Malta

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Republic of Malta
Repubblika ta' Malta  (Maltese)
Flag of Malta
Flag
Coat of arms of Malta
Coat of arms
Anthem: L-Innu Malti
The Maltese Hymn
Location of  Malta  (Green circle)– on the European continent  (light green & dark grey)– in the European Union  (light green)  —  [Legend]
Location of  Malta  (Green circle)

– on the European continent  (light green & dark grey)
– in the European Union  (light green)  —  [Legend]

Capital Valletta
35°54′N 14°31′E / 35.900°N 14.517°E / 35.900; 14.517
Largest city Birkirkara
Official languages Maltese
Maltese Sign Language[1]
English
Ethnic groups (2011[2])
Demonym Maltese
Government Unitary parliamentary republic
Marie Louise Coleiro Preca
Joseph Muscat
Legislature House of Representatives
Independence from the United Kingdom
21 September 1964
• Republic
13 December 1974
Area
• Total
316[3] km2 (122 sq mi) (186th)
• Water (%)
0.001
Population
• 2014 estimate
445,426[4] (171st)
• 2011 census
416,055[2]
• Density
1,410[2]/km2 (3,651.9/sq mi) (7th)
GDP (PPP) 2017 estimate
• Total
$18.404 billion[5]
• Per capita
$42,239[5]
GDP (nominal) 2017 estimate
• Total
$11.164 billion[5]
• Per capita
$25,623[5]
Gini (2014)  27.7[6]
low · 15th
HDI (2015) Increase 0.856[7]
very high · 33rd
Currency Euro ()[b] (EUR)
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
• Summer (DST)
CEST (UTC+2)
Date format dd/mm/yyyy (AD)
Drives on the left
Calling code +356
Patron saints Paul the Apostle, Saint Publius and Agatha of Sicily[8]
ISO 3166 code MT
Internet TLD .mt[c]
Website
www.gov.mt
  1. ^  Maltese nationals as referred to in the 2011 census.[2]
  2. ^  Maltese lira before 2008.
  3. ^  Also .eu, shared with other European Union member states.

Malta is an island located in Europe. It is near the center of the Mediterranean Sea, south of Sicily. The capital of Malta is Valletta. About 400,000 people live in Malta. Malta is one of the most densely populated countries in the world. Because of this, it has many cities and towns, that grew close to each other over time.

Language[change | change source]

Maltese is the national language of Malta, with Maltese and English serving as official languages in line with the constitution of the country. A majority of the people of Malta can speak three languages; Maltese, English and Italian.

Money[change | change source]

Malta had its own currency, called the Maltese Lira until 2008. The Maltese Lira was better known as the Maltese Pound because of the strong links to the United Kingdom. One Maltese Lira consisted of 100 cents. In 2008 Malta joined the Euro countries in adopting the Euro as the National Currency.

History[change | change source]

People have lived in Malta since at least 5200 BC. The island has some key archaeological locations dating from early times.

Malta became well known as the base of the Knights of St John. They moved to Malta after being forced to leave Palestine and then Rhodes, in Greece. The knights and the Maltese people survived a great attack by the Turks. The history of the knights at Malta continued the strong Roman Catholic beliefs in the country that were started by the Norman and Spanish rulers.

In 1798, Napoleon took control of Malta. The French rule was not popular and in 1800 Maltese rebels invited the English Royal Navy to come to the island. This led to 200 years as a British colony and independent Commonwealth member.

During the Second World War, Malta was again attacked this time by the Axis forces. The entire island was symbolically given the George Cross for heroism.

Malta became independent in 1964 and a republic in 1974. In 2004 Malta joined the European Union and in 2008 Malta joined the Euro.

Notes[change | change source]

  1. "Maltese sign language to be recognized as an official language of Malta". The Malta Independent. 
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 Census 2011. National Statistics Office, Malta
  3. Zammit, Andre (1986). "Valletta and the system of human settlements in the Maltese Islands". Ekistics (Athens Center of Ekistics) 53 (316/317): 89–95.
  4. "Estimated Population by Locality 31st March, 2014". Government of Malta. 16 May 2014. Archived from the original on 21 June 2015. 
  5. 5.0 5.1 5.2 5.3 "Malta". International Monetary Fund. 
  6. "Gini coefficient of equivalised disposable income (source: SILC)". Eurostat Data Explorer. Retrieved 4 December 2015. 
  7. "2016 Human Development Report". United Nations Development Programme. 2016. Retrieved 25 March 2017. 
  8. Lesley, Anne Rose (15 April 2009). Frommer's Malta and Gozo Day by Day. John Wiley & Sons. p. 139. ISBN 0470746106. 

Other websites[change | change source]