Bern

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Bern
Berne
Aerial view of the Old City
Aerial view of the Old City
Coat of arms of BernBerne
Coat of arms
BernBerne is located in Switzerland
BernBerne
Bern
Berne
BernBerne is located in Canton of Bern
BernBerne
Bern
Berne
Coordinates: 46°57′N 7°27′E / 46.950°N 7.450°E / 46.950; 7.450Coordinates: 46°57′N 7°27′E / 46.950°N 7.450°E / 46.950; 7.450
Country Switzerland
Canton Bern
District Bern-Mittelland administrative district
Government
 • Executive Gemeinderat
with 5 members
 • Mayor Stadtpräsident (list)
Alec von Graffenried GFL
(as of January 2017)
 • Parliament Stadtrat
with 80 members
Area[1]
 • Total 51.62 km2 (19.93 sq mi)
Elevation (Bahnhofplatz) 540 m (1,770 ft)
Highest elevation (Könizberg) 674 m (2,211 ft)
Lowest elevation (Aare near to Eymatt) 481 m (1,578 ft)
Population (Dec 2016[2])
 • Total 133,115
 • Density 2,578.75/km2 (6,678.9/sq mi)
Demonym(s) English: Bernese, German: Berner(in), French: Bernois(e)
Postal code 3000–3030
SFOS number 0351
Localities Altenberg, Aaregg, Bümpliz, Bethlèhem, Beudenfeld, Bottingen, Breitenrain, Breitfeld, Brunnadern, Bottingen, Dählhözli, Engeried, Gäbelbach, Grosser Bremgartenrwald, Gryphenhübeli, Felsenau, Holligen, Innere Stadt, Kirchenfeld, Könizbergwald, Länggasse, Lorrain, Muesmatt, Murifeld, Neufeld, Sandrain, Schosshalde, Spitalacker, Stöckacker, Tiefenau, Wankdorf, Weissenbühl, Weissenstein
Surrounded by Bremgarten bei Bern, Frauenkappelen, Ittigen, Kirchlindach, Köniz, Mühleberg, Muri bei Bern, Neuenegg, Ostermundigen, Wohlen bei Bern, Zollikofen
Website www.bern.ch
SFSO statistics

Bern is the capital city of Switzerland. It is also the capital of the canton of Bern.

As of early 2006, 127.000 people live in the city.

History[change | change source]

Bern was started in 1191 by Berchthold V. von Zähringen. A legend says that he said he would name the city after the next animal he caught. So when he caught a bear (German: "Bär") the city was named Bern. Zähringen built the city in the half-circle the river Aare makes.

Traffic[change | change source]

Public streetcars and buses are run by an organization called BernMobil. There are 3 streetcar lines and about 15 bus lines. Most of the lines are in the city but some travel away from the city. There is also the Marzilibahn, a funicular (inclined- or cliff-railway) which goes from the banks of the Aare up to the Federal Building (German: "Bundeshaus"). The Marzilibahn is 105 meters long. It is the shortest funicular in Europe. Another funicular, called the Gurtenbahn, goes from the section of Bern called Wabern, which is on the river Aare, up to the top of Gurten, a large hill 585 meters high that is just south of Bern. A small airport, Belpmoos, is located a short distance south of Bern in Belp.

Folk Festivals[change | change source]

Zibelemärit (onion market)[change | change source]

Each year, on the 4th Monday in November, there is the Onion Market in Bern, where onions are sold. Many people visit the market in the early morning and throw confetti. They also hit other people with hammers made out of plastic

Aareleuchten (glowing Aare)[change | change source]

Since 1996, every August 1 (a national holiday in Switzerland) they hold the Aareleuchten. The Aareleuchten is paid for by SwissAid. During the festival, people put small ships with a light in them into the river Aare. All of these small lights make the Aare "glow."

Gallery[change | change source]

  1. Arealstatistik Standard - Gemeindedaten nach 4 Hauptbereichen
  2. Swiss Federal Statistical Office - STAT-TAB, online database – Ständige und nichtständige Wohnbevölkerung nach institutionellen Gliederungen, Geburtsort und Staatsangehörigkeit (in German) accessed 30 August 2017