Merrick Garland

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Merrick Garland
Attorney General Merrick Garland.jpg
86th United States Attorney General
Assumed office
March 11, 2021
PresidentJoe Biden
DeputyLisa Monaco
Preceded byWilliam Barr
Chief Judge of the United States Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia Circuit
In office
February 12, 2013 – February 11, 2020
Preceded byDavid B. Sentelle
Succeeded bySri Srinivasan
Judge of the United States Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia Circuit
In office
March 20, 1997 – March 11, 2021
Appointed byBill Clinton
Preceded byAbner J. Mikva
Succeeded byKetanji Brown Jackson
Personal details
Merrick Brian Garland

(1952-11-13) November 13, 1952 (age 70)
Chicago, Illinois, U.S.
Lynn Rosenman (m. 1987)
Children2 daughters
EducationHarvard University (BA, JD)

Merrick Brian Garland (born November 13, 1952) is an American federal judge and politician. Garland is the 86th and current United States Attorney General during the Joe Biden administration since 2021. He was the chief judge of the United States Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia Circuit from 2013 to 2020. He was on that court from 1997 until 2021 after being nominated by President Bill Clinton.

In 2016, Garland was nominated by President Barack Obama to the Supreme Court to replace Antonin Scalia following his death. However, in a Republican-controlled senate, a confirmation hearing was never held and his nomination expired on January 3, 2017.

In January 2021, President-elect Joe Biden nominated Garland to be the United States Attorney General in his cabinet.[1] He was confirmed by the United States Senate and sworn-in in March 2021.

Early life[change | change source]

Garland was born in Chicago, Illinois.[2] He graduated from Harvard College and from Harvard Law School.

Judicial career[change | change source]

Garland practiced corporate litigation at Arnold & Porter and worked as a federal prosecutor in the U.S. Department of Justice, where he played a leading role in the investigation and prosecution of the Oklahoma City bombers.

In 1995, Garland was appointed to the U.S. Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia Circuit, and (following a delay in Senate confirmation) took the bench in 1997. In 2009 and 2010, Garland was considered by President Barack Obama for two openings on the Supreme Court.

Supreme Court nomination[change | change source]

On March 16, 2016, Obama nominated Garland to serve as an Associate Justice of the Supreme Court, to fill the vacancy created by the death of Antonin Scalia.[3][4]

Garland has more federal judicial experience than any Supreme Court nominee in history.[5] He is the oldest Supreme Court nominee since Lewis F. Powell, Jr. in 1971.[6]

After Republicans refused to give Garland a confirmation hearing, Garland's nomination was expired in January 2017 shortly before the inauguration of Donald Trump. Trump said he will announce his Justice nominee for the Supreme Court on January 31, 2017.

United States Attorney General[change | change source]

On January 6, 2021, then President-elect Joe Biden said that we would nominate Garland to be the United States Attorney General during his administration.[7]

On March 1, the Senate Judiciary Committee voted 15-7 to advance Garland's nomination to a full Senate vote.[8] On March 10, the Senate confirmed Garland by a vote of 70-30 to become the next Attorney General.[9]

Personal life[change | change source]

Garland married Lynn in 1977. He lives in Bethesda, Maryland.

References[change | change source]

  1. Pager, Tyler; Cheney, Kyle. "Biden to tap Merrick Garland for attorney general". POLITICO. Retrieved 6 January 2021.
  2. Reena Flores & Rebecca Shabad (March 16, 2016). "Who is Merrick Garland?". CBS News. Archived from the original on March 16, 2016. Retrieved March 16, 2016.{{cite news}}: CS1 maint: uses authors parameter (link)
  3. Shear, Michael D.; Harris, Gardiner (March 16, 2016). "Obama Chooses Merrick Garland for Supreme Court". New York Times.
  4. Juliet Eilperin, Mike DeBonis and Jerry Markon (March 16, 2016). "President Obama nominates Merrick Garland to the Supreme Court". Washington Post.{{cite news}}: CS1 maint: uses authors parameter (link)
  5. Sarah Wheaton, Josh Gerstein & Seung Min Kim, Obama picks Merrick Garland for Supreme Court, Politico (March 16, 2016).
  6. "Merrick Garland Is The Oldest Supreme Court Nominee Since Nixon Was President". FiveThirtyEight. March 16, 2016.
  7. "Biden to tap Merrick Garland for attorney general". Politico. Retrieved January 6, 2021.
  8. "Senate committee advances Merrick Garland's nomination for attorney general". NBC News. Retrieved 2021-03-01.
  9. Alex Rogers (March 10, 2021). "Senate confirms Merrick Garland as attorney general". CNN. Retrieved March 11, 2021.

Other websites[change | change source]