Sofia

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Sofia
София
National Assembly Square in central Sofia Eagles' Bridge detail
National Assembly Square in central Sofia Eagles' Bridge detail
Flag of Sofia
Coat of arms of Sofia
Motto(s): 
Расте, но не старее
(Grows but Does not Age)[1]
Sofia is located in Bulgaria
Sofia
Sofia
Position of Sofia in Bulgaria
Coordinates: 42°42′N 23°20′E / 42.700°N 23.333°E / 42.700; 23.333Coordinates: 42°42′N 23°20′E / 42.700°N 23.333°E / 42.700; 23.333
CountryBulgaria
ProvinceSofia-Capital
Settled by Thracians7th century BC
Government
 • Mayor of SofiaYordanka Fandakova (GERB)
Area
 • City1.349 km2 (0.521 sq mi)
Elevation
550 m (1,800 ft)
Population
 (Census 2011 (City and Urban),
Forecast for 2012 (Metro)[2])
 • City1,270,284
 • Density944/km2 (2,440/sq mi)
 • Urban
1,359,520
 • Metro
1,380,000 (Metro area)
1,495,000 (Metro region)
Time zoneUTC+2 (EET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+3 (EEST)
Postal code
1000
Area code(s)(+359) 02
Websitewww.Sofia.bg

Sofia is the capital and the largest city of Republic of Bulgaria. It has 1.3 million people. It is the 15th largest city of the European Union.[3] Sofia is in the west of Bulgaria.

Sofia is one of the oldest capital cities in Europe; the history of Sofia dates back to the 8th century BC.

Many of the major universities, cultural institutions, and businesses of Bulgaria are concentrated in Sofia.

At 550 m (1,800 ft) above sea level, Sofia is the third highest capital in Europe (after the Andorran capital Andorra la Vella and the Spanish capital Madrid). It has a humid continental climate (Dfb in the Köppen climate classification).

References[change | change source]

  1. "Sofia Trough Centuries". Sofia Municipality. Archived from the original on 2009-08-19. Retrieved 2009-10-16.
  2. Sofia Master Plan Archived 2012-04-02 at the Wayback Machine, Sofia Metro Area - 1,280,000 in 2001 and 1,450,000 in 2020, equal to 1,378,000 in 2012; Sofia Metro Region - 1,435,000 in 2001 and 1,540,000 in 2020, equal to 1,495,000 in 2012
  3. "Population table by permanent and present address as of 12 June 2006" (in Bulgarian). Head Direction of Residential Registration and Administrative Service. Retrieved 2006-06-15.

Other websites[change | change source]

Media related to Sofia at Wikimedia Commons