Moldova

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Republic of Moldova
Republica Moldova
Anthem: Limba Noastră  
Our Language
Location of Moldova (green) – Transnistria (light green) on the European continent (green + dark grey)
Location of Moldova (green) – Transnistria (light green)
on the European continent (green + dark grey)
Capital
and largest city
Flagge-Chisinau-01-10.png Chişinău
47°0′N 28°55′E / 47°N 28.917°E / 47; 28.917
Official languages Romanian1
Recognised regional languages Gagauz, Russian, and Ukrainian
Ethnic groups (2004) 75.8% Moldovans2,
8.3% Ukrainians,
5.9% Russians,
4.4% Gagauzes,
2.2% Romanians2,
1.9% Bulgarians,
1.5% others and unspecified [1]
(excl. Transnistria)
Demonym Moldovan, Moldavian
Government Parliamentary republic
 -  President Nicolae Timofti
 -  Prime Minister Vlad Filat
 -  President of the Parliament Marian Lupu
Consolidation
 -  Declaration of Sovereignty June 23, 1990 
 -  Declaration of Independence (from the Soviet Union)
August 27, 19913 
Area
 -  Total 33,846 km2 (138th)
13,067 sq mi 
 -  Water (%) 1.4
(incl. Transnistria)
Population
 -  2012 estimate 3,559,500[2] (129th3)
 -  2004 census Decrease 3,383,332[1]
(excl. Transnistria)
 -  Density 121.9/km2 (93rd)
316/sq mi
GDP (PPP) 2011 estimate
 -  Total $12.04 billion[3]
 -  Per capita $3,383[3]
GDP (nominal) 2011 estimate
 -  Total $7.20 billion[3]
 -  Per capita $2,022[3]
Gini (2006) 37.1
medium
HDI (2011) Increase 0.649[4]
medium · 111th
Currency Moldovan leu (MDL)
Time zone EET (UTC+2)
 -  Summer (DST) EEST (UTC+3)
Drives on the right
Calling code 373
Internet TLD .md
1. As determined by the Moldovan Declaration of Independence, which the Constitutional court of Moldova found to take precedence over Article 13 of the Constitution, which uses the name "Moldovan".[5]
2. There is a controversy whether Moldovans and Romanians are the same of different ethnic groups.
3. Proclaimed. Finalized along with the dissolution of the USSR in December 1991.
4. Ranking based on 2009 UN figure.
Location of Moldova

The Republic of Moldova is a country in Eastern Europe. The official language in Moldova is the Romanian language. The capital of Moldova is Chișinău.

The Moldova economy's growth is around 7 per-cent, and has the third fastest growing economy of Europe.[6] But in this respect the average monthly salary/wages are still low standing at only $243 USD.[7] [8] Moldova is an associated country for future membership in the EU.[9]

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References[change | edit source]