Rutherford B. Hayes

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Rutherford B. Hayes
19th President of the United States
In office
March 4, 1877 – March 3, 1881
Vice President William A. Wheeler
Preceded by Ulysses S. Grant
Succeeded by James A. Garfield
Personal details
Born October 4, 1822(1822-10-04)
Delaware, Ohio
Died January 17, 1893(1893-01-17) (aged 70)
Fremont, Ohio
Nationality American
Political party Republican
Spouse(s) Lucy Webb Ware Hayes

Rutherford Birchard Hayes (October 4, 1822 - January 17, 1893) was the 19th President of the United States. He served only one term, from 1877 to 1881. Hayes was a Republican. He was elected governor of Ohio three times before becoming president. Hayes barely won the election of 1876, only defeating Democratic opponent Samuel Tilden after a Congressional committee gave Hayes some disputed electoral votes.

Early life[change | edit source]

Hayes was born in Delaware, Ohio. He went to Kenyon College in Gambier, Ohio, and then went to Harvard Law School. After graduating from law school, he became a lawyer.[1] In 1849, he joined the Republican Party, which was new then, because he was against slavery.[2] In 1852, he married Lucy Webb, a woman who was also against slavery. In the 1860s, he served in the American Civil War on the Union side, and became a major general. After the war ended, he was elected to the U.S. House of Representatives as a part of the Republican Party. In 1867, he became the governor of Ohio.

The election of 1876[change | edit source]

Ulysses S. Grant had been president since 1869, and was not going to run for president a third time in 1876. Grant was a member of the Republican Party, and while he was president, became known for allowing corruption to go on around him. The Republican Party did not want people to think that everybody in the party was corrupt, so they decided to make Hayes their candidate. They thought he was a good candidate because he had made many changes in Ohio while he was governor there that people thought were good, and because he was thought to have been a hero in the Civil War.

Grant ran against Samuel Tilden, whom the Democratic Party nominated. The election was close, and many people who did not think that Hayes fairly won the election called him "His Fraudulency".[3] Tilden actually got more votes than Hayes, but Hayes got 185 votes in the Electoral College, while Tilden got 184, so Hayes won the election.[4]

As president[change | edit source]

While he was president, Hayes ended the Reconstruction period that followed the American Civil War. Rutherford B. Hayes ordered military forces that had been in the Southern states to leave. He also sent federal troops to end a railroad strike. Hayes refused to seek a second term as president.

After being president[change | edit source]

After being president, Hayes retired to Fremont, Ohio. Meanwhile He spent time talking about his beliefs that all children should have the chance to go to school, that people who had been in the military should get their fair payments for their service, and that people in prisons should be treated better.[5]

Other websites[change | edit source]

References[change | edit source]

  1. Rawley, James. To The Best of My Abilities: The American Presidents. ed. James McPherson
  2. "The Rutherford B. Hayes Presidential Center". rbhayes.org. http://www.rbhayes.org/hayes/president/. Retrieved July 1, 2010.
  3. "Rutherford B. Hayes". npg.si.edu. http://www.npg.si.edu/exh/hall2/ruthers.htm. Retrieved July 1, 2010.
  4. "American Experience . The Presidents . Rutherford Birchard Hayes". pbs.org. http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/amex/presidents/19_hayes/index.html. Retrieved July 1, 2010.
  5. "The Rutherford B. Hayes Presidential Center". rbhayes.org. http://www.rbhayes.org/hayes/president/. Retrieved July 1, 2010.