Plymouth

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Plymouth
Clockwise from top: West Hoe, Smeaton's Tower, University of Plymouth, Royal William Yard, National Marine Aquarium, Southside St, Barbican
Nickname(s): 
Britain's Ocean City
Motto(s): 
Turris fortissima est nomen Jehova
"The name of Jehovah is the strongest tower"[1]
Plymouth shown within Devon and England
Plymouth shown within Devon and England
Coordinates: 50°22′17″N 4°08′32″W / 50.37139°N 4.14222°W / 50.37139; -4.14222Coordinates: 50°22′17″N 4°08′32″W / 50.37139°N 4.14222°W / 50.37139; -4.14222
Sovereign stateUnited Kingdom
CountryEngland
RegionSouth West England
Ceremonial countyDevon
City status1928
Unitary Authority1998
Government
 • TypeCity Council
 • BodyPlymouth City Council
 • ExecutiveNOC
 • Lord MayorSam Davey[2]
 • HQCivic Centre Precinct
 • Wards20
 • MPsJohnny Mercer (C)
Luke Pollard (L)
Area
 • Total30.82 sq mi (79.83 km2)
Area rank240th (of 326)
Highest elevation
509 ft (155 m)
Lowest elevation
0 ft (0 m)
Population
 (2005 est.)
 • Total264,200
 • Rank56th (of 326)
 • Density8,600/sq mi (3,300/km2)
 • Demonyms
Plymothian (formal)
Janner (informal)
Time zoneUTC0 (GMT)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+1 (BST)
Postcode district
Area code(s)01752
Websitewww.plymouth.gov.uk

Plymouth is a city and unitary authority in Devon, South West England. It is on the south coast. It has a large port at Devonport used by the Royal Navy. Nearly 250,000 people live in Plymouth and it is the largest place in Devon. West of Plymouth is the mouth of the River Tamar which is called the Hamoaze. Plymouth means mouth of the River Plym.

History[change | change source]

The Roman Catholic Bishop of Plymouth has his cathedral here. Plymouth was badly affected by German bombing during the Second World War, when many buildings were destroyed. The Plymouth Fathers and the Plymouth Brethren were both named after Plymouth. Plymouth is linked to Saltash in Cornwall by two bridges across the River Tamar: the Royal Albert Bridge (built in 1859) carries the railway line to Penzance and the Tamar Bridge the A38 main road. On Plymouth Hoe is the third lighthouse, which used to stand on the Eddystone Rock in the English Channel.

Sports[change | change source]

It has a football team called Plymouth Argyle and a rugby football team called Plymouth Albion.

References[change | change source]

  1. Cite error: The named reference brief history was used but no text was provided for refs named (see the help page).
  2. Cite error: The named reference lordmayor was used but no text was provided for refs named (see the help page).
  3. "Standard Area Measurements (2016) for Administrative Areas in the United Kingdom". Office for National Statistics. 1 February 2017. Retrieved 9 February 2017.