Savannah River

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Savannah River
Tugaloo River
Savannah River Augusta Canal Riverwatch Pkwy 2.jpg
Savannah River at Augusta, with the Augusta Canal running alongside
Savannahrivermap.png
Map of the Savannah River watershed
Location
CountryUnited States
StateNorth Carolina, South Carolina, Georgia
CitiesSavannah, Augusta
Physical characteristics
SourceLake Hartwell
 - coordinates34°26′37″N 82°51′22″W / 34.44361°N 82.85611°W / 34.44361; -82.85611[2]
 - elevation655 ft (200 m)[1]
MouthAtlantic Ocean
 - locationTybee Roads
 - coordinates32°2′16″N 80°51′0″W / 32.03778°N 80.85000°W / 32.03778; -80.85000Coordinates: 32°2′16″N 80°51′0″W / 32.03778°N 80.85000°W / 32.03778; -80.85000[2]
 - elevation0 ft (0 m)[1]
Length301 mi (484 km)
Basin size9,850 sq mi (25,500 km2)[3]
Discharge 
 - locationnear Clyo, GA[3]
 - average11,720 cu ft/s (332 m3/s)[3]
Basin features
Tributaries 
 - leftSeneca River
 - rightTugaloo River

The Savannah River is a major river in the southeastern United States. It makes up most of the border between the states of South Carolina and Georgia. The Savannah River drainage basin extends into the southeastern side of the Appalachian Mountains just inside North Carolina. It is bounded by the Eastern Continental Divide. It is formed by the confluence of the Tugaloo River and the Seneca River. Today this confluence is under Lake Hartwell, a man-made reservoir. From Lake Hartwell to the Atlantic Ocean the Savannah River is 313 miles (504 km) long.[4]

Two major cities are located along the Savannah River: Savannah, and Augusta, Georgia. They were the center of early English settlements during the Colonial period of American history.[5] The Savannah River is tidal at Savannah. Downstream from there, the river widens into an estuary. Then it flows into the Atlantic Ocean. The area where the river's estuary meets the ocean is known as "Tybee Roads". The Intracoastal Waterway flows through a section of the Savannah River near the city of Savannah.

References[change | change source]

  1. 1.0 1.1 Google Earth elevation for GNIS coordinates.
  2. 2.0 2.1 "Savannah River". Geographic Names Information System. United States Geological Survey.
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 Water Resource Data, South Carolina, 2005, USGS, p. 559. Gages farther downriver affected by tides.
  4. Charles Seabrook (13 October 2006). "Savannah River". New Georgia Encyclopedia. Georgia Humanities Council and the University of Georgia Press. Retrieved 25 April 2015.
  5. "Colonial GeorgiaSamuel Taylor". Our Georgia History. Golden Ink. Retrieved 25 April 2015.