Kim Jong-un

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Kim Jong-un

김정은
Kim Jong-un April 2019 (cropped).jpg
Kim in 2019
Supreme Leader of North Korea
Assumed office
17 December 2011
PremierChoe Yong-rim
Preceded byKim Jong-il
First Secretary of the Workers' Party of Korea
Assumed office
11 April 2012
DeputyKim Yong-nam
Choe Yong-rim
Choe Ryong-hae
Ri Yong-ho
Preceded byKim Jong-il (General Secretary)
First Chairman of the National Defence Commission
Assumed office
13 April 2012
DeputyKim Yong-Chun
Ri Yong-mu
Jang Song-thaek
O Kuk-ryol
Preceded byKim Jong-il (Chairman)
Supreme Commander of the Korean People's Army
Assumed office
30 December 2011[1]
Preceded byKim Jong-il
Chairman of the Central Military Commission
Assumed office
11 April 2012
Acting: 17 December 2011 – 11 April 2012
DeputyChoe Ryong-hae
Ri Yong-ho
Preceded byKim Jong-il
Vice Chairman of the Central Military Commission
In office
28 September 2010 – 11 April 2012
Serving with Ri Yong-ho
LeaderKim Jong-il
Preceded byPosition established
Succeeded byChoe Ryong-hae
Ri Yong-ho
Personal details
Born (1982-01-08) 8 January 1982 (age 38) (North Korean records)
(1983-01-08) 8 January 1983 (age 37)
(South Korean records)[2]
(1984-01-08) 8 January 1984 (age 36)
(American records)[3][4]
Pyongyang, North Korea
Political partyWorkers' Party of Korea
Spouse(s)Ri Sol-ju
Alma materKim Il-sung University
Kim Il-sung Military University
Signature
Military service
Allegiance North Korea
Years of service2010–present
RankMarshal of the Republic (공화국원수, Konghwaguk wonsu)
CommandsSupreme Commander
Kim Jong-un
Chosŏn'gŭl
김정은
Hancha
金正恩[5]
Revised RomanizationGim Jeong(-)eun
McCune–ReischauerKim Chŏngŭn

Kim Jong-un[6] (born 8 January 1982, 1983 or 1984) is a North Korean politician. He has been the Supreme Leader of North Korea since December 2011, after the death of his father Kim Jong-il.

Early life[change | change source]

According to reports in Japanese newspapers, he went to school in Switzerland near Bern. First reports claimed Kim went to the private English-language International School in Gümligen under the name "Chol-pak" or "Pak-chol" from 1993 to 1998.[7] Kim was described as shy, a good student who got along well with his classmates, and was a basketball fan.[8]

Leadership[change | change source]

In December 2011, Kim became the leader of North Korea after his father Kim Jong-il died on 17 December 2011. His grandfather Kim Il-Sung was the first leader of North Korea.

On 9 March 2014, Kim was elected unopposed to the Supreme People's Assembly.

Family executions[change | change source]

On 12 December 2013, North Korean news outlets reported that due to alleged "treachery", Kim had ordered the execution of his uncle Jang Song-thaek.[9] Kim is thought by many to have ordered the assassination of his half-brother, Kim Jong-nam, in Malaysia in February 2017.[10][11]

Nuclear power[change | change source]

As of 2016, the United Nations has created five rounds of sanctions against North Korea for its nuclear program and missile tests.[12]

As of March 2018, a South Korean official Chung Eui-Yong made an announcement on North Korea in the White House briefing room that the North Korean leader Kim told the South Koreans he is "committed to denuclearisation" and "North Korea will refrain from any further nuclear or missile tests." and is open to meeting Donald Trump in North Korea.[13]

Human rights violations[change | change source]

Human rights violations under the leadership of Kim Jong-il were condemned by the UN General Assembly.[14] Press reports indicate that they are continuing under Kim.[15]

2018 international relations[change | change source]

In his 2018 New Year Speech, Kim said he was open to talk with with South Korea, and also to taking part in the 2018 Winter Olympics in the South.[16] The Seoul–Pyongyang hotline was reopened after almost 2 years.[17] North and South Korea marched together in the Olympics opening ceremony under a unified flag.

In April 2018, Kim and Moon Jae-in formally attended the inter-Korean summit of 2018 and agreed to formally end the Korean War before 2019.[18][19]

In April and May 2018, Kim met with Xi Jinping, General Secretary of the Communist Party of China. In May 2018, Donald Trump said on Twitter that he would meet with Kim on June 12 in Singapore for peace talks.[20]

Personal life[change | change source]

Kim is married to Ri Sol-ju. They married in 2009. They had a daughter in 2010. He attended a state school in Switzerland from 1998 to 2000 posing as a diplomat's son. Kim is reported to have later attended the Kim Il Sung Military University in Pyongyang from 2002 to 2007.[21] His mother died of cancer in 2004.[22]

In 2009, reports suggested that Kim was a diabetic and suffered from hypertension.[23][24] He is also known to smoke cigarettes.[25]

2020 death rumor[change | change source]

Rumors of Kim's death happened in late April 2020. Kim had been absent on the Day of the Sun, 15 April, celebrating the country's founding father, Kim Il Sung, though had been last seen four days before at a government meeting.[26] Daily NK reported that Kim had gone to a hospital for a heart surgery on 12 April, but according to CNN by 21 April that Kim's state was in "grave danger" from the surgery.[27] South Korea reported in response to these stories that there were "no unusual signs detected" in about Kim's health.[28] The Guardian reported that China had sent a team of doctors on 25 April to North Korea to look at Kim's condition.[29]

References[change | change source]

  1. "N.Korea declares Kim Jong-Un commander of military". Agence France-Presse. 30 December 2011. Archived from the original on 24 February 2014. Retrieved 30 December 2011.
  2. "Rodman Gives Details on Trip to North Korea". The New York Times. 9 September 2013. Archived from the original on 10 September 2013. Retrieved 10 September 2013.
  3. "We finally know the age of North Korean dictator Kim Jong Un". www.msn.com. Archived from the original on 16 February 2017. Retrieved 20 May 2017.
  4. "The secret life of Kim Jong-un's aunt, who has lived in the U.S. since 1998". The Washington Post. 27 May 2016. Archived from the original on 29 May 2016. Retrieved 28 May 2016. They can reveal, for example, that Kim Jong-un was born in 1984 – not 1982 or 1983, as has been widely believed. The reason they're certain? It was the same year that their first son was born. "He and my son were playmates from birth. I changed both of their diapers", Ko said with a laugh.
  5. (in Korean)"[北 막오른 김정은 시대]조선중앙통신 보도, 金正銀(X) 金正恩". Naver. 2 October 2010. Retrieved 2 December 2010.
  6. (in Korean)""청년대장 김정은"... 북 후계자 시사 벽보 찍혔다". Kyunghyang Shinmun. 25 September 2009. Retrieved 2 December 2010.
  7. Blaine Harden (3 June 2009). "Son Named Heir to North Korea's Kim Studied in Switzerland, Reportedly Loves NBA". The Washington Post. Archived from the original on 4 February 2011.
    Peter Foster (8 June 2010). "Rare photos of Kim Jong-il's youngest son, Kim Jong-un, released". The Daily Telegraph. London, UK. Archived from the original on 11 June 2010.
    Hall, Allan (25 November 2010). "Profile". The Sun. London, UK. Archived from the original on 2 December 2010.
  8. "North Korean leader Kim Jong‑il 'names youngest son as successor'". The Guardian. London, UK. Associated Press. 2 June 2009. ISSN 0261-3077. Archived from the original on 16 October 2015.
  9. Ahn, JH (August 10, 2016). "Kim Jong Un's executed uncle Jang Song Thaek reappears on N.Korean media". NKNews. Retrieved January 23, 2018.
  10. DNA Confirms Assassination Victim Was Half Brother of Kim Jong-un, Malaysia Says New York Times. By Russell Goldman. 15 March 2017. Downloaded 6 May 2017.
  11. Kim Jong-un risks vital ties with China Korea Times. By Jun Ji-hye. February 16, 2017. Downloaded May 6, 2017.
  12. "UN Security Council Resolutions on North Korea". Arms Control Association. Archived from the original on 15 April 2017. Retrieved 21 September 2016.
  13. "North Korea nuclear news". 9News. 9 March 2018. Retrieved March 9, 2018.
  14. "UN General Assembly slams Pyongyang's human rights record". China Post. 21 December 2011. Archived from the original on 18 May 2013. Retrieved 13 January 2012.
  15. "North Korea's Kim Jong Un wages defector crackdown". Los Angeles Times. 5 January 2012. Archived from the original on 8 January 2012. Retrieved 13 January 2012.
    "N. Korea's killing of 3 would-be defectors". The Dong-A Ilbo. 4 January 2012. Archived from the original on 16 November 2012. Retrieved 13 January 2012.
    "Boomerangs Usually Come Back". Daily NK. 11 January 2011. Archived from the original on 13 January 2012. Retrieved 13 January 2012.
    "Harsh Punishments for Poor Mourning". Daily NK. 11 January 2011. Archived from the original on 24 August 2013. Retrieved 13 January 2012.
  16. Reuters. "Kim Jong Un says he's 'open to dialogue' with South Korea so North Korea can compete in the Olympics — and Seoul wants to talk". Business Insider.
  17. Kim, Hyung-Jin (3 January 2018). "North Korea reopens cross-border communication channel with South Korea". Chicago Tribune. AP. Archived from the original on 4 January 2018. Retrieved 5 January 2018.
  18. "North Korean leader to visit South for first time". Korea JoongAng Daily. March 8, 2018. Retrieved March 24, 2018.
  19. "Koreas make nuclear pledge after summit". BBC News. 27 April 2018. Retrieved 27 April 2018.
  20. CNN, Jeremy Diamond and Kevin Liptak. "Trump announces North Korea summit will be in Singapore". CNN.
  21. "Kim Jong Un Fast Facts". CNN. 27 December 2017. Retrieved 26 January 2018.
  22. News, World (5 April 2013). "Who is North Korea's secretive Kim Jong Un? Here is what we know". NBC News. Archived from the original on 27 August 2016.
  23. "Kim Jong-un: North Korea's Kim Anoints Youngest Son As Heir". The Huffington Post. 2 June 2009. Archived from the original on 4 March 2016.
  24. Kim Jong-un (Kim Jong Woon) – Leadership Succession Archived 25 February 2017 at the Wayback Machine. Global Security.org. 3 July 2009
  25. CNN, Chieu Luu. "Kim Jong Un caught smoking during anti-smoking drive". CNN. Archived from the original on 10 June 2016. Retrieved 10 June 2016.
  26. Berlinger, Joshua; Seo, Yoonjung (15 April 2020). "On North Korea's most important holiday, Kim Jong Un was nowhere to be seen". CNN. Retrieved 25 April 2020.
  27. "US source: North Korean leader in grave danger after surgery". CNN. 20 April 2020. Retrieved 20 April 2020.
  28. Koh, Byung-joon (21 April 2020). "No unusual signs about N.K. leader's health: government sources". Yonhap News Agency. Retrieved 21 April 2020.
  29. "Kim Jong-un: China sends doctors to check on health". The Guardian. Reuters. 25 April 2020. Retrieved 25 April 2020.

Other websites[change | change source]