Moldova

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Coordinates: 47°N 29°E / 47°N 29°E / 47; 29

Republic of Moldova
Republica Moldova (Romanian)
Flag of Moldova
Flag
Coat of arms of Moldova
Coat of arms
Anthem: 
Limba Noastră
"Our Language"
Location of Moldova (green) and Transnistria (light green) in Europe.
Location of Moldova (green) and
Transnistria (light green) in Europe.
Capital
and largest city
Chișinău
Official languages Romanian a[1][2][3]
Recognised regional languages Bulgarian, Gagauz, Ukrainian
Inter-ethnic
language
Russian[4][5][6][7]
Demonym Moldovan
Government Unitary parliamentary republic
Igor Dodon
Pavel Filip
Legislature Parliament
Independence from the USSR
23 June 1990
27 August 1991b
25 December 1991
• Constitution adopted
29 July 1994
Area
• Total
33,846 km2 (13,068 sq mi) (138th)
• Water (%)
1.4
Population
• 2014 estimate
2,913,281[8]
(excluding Transnistria)
(133rd)
• 2004 census
3,383,332[9]
(excluding Transnistria)
3,938,679[10]
(including Transnistria)
• Density
105/km2 (271.9/sq mi) (101st)
GDP (PPP) 2016 estimate
• Total
$18.057 billion[11]
• Per capita
$5,082 [11]
GDP (nominal) 2016 estimate
• Total
$6.084 billion[11]
• Per capita
$1,712 [11]
Gini (2010)  33.0[12]
medium
HDI (2014) Increase 0.693[13]
medium · 107th
Currency Leu (MDL)
Time zone EET (UTC+2)
• Summer (DST)
EEST (UTC+3)
Drives on the right
Calling code +373
Patron saint Saint George
ISO 3166 code MD
Internet TLD .md
  1. As determined by the Moldovan Declaration of Independence, which the Constitutional court of Moldova found to take precedence over Article 13 of the Constitution, which uses the name "Moldovan".[1]
  2. Date of proclamation. Independence subsequently finalized with the dissolution of the USSR in December 1991.

Moldova is a country in Eastern Europe.[14][15][16] Its full name is the Republic of Moldova (Romanian: Republica Moldova, About this sound listen .) It used to be called Moldavia.

The official language in Moldova is the Moldovan language, which is very similar to the Romanian language. The capital of Moldova is Chișinău.

The Moldova economy's growth is around 7 per-cent, and has the third fastest growing economy of Europe.[17] But in this respect the average monthly salary/wages are still low standing at only $243 USD.[18] Moldova is an associated country for future membership in the EU.[19]

Related pages[change | change source]

References[change | change source]

  1. 1.0 1.1 "Chișinău recognizes Romanian as official language". Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty. Associated Press. 5 December 2013. Retrieved 6 December 2013. 
  2. Roudik, Peter (23 December 2013). "Moldova: Romanian recognized as the official language". Law Library of Congress. Retrieved 13 June 2014. 
  3. "The text of the Declaration of Independence prevails over the text of the Constitution". Constitutional Court of Moldova. 5 December 2013. Retrieved 13 June 2014. 
  4. "On the situation of Russian schools in Moldova". OSCE. July 14, 2011. 
  5. "Law of the Moldavian Soviet Socialist Republic on the functioning of languages on the territory of the Moldavian SSR". U.S. English Foundation Research. 2016. 
  6. "Ион Гучак: На русском языке свободно говорит половина молдаван". Русский Мир. October 17, 2013. 
  7. "Russian language in Moldova could lose their status (Русский язык в Молдове может потерять свой статус)". KORRESPONDENT. April 6, 2013. 
  8. National Bureau of Statistics of Moldova (2 January 2015). "Preliminary results of the 2014 census". Press release. http://www.statistica.md/public/files/Recensamint/Recensamint_pop_2014/Nota_informativa_Preliminare_Recensamint_2014.pdf.
  9. "National Bureau of Statistics of Moldova" (in Romanian). Retrieved 9 October 2013. 
  10. "2004 census in Transnistria" (in Russian). www.languages-study.com. Retrieved 9 October 2013. 
  11. 11.0 11.1 11.2 11.3 "World Economic Outlook Database, April 2016". International Monetary Fund. April 2016. Retrieved 14 April 2016. 
  12. "World Development Indicators: Distribution of income or consumption". The World Bank. 2014. 
  13. "2015 Human Development Report" (PDF). United Nations Development Programme. 2015. Retrieved 15 December 2015. 
  14. "Moldova". Oxford Dictionaries. Oxford University Press. Retrieved 30 January 2016. 
  15. "Moldova". Dictionary.com Unabridged. Random House. Retrieved 30 January 2016. 
  16. The Free Dictionary: Moldova
  17. "The World Factbook — Central Intelligence Agency". Retrieved 8 December 2016. 
  18. www.eltonic.com, Eltonic -. "Average salary in Moldova goes up 8.2% - Moldova Azi". Retrieved 8 December 2016. 
  19. "Romania lobbies for EU entry 'perspective' for Moldova". Retrieved 8 December 2016.