Kim Jong-un

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
In this Korean name, the family name is Kim.
Kim Jong-un
김정은
金正恩
Kim Jong-un at the Workers' Party of Korea main building.png
Supreme Leader of North Korea
Assumed office
17 December 2011
Premier Choe Yong-rim
Preceded by Kim Jong-il
First Secretary of the Workers' Party of Korea
Assumed office
11 April 2012
Deputy Kim Yong-nam
Choe Yong-rim
Choe Ryong-hae
Ri Yong-ho
Preceded by Kim Jong-il (General Secretary)
First Chairman of the National Defence Commission
Assumed office
13 April 2012
Deputy Kim Yong-Chun
Ri Yong-mu
Jang Song-thaek
O Kuk-ryol
Preceded by Kim Jong-il (Chairman)
Supreme Commander of the Korean People's Army
Assumed office
30 December 2011[1]
Preceded by Kim Jong-il
Chairman of the Central Military Commission
Assumed office
11 April 2012
Acting: 17 December 2011 – 11 April 2012
Deputy Choe Ryong-hae
Ri Yong-ho
Preceded by Kim Jong-il
Vice Chairman of the Central Military Commission
In office
28 September 2010 – 11 April 2012
Serving with Ri Yong-ho
Leader Kim Jong-il
Preceded by Position established
Succeeded by Choe Ryong-hae
Ri Yong-ho
Personal details
Born 8 January 1983 or 1984 (age 34–35)[2]
Pyongyang, North Korea
Political party Workers' Party of Korea
Spouse(s) Ri Sol-ju
Alma mater Kim Il-sung University
Kim Il-sung Military University
Signature
Military service
Allegiance  North Korea
Years of service 2010–present
Rank Marshal of the Republic (공화국원수, Konghwaguk wonsu)
Commands Supreme Commander
Kim Jong-un
Chosŏn'gŭl 김정은
Hancha 金正恩[3]
Revised Romanization Gim Jeong(-)eun
McCune–Reischauer Kim Chŏngŭn

Kim Jong-un [4] (born 8 January 1982 or 1984)[5] is the current leader of Democratic Republic of North Korea since December 2011 upon the death of his father Kim Jong-il.

Early life[change | change source]

Kim was born in Pyongyang. According to reports first published in Japanese newspapers, he went to school in Switzerland near Bern. First reports claimed he attended the private English-language International School in Gümligen under the name "Chol-pak" or "Pak-chol" from 1993 to 1998.[6] He was described as shy, a good student who got along well with his classmates and was a basketball fan.[7]

Leadership[change | change source]

In December 2011, he became the leader of North Korea after his father, Kim Jong-il died on 17 December 2011. His grandfather, Kim Il-Sung was the first leader of North Korea.

On 9 March 2014, Kim Jong-un was elected unopposed to the Supreme People's Assembly.

Family executions[change | change source]

On 12 December 2013, North Korean news outlets reported that due to alleged "treachery", he had ordered the execution of his uncle Jang Song-thaek.[8] Kim Jong-un is widely believed to have ordered the assassination of his half-brother, Kim Jong-nam, in Malaysia in February 2017.[9][10]

Nuclear power[change | change source]

As of 2016, the United Nations has created five rounds of sanctions against North Korea for its nuclear program and missile tests.[11]

As of March 2018 a South Korean official Chung Eui-Yong made an announcement on North Korea in the White House briefing room that the North Korean leader Kim Jong Un told the South Koreans he is "committed to denuclearisation" and "North Korea will refrain from any further nuclear or missile tests." and is open to meeting President Donald Trump in North Korea.[12]

Human rights violations[change | change source]

Human rights violations under the leadership of Kim Jong-il were condemned by the UN General Assembly.[13] Press reports indicate that they are continuing under Kim Jong-un.[14]

2018 South Korean relations[change | change source]

In his 2018 New Year Speech, Kim said that he was open for dialogue with South Korea, in particularly with a view to taking part in the upcoming Winter Olympics in the South.[15] The Seoul–Pyongyang hotline was reopened after almost two years.[16] North and South Korea marched together in the Olympics opening ceremony under a unified flag.

Personal life[change | change source]

He is married to Ri Sol-ju. They married in 2009. They had a daughter in 2010. He attended a state school in Switzerland from 1998 to 2000 posing as a diplomat's son. Kim is reported to have later attended the Kim Il Sung Military University in Pyongyang from 2002 to 2007.[17] His mother died of cancer in 2004.[18]

In 2009, reports suggested that Kim Jong-un was a diabetic and suffered from hypertension.[19][20] He is also known to smoke cigarettes.[21]

References[change | change source]

  1. "N.Korea declares Kim Jong-Un commander of military". Agence France-Presse. 30 December 2011. Archived from the original on 24 February 2014. Retrieved 30 December 2011. 
  2. Harlan, Chico (7 January 2012). "For Kim Jong Eun, a choreographed rise". Washington Post. Retrieved 7 January 2012. 
  3. (Korean)"[北 막오른 김정은 시대]조선중앙통신 보도, 金正銀(X) 金正恩". Naver. 2 October 2010. Retrieved 2 December 2010. 
  4. (Korean)""청년대장 김정은"... 북 후계자 시사 벽보 찍혔다". Kyunghyang Shinmun. 25 September 2009. Retrieved 2 December 2010. 
  5. "Profile: Kim Jong-un". BBC News. 22 September 2010. Retrieved 28 September 2010. 
  6. Blaine Harden (3 June 2009). "Son Named Heir to North Korea's Kim Studied in Switzerland, Reportedly Loves NBA". The Washington Post. Archived from the original on 4 February 2011. 
    Peter Foster (8 June 2010). "Rare photos of Kim Jong-il's youngest son, Kim Jong-un, released". The Daily Telegraph. London, UK. Archived from the original on 11 June 2010. 
    Hall, Allan (25 November 2010). "Profile". The Sun. London, UK. Archived from the original on 2 December 2010. 
  7. "North Korean leader Kim Jong‑il 'names youngest son as successor'". The Guardian. London, UK. Associated Press. 2 June 2009. ISSN 0261-3077. Archived from the original on 16 October 2015. 
  8. Ahn, JH (August 10, 2016). "Kim Jong Un's executed uncle Jang Song Thaek reappears on N.Korean media". NKNews. Retrieved January 23, 2018. 
  9. DNA Confirms Assassination Victim Was Half Brother of Kim Jong-un, Malaysia Says New York Times. By Russell Goldman. 15 March 2017. Downloaded 6 May 2017.
  10. Kim Jong-un risks vital ties with China Korea Times. By Jun Ji-hye. February 16, 2017. Downloaded May 6, 2017.
  11. "UN Security Council Resolutions on North Korea". Arms Control Association. Archived from the original on 15 April 2017. Retrieved 21 September 2016. 
  12. "North Korea nuclear news". 9News. 9 March 2018. Retrieved March 9, 2018. 
  13. "UN General Assembly slams Pyongyang's human rights record". China Post. 21 December 2011. Archived from the original on 18 May 2013. Retrieved 13 January 2012. 
  14. "North Korea's Kim Jong Un wages defector crackdown". Los Angeles Times. 5 January 2012. Archived from the original on 8 January 2012. Retrieved 13 January 2012. 
    "N. Korea's killing of 3 would-be defectors". The Dong-A Ilbo. 4 January 2012. Archived from the original on 16 November 2012. Retrieved 13 January 2012. 
    "Boomerangs Usually Come Back". Daily NK. 11 January 2011. Archived from the original on 13 January 2012. Retrieved 13 January 2012. 
    "Harsh Punishments for Poor Mourning". Daily NK. 11 January 2011. Archived from the original on 24 August 2013. Retrieved 13 January 2012. 
  15. http://www.businessinsider.com/kim-jong-un-north-korea-south-korea-talks-2018-1
  16. Kim, Hyung-Jin (3 January 2018). "North Korea reopens cross-border communication channel with South Korea". Chicago Tribune. AP. Archived from the original on 4 January 2018. Retrieved 5 January 2018. 
  17. "Kim Jong Un Fast Facts". CNN. 27 December 2017. Retrieved 26 January 2018. 
  18. News, World (5 April 2013). "Who is North Korea's secretive Kim Jong Un? Here is what we know". NBC News. Archived from the original on 27 August 2016. 
  19. "Kim Jong-un: North Korea's Kim Anoints Youngest Son As Heir". The Huffington Post. 2 June 2009. Archived from the original on 4 March 2016. 
  20. Kim Jong-un (Kim Jong Woon) – Leadership Succession Archived 25 February 2017 at the Wayback Machine.. Global Security.org. 3 July 2009
  21. CNN, Chieu Luu. "Kim Jong Un caught smoking during anti-smoking drive". CNN. Archived from the original on 10 June 2016. Retrieved 10 June 2016. 

Other websites[change | change source]