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Coordinates: 47°N 29°E / 47°N 29°E / 47; 29

Republic of Moldova
Republica Moldova (Romanian)
Flag Coat of arms
Limba Noastră
"Our Language"
Location of Moldova (green) and Transnistria (light green) in Europe.
Location of Moldova (green) and
Transnistria (light green) in Europe.
and largest city
47°0′N 28°55′E / 47°N 28.917°E / 47; 28.917
Official languages Romanian a[1][2][3]
Recognised regional languages Bulgarian, Gagauz, Ukrainian
Demonym Moldovan
Government Unitary parliamentary republic
 -  President Nicolae Timofti
 -  Prime minister Pavel Filip
Legislature Parliament
Independence from the USSR
 -  Sovereignty declared 23 June 1990 
 -  Independence declared 27 August 1991b 
 -  Recognized 25 December 1991 
 -  Constitution adopted 29 July 1994 
 -  Total 33,846 km2 (138th)
13,067 sq mi
 -  Water (%) 1.4
 -  2014 estimate 2,913,281[8]
(excluding Transnistria)
 -  2004 census 3,383,332[9]
(excluding Transnistria)
(including Transnistria)
 -  Density 105/km2 (101st)
272/sq mi
GDP (PPP) 2016 estimate
 -  Total $18.057 billion[11]
 -  Per capita $5,082 [11]
GDP (nominal) 2016 estimate
 -  Total $6.084 billion[11]
 -  Per capita $1,712 [11]
Gini (2010)  33.0[12]
HDI (2014) Increase 0.693[13]
medium · 107th
Currency Leu (MDL)
Time zone EET (UTC+2)
 -  Summer (DST) EEST (UTC+3)
Drives on the right
Calling code +373
Patron saint Saint George
Internet TLD .md
a. As determined by the Moldovan Declaration of Independence, which the Constitutional court of Moldova found to take precedence over Article 13 of the Constitution, which uses the name "Moldovan".[1]
b. Date of proclamation. Independence subsequently finalized with the dissolution of the USSR in December 1991.

Moldova (Listeni/mɒlˈdvə/ or sometimes UK /ˈmɒldəvə/[14][15][16]) is a country in Eastern Europe. Its full name is the Republic of Moldova (Romanian: Republica Moldova, Loudspeaker.png listen (info • help).) It used to be called Moldavia.

The official language in Moldova is the Moldovan language, which is very similar to the Romanian language. The capital of Moldova is Chișinău.

The Moldova economy's growth is around 7 per-cent, and has the third fastest growing economy of Europe.[17] But in this respect the average monthly salary/wages are still low standing at only $243 USD.[18] [19] Moldova is an associated country for future membership in the EU.[20]

Related pages[change | change source]

References[change | change source]

  1. 1.0 1.1 "Chișinău Recognizes Romanian As Official Language". Associated Press. Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty. 5 December 2013. Retrieved 6 December 2013.
  2. Roudik, Peter (23 December 2013). "Moldova: Romanian Recognized as the Official Language". Law Library of Congress. Retrieved 13 June 2014.
  3. "The text of the Declaration of Independence prevails over the text of the Constitution". Constitutional Court of Moldova. 5 December 2013. Retrieved 13 June 2014.
  4. "On the situation of Russian schools in Moldova". OSCE. July 14, 2011.
  5. "Law of the Moldavian Soviet Socialist Republic on the Functioning of Languages on the Territory of the Moldavian SSR". U.S. English Foundation Research. 2016.
  6. "Ион Гучак: На русском языке свободно говорит половина молдаван". Русский Мир. October 17, 2013.
  7. "Russian language in Moldova could lose their status (Русский язык в Молдове может потерять свой статус)". KORRESPONDENT. April 6, 2013.
  8. National Bureau of Statistics of Moldova (2 January 2015). "Preliminary results of the 2014 census". Press release.
  9. "National Bureau of Statistics of Moldova" (in Romanian). Retrieved 9 October 2013.
  10. "2004 census in Transnistria" (in Russian). Retrieved 9 October 2013.
  11. 11.0 11.1 11.2 11.3 "World Economic Outlook Database, April 2016". International Monetary Fund. April 2016. Retrieved 14 April 2016.
  12. "World Development Indicators: Distribution of income or consumption". The World Bank. 2014.
  13. "2015 Human Development Report". United Nations Development Programme. 2015. Retrieved 15 December 2015.
  14. "Moldova". Oxford Dictionaries. Oxford University Press. Retrieved 30 January 2016.
  15. "Moldova". Unabridged. Random House. Retrieved 30 January 2016.
  16. The Free Dictionary: Moldova