007 est / Urban=2006)
 • Metropolitan borough & City447,500 (Ranked 5th)
 • Density12,950/sq mi (5,001/km2)
 • Urban
816,900
 • Metro
1,103,089
 • Ethnicity
(2005 Estimate)[1]
91.9% White
2.2% Chinese and other
2.1% Asian or Asian British
1.9% Mixed Race
1.9% Black or Black British
Time zoneUTC+0 (Greenwich Mean Time)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+1 (British Summer Time)
Postal Code
Area code(s)0151
ISO 3166-2GB-LIV
ONS code00BY
OS grid referenceSJ437905
NUTS 3UKD52
DemonymScouser/Liverpudlian
Websitewww.liverpool.gov.uk

Liverpool is a city in North West England, United Kingdom with a population of about 485,000 in 2015.[2] It is part of the Liverpool-Birkenhead metropolitan area, the fifth-largest metropolitan area in the UK. The local government is Liverpool City Council.

Liverpool is on the eastern side of the River Mersey. It used to lie in the old area of West Derby in the south west of Lancashire. It became a borough in 1207 and a city in 1880. In 1889, it became separate from Lancashire. Liverpool's growth as a large port was matched by the growth of the city during the Industrial Revolution.

It was most famous as a port during the late 19th and early 20th century. It is the birthplace of the famous rock group The Beatles. It is also famous because of its football teams, Everton F.C. and Liverpool F.C.

People from Liverpool are called Liverpudlians or Scousers.

History[change | change source]

It became very important due to trade in sugar, tobacco and slaves. In 1830, Liverpool and Manchester became the first cities to have a railway connecting them to each other, the Liverpool and Manchester Railway. Not including airports in London, Liverpool Airport was the first airport in Britain opening in 1930. In 2008 it was awarded the title European Capital of Culture.

Geography[change | change source]

Liverpool is a city on the River Mersey, on the coast next to the Irish Sea. On the other side of the river is the Wirral. In 1846 the Albert Dock was opened and turned into a shopping centre in 1988.

Culture[change | change source]

The city is the birthplace of the famous rock group The Beatles and the musical style Merseybeat. It has several art galleries, museums and theatres. The Tate Liverpool is a gallery of modern art. There are two cathedrals, Liverpool Cathedral which is known as Anglican and Metropolitan Cathedral which is Catholic. There are two famous football clubs, Liverpool F.C. and Everton F.C. It has several parks including Sefton Park and Stanley Park.

Transport[change | change source]

Liverpool Airport opened in 1930, it was later renamed Liverpool John Lennon Airport. It has three tunnels under the River Mersey, one for trains and two (Queensway and Kingsway) for cars travelling to and from Wirral. It has a local train network called Merseyrail and the station Liverpool Lime Street provides train travel to and from the rest of the United Kingdom. Until the 1950s it also had Liverpool Overhead Railway and Liverpool Corporation Tramways. Motorways running into Liverpool include the M62, the M58 and the M53. The inner ring road is Queens Drive and the outer ring road is the M57. Liverpool Cruise Terminal opened in 2007.

Education[change | change source]

Liverpool has several universities;

Famous places[change | change source]

  • Albert Dock
  • St George's Hall
  • Liverpool Cathedral
  • Speke Hall
  • Merseyside Maritime Museum
  • International Slavery Museum
  • Tate Liverpool
  • The Beatles Story
  • Pier Head
  • Al-Rahma Mosque

Famous people from Liverpool[change | change source]

Development[change | change source]

There has been a lot of development work which is part of a regeneration plan for Liverpool. It is because Liverpool was the Capital of Culture for 2008.

References[change | change source]

  1. "Neighbourhood Statistics: Resident Population Estimates by Ethnic Group (Percentages)". Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 2011-05-20.
  2. "Population Estimates for UK, England and Wales, Scotland and Northern Ireland - Office for National Statistics". www.ons.gov.uk. Retrieved 2017-09-11.