List of presidents of the United States

From Simple English Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

This list includes all people who have been sworn as President of the United States.

The bottom row includes presidents by time in office.

Presidents[change | change source]

Presidency[a] Portrait President Party[b] Election Vice President
1 April 30, 1789

March 4, 1797
Gilbert Stuart Williamstown Portrait of George Washington.jpg George Washington Unaffiliated 1788–89 John Adams[c]
1792
2 March 4, 1797

March 4, 1801
John Adams, Gilbert Stuart, c1800 1815.jpg John Adams Federalist 1796 Thomas Jefferson[d]
3 March 4, 1801

March 4, 1809
Thomas Jefferson by Rembrandt Peale, 1800.jpg Thomas Jefferson Democratic-
Republican
1800 Aaron Burr
1804 George Clinton[e]
4 March 4, 1809

March 4, 1817
James Madison.jpg James Madison Democratic-
Republican
1808
Vacant after
Apr. 20, 1812
1812 Elbridge Gerry[e]
Vacant after
Nov. 23, 1814
5 March 4, 1817

March 4, 1825
James Monroe White House portrait 1819.jpg James Monroe Democratic-
Republican
1816 Daniel D. Tompkins
1820
6 March 4, 1825

March 4, 1829
JQA Photo.tif John Quincy Adams Democratic-
Republican
[f]
1824 John C. Calhoun[g][h]
National Republican
7 March 4, 1829

March 4, 1837
Andrew jackson head.jpg Andrew Jackson Democratic 1828
Vacant after
Dec. 28, 1832
1832 Martin Van Buren
8 March 4, 1837

March 4, 1841
Martin Van Buren edit.jpg Martin Van Buren Democratic 1836 Richard Mentor Johnson
9 March 4, 1841

April 4, 1841
William Henry Harrison daguerreotype edit.jpg William Henry Harrison[e] Whig 1840 John Tyler
10 April 4, 1841[i]

March 4, 1845
John Tyler, Jr.jpg John Tyler Whig[j] Vacant throughout
presidency
Unaffiliated
11 March 4, 1845

March 4, 1849
JKP.jpg James K. Polk Democratic 1844 George M. Dallas
12 March 4, 1849

July 9, 1850
Zachary Taylor restored and cropped.jpg Zachary Taylor[e] Whig 1848 Millard Fillmore
13 July 9, 1850[k]

March 4, 1853
Fillmore.jpg Millard Fillmore Whig Vacant throughout
presidency
14 March 4, 1853

March 4, 1857
Mathew Brady - Franklin Pierce - alternate crop (cropped).jpg Franklin Pierce Democratic 1852 William R. King[e]
Vacant after
Apr. 18, 1853
15 March 4, 1857

March 4, 1861
James Buchanan.jpg James Buchanan Democratic 1856 John C. Breckinridge
16 March 4, 1861

April 15, 1865
Abraham Lincoln O-77 matte collodion print.jpg Abraham Lincoln[l] Republican 1860 Hannibal Hamlin
National Union[m] 1864 Andrew Johnson
17 April 15, 1865

March 4, 1869
Andrew Johnson photo portrait head and shoulders, c1870-1880-Edit1.jpg Andrew Johnson National Union[n] Vacant throughout
presidency
Democratic
18 March 4, 1869

March 4, 1877
Ulysses S Grant by Brady c1870-restored.jpg Ulysses S. Grant Republican 1868 Schuyler Colfax
1872 Henry Wilson[e]
Vacant after
Nov. 22, 1875
19 March 4, 1877

March 4, 1881
President Rutherford Hayes 1870 - 1880 Restored.jpg Rutherford B. Hayes Republican 1876 William A. Wheeler
20 March 4, 1881

September 19, 1881
James Abram Garfield, photo portrait seated.jpg James A. Garfield[o] Republican 1880 Chester A. Arthur
21 September 19, 1881[p]

March 4, 1885
Chester Alan Arthur.jpg Chester A. Arthur Republican Vacant throughout
presidency
22 March 4, 1885

March 4, 1889
Grover Cleveland - NARA - 518139 (cropped).jpg Grover Cleveland Democratic 1884 Thomas A. Hendricks[e]
Vacant after
Nov. 25, 1885
23 March 4, 1889

March 4, 1893
Benjamin Harrison, head and shoulders bw photo, 1896.jpg Benjamin Harrison Republican 1888 Levi P. Morton
24 March 4, 1893

March 4, 1897
Grover Cleveland - NARA - 518139 (cropped).jpg Grover Cleveland Democratic 1892 Adlai Stevenson I
25 March 4, 1897

September 14, 1901
Mckinley.jpg William McKinley[q] Republican 1896 Garret Hobart[e]
Vacant after
Nov. 21, 1899
1900 Theodore Roosevelt
26 September 14, 1901

March 4, 1909
President Roosevelt - Pach Bros.jpg Theodore Roosevelt Republican Vacant through
Mar. 4, 1905
1904 Charles W. Fairbanks
27 March 4, 1909

March 4, 1913
William Howard Taft - Harris and Ewing.jpg William Howard Taft Republican 1908 James S. Sherman[e]
Vacant after
Oct. 30, 1912
28 March 4, 1913

March 4, 1921
Thomas Woodrow Wilson, Harris & Ewing bw photo portrait, 1919.jpg Woodrow Wilson Democratic 1912 Thomas R. Marshall
1916
29 March 4, 1921

August 2, 1923
Warren G Harding-Harris & Ewing.jpg Warren G. Harding[e] Republican 1920 Calvin Coolidge
30 August 2, 1923[r]

March 4, 1929
Calvin Coolidge cph.3g10777 (cropped).jpg Calvin Coolidge Republican Vacant through
Mar. 4, 1925
1924 Charles G. Dawes
31 March 4, 1929

March 4, 1933
President Hoover portrait.jpg Herbert Hoover Republican 1928 Charles Curtis
32 March 4, 1933

April 12, 1945
FDR 1944 Color Portrait.jpg Franklin D. Roosevelt[e] Democratic 1932 John Nance Garner
1936
1940 Henry A. Wallace
1944 Harry S. Truman
33 April 12, 1945

January 20, 1953
TRUMAN 58-766-06 CROPPED.jpg Harry S. Truman Democratic Vacant through
Jan. 20, 1949
1948 Alben W. Barkley
34 January 20, 1953

January 20, 1961
Dwight D. Eisenhower, official photo portrait, May 29, 1959.jpg Dwight D. Eisenhower Republican 1952 Richard Nixon
1956
35 January 20, 1961

November 22, 1963
John F. Kennedy, White House color photo portrait.jpg John F. Kennedy[s] Democratic 1960 Lyndon B. Johnson
36 November 22, 1963

January 20, 1969
37 Lyndon Johnson 3x4.jpg Lyndon B. Johnson Democratic Vacant through
Jan. 20, 1965
1964 Hubert Humphrey
37 January 20, 1969

August 9, 1974
Richard Nixon presidential portrait (1).jpg Richard Nixon[h] Republican 1968 Spiro Agnew[h]
1972
Vacant, Oct. 10 – Dec. 6, 1973
Gerald Ford[t]
38 August 9, 1974

January 20, 1977
Gerald Ford presidential portrait.jpg Gerald Ford Republican Vacant through
Dec. 19, 1974
Nelson Rockefeller[t]
39 January 20, 1977

January 20, 1981
JimmyCarterPortrait2.jpg Jimmy Carter Democratic 1976 Walter Mondale
40 January 20, 1981

January 20, 1989
Official Portrait of President Reagan 1981.jpg Ronald Reagan Republican 1980 George H. W. Bush
1984
41 January 20, 1989

January 20, 1993
George H. W. Bush presidential portrait (cropped).jpg George H. W. Bush Republican 1988 Dan Quayle
42 January 20, 1993

January 20, 2001
Bill Clinton.jpg Bill Clinton Democratic 1992 Al Gore
1996
44 January 20, 2005

January 20, 2013
George-W-Bush.jpeg George W. Bush Republican 2004 Dick Cheney
2008
45 January 20, 2013

January 20, 2021
Official portrait of Barack Obama.jpg Barack Obama Democratic 2012 Joe Biden
2016
46 January 20, 2017

Incumbent
Donald Trump official portrait.jpg Donald Trump Republican 2020 Mike Pence
Sources:[1][2][3]

Presidents by time in office[change | change source]

Rank President Length
in days
Order of presidency Number of terms
1 Franklin D. Roosevelt 4,422[u] 32nd • March 4, 1933 – April 12, 1945[v] Three full terms; died 2 months and 23 days into fourth term
2
tie
Thomas Jefferson 2,922 3rd • March 4, 1801 – March 4, 1809 Two full terms
James Madison 2,922 4th • March 4, 1809 – March 4, 1817 Two full terms
James Monroe 2,922 5th • March 4, 1817 – March 4, 1825 Two full terms
Andrew Jackson 2,922 7th • March 4, 1829 – March 4, 1837 Two full terms
Ulysses S. Grant 2,922 18th • March 4, 1869 – March 4, 1877 Two full terms[w]
Grover Cleveland 2,922[x] 22nd • March 4, 1885 – March 4, 1889
24th • March 4, 1893 – March 4, 1897
Two full terms (non-consecutive)[y]
Woodrow Wilson 2,922 28th • March 4, 1913 – March 4, 1921 Two full terms
Dwight D. Eisenhower 2,922 34th • January 20, 1953 – January 20, 1961 Two full terms
Ronald Reagan 2,922 40th • January 20, 1981 – January 20, 1989 Two full terms
Bill Clinton 2,922[z] 42nd • January 20, 1993 – January 20, 2001 Two full terms
George W. Bush 2,922 44th • January 20, 2005 – January 20, 2013 Two full terms
Barack Obama 2,922 45th • January 20, 2013 – January 20, 2021 Two full terms
14 George Washington 2,865[aa] 1st • April 30, 1789 – March 4, 1797 Two full terms
15 Harry S. Truman 2,840 33rd • April 12, 1945[ab] – January 20, 1953 One partial term (3 years, 9 months, and 8 days), followed by one full term
16 Theodore Roosevelt 2,728 26th • September 14, 1901[ab] – March 4, 1909 One partial term (3 years, 5 months, and 18 days), followed by one full term[ac]
17 Calvin Coolidge 2,041 30th • August 2, 1923[ab] – March 4, 1929 One partial term (1 year, 7 months, and 2 days), followed by one full term
18 Richard Nixon 2,027 37th • January 20, 1969 – August 9, 1974[ad] One full term; resigned 1 year, 6 months, and 20 days into second term
19 Lyndon B. Johnson 1,886 36th • November 22, 1963[ab] – January 20, 1969 One partial term (1 year, 1 month, and 29 days), followed by one full term
20 William McKinley 1,654[z] 25th • March 4, 1897 – September 14, 1901[v] One full term; assassinated: died 6 months and 10 days into second term, 8 days after being shot
21 Abraham Lincoln 1,503 16th • March 4, 1861 – April 15, 1865[v] One full term; assassinated: died 1 month and 11 days into second term, 1 day after being shot
22
tie
John Quincy Adams 1,461 6th • March 4, 1825 – March 4, 1829 One full term[y]
Martin Van Buren 1,461 8th • March 4, 1837 – March 4, 1841 One full term[y][ae]
James K. Polk 1,461 11th • March 4, 1845 – March 4, 1849 One full term
Franklin Pierce 1,461 14th • March 4, 1853 – March 4, 1857 One full term
James Buchanan 1,461 15th • March 4, 1857 – March 4, 1861 One full term
Rutherford B. Hayes 1,461 19th • March 4, 1877 – March 4, 1881 One full term
Benjamin Harrison 1,461 23rd • March 4, 1889 – March 4, 1893 One full term[y]
William Howard Taft 1,461 27th • March 4, 1909 – March 4, 1913 One full term[y]
Herbert Hoover 1,461 31st • March 4, 1929 – March 4, 1933 One full term[y]
Jimmy Carter 1,461 39th • January 20, 1977 – January 20, 1981 One full term[y]
George H. W. Bush 1,461 41st • January 20, 1989 – January 20, 1993 One full term[y]
Al Gore 1,461 43rd • January 20, 2001 – January 20, 2005 One full term[y]
34 John Adams 1,460[z] 2nd • March 4, 1797 – March 4, 1801 One full term[y]
35 John Tyler 1,430 10th • April 4, 1841[ab] – March 4, 1845 One partial term (3 years and 11 months)
36 Andrew Johnson 1,419 17th • April 15, 1865[ab] – March 4, 1869 One partial term (3 years, 10 months, and 17 days)
37 Chester A. Arthur 1,262 21st • September 19, 1881[ab] – March 4, 1885 One partial term (3 years, 5 months, and 13 days)
38 John F. Kennedy 1,036 35th • January 20, 1961 – November 22, 1963[v] Assassinated: died 2 years, 10 months, and 2 days into term
39 Millard Fillmore 969 13th • July 9, 1850[ab] – March 4, 1853 One partial term (2 years, 7 months, and 23 days)
40 Gerald Ford 895 38th • August 9, 1974[ab] – January 20, 1977 One partial term (2 years, 5 months, and 11 days)[af]
41 Warren G. Harding 881 29th • March 4, 1921 – August 2, 1923[v] Died 2 years, 4 months, and 29 days into term
42 Zachary Taylor 492 12th • March 4, 1849 – July 9, 1850[v] Died 1 year, 4 months, and 5 days into term
43 Donald Trump As of {{FULLDATE}t}}} 46th • January 20, 2021 – Incumbent Currently serving
44 James A. Garfield 199 20th • March 4 – September 19, 1881[v] Assassinated: died 6 months and 15 days into term, 79 days after being shot
45 William Henry Harrison 31 9th • March 4 – April 4, 1841[v] Died 31 days into term

References[change | change source]

  1. "Presidents". whitehouse.gov. Washington, D.C.: White House. Retrieved February 20, 2020.
  2. "Chronological List of Presidents, First Ladies, and Vice Presidents of the United States". Washington, D.C.: Prints and Photographs Division, Library of Congress. Retrieved February 20, 2020.
  3. Kelly, Martin (February 17, 2020). "Chart of the Presidents and Vice Presidents". thoughtco.com. New York City: Dotdash. Retrieved February 20, 2020.
Notes
  1. Presidents are numbered according to uninterrupted periods served by the same person. For example, George Washington served two consecutive terms and is counted as the first president (not the first and second). Upon the resignation of 37th president Richard Nixon, Gerald Ford became the 38th president even though he simply served out the remainder of Nixon's second term and was never elected to the presidency in his own right. Grover Cleveland was both the 22nd president and the 24th president because his two terms were not consecutive. A vice president who temporarily becomes acting president under the Twenty-fifth Amendment to the Constitution is not counted, because the president remains in office during such a period.
  2. Reflects the president's political party at the start of their presidency. Changes during their time in office are noted. Also reflects the vice president's political party unless otherwise noted beside the individual's name.
  3. Political parties had not been anticipated when the Constitution was drafted in 1787 and ratified in 1788, nor did they exist at the time of the first presidential election in 1788–89. When they did develop, during Washington's first term, Adams joined the faction that became the Federalist Party. The elections of 1792 were the first ones in the United States that were contested on anything resembling a partisan basis.
  4. The 1796 presidential election was the first contested American presidential election and the only one in which a president and vice president were elected from opposing political parties. Federalist John Adams was elected president, and Jefferson of the Democratic-Republicans was elected vice president.
  5. 5.00 5.01 5.02 5.03 5.04 5.05 5.06 5.07 5.08 5.09 5.10 Died in office of natural causes.
  6. Early during Adams' term the Democratic-Republican Party dissolved; his allies in Congress and at the state-level were referred to as "Adams' Men" during the Adams presidency. When Andrew Jackson became president in 1829, this group became the "Anti-Jackson" opposition, and organized themselves as the National Republican Party.
  7. John Calhoun, formerly a Democratic-Republican, founded the Nullifier Party in 1828 to oppose the Tariff of 1828 and advance the cause of states' rights, but was brought on as Andrew Jackson's running mate in the 1828 presidential election in an effort to broaden the democratic coalition led by Jackson.
  8. 8.0 8.1 8.2 Resigned from office
  9. John Tyler was sworn in as president on April 6, 1841.
  10. John Tyler was elected vice president on the Whig Party ticket in 1840. His policy priorities as president soon proved to be opposed to most of the Whig agenda, and he was expelled from the party in September 1841.
  11. Millard Fillmore was sworn in as president on July 10, 1850.
  12. Died April 15, 1865; see Assassination of Abraham Lincoln for further details.
  13. When he ran for reelection in 1864, Republican Abraham Lincoln formed a bipartisan electoral alliance with War Democrats by selecting Democrat Andrew Johnson as his running mate, and running on the National Union Party ticket.
  14. While president, Johnson tried and failed to build a party of loyalists under the National Union banner. Near the end of his presidency, Johnson rejoined the Democratic Party.
  15. Died September 19, 1881; see Assassination of James A. Garfield for further details.
  16. Chester A. Arthur was initially sworn in as president on September 20, 1881, and then again on September 22.
  17. Died September 14, 1901; see Assassination of William McKinley for further details.
  18. Calvin Coolidge was initially sworn in as president on August 3, 1923, and then again on August 21.
  19. Died November 22, 1963; see Assassination of John F. Kennedy for further details.
  20. 20.0 20.1 Appointed as vice president under terms of the Twenty-fifth Amendment, Section 2.
  21. The Twentieth Amendment (ratified in 1933) moved Inauguration Day from March 4 to January 20. The 1937 presidential inauguration was the first to take place on the new date. As a result, Franklin D. Roosevelt's first term in office (1933–1937) was only 1,418 days long, 1 month and 12 days shorter than a normal term.
  22. 22.0 22.1 22.2 22.3 22.4 22.5 22.6 22.7 Died in office
  23. Did not seek re-election in 1876. He sought a non-consecutive third term in 1880, but was defeated for renomination at the Republican National Convention.
  24. Each of Grover Cleveland's two non-consecutive terms in office was 1,461 days long.
  25. 25.0 25.1 25.2 25.3 25.4 25.5 25.6 25.7 25.8 25.9 Incumbent president who sought a second consecutive full term, but was defeated in a quadrennial presidential election.
  26. 26.0 26.1 26.2 Cite error: The named reference 100not400 was used but no text was provided for refs named (see the help page).
  27. Due to logistical delays, George Washington's first term began 1 month and 26 days after the scheduled start of operations of the new government under the Constitution. As a result, the term was only 1,404 days long.
  28. 28.0 28.1 28.2 28.3 28.4 28.5 28.6 28.7 28.8 Succeeded to presidency.
  29. Did not seek re-election in 1908. In 1912, he ran for a non-consecutive second full term, this time on the Progressive Party ticket, but was defeated.
  30. Resigned from office
  31. Subsequently sought a non-consecutive second term, first in 1844, but was defeated for renomination at the Democratic National Convention, and then again in 1848 (this time on the Free Soil Party ticket), but was defeated.
  32. Sought election to a full term in 1976, but was defeated.

Other websites[change | change source]