Transnistria

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Pridnestrovian Moldavian Republic

  • Република Молдовеняскэ Нистрянэ (Romanian)
    Republica Moldovenească Nistreană

  • Приднестрóвская Молдáвская Респýблика (Russian)
    Pridnestrovskaya Moldavskaya Respublika

  • Придністровська Молдавська Республіка (Ukrainian)
    Prydnistrovśka Moldavśka Respublika
Flag
Flag
Emblem of Transnistria
Emblem
Anthem: 
Мы славим тебя, Приднестровье (Russian)
My slavim tebya, Pridnestrovye  (transliteration)
We sing the praises of Transnistria

Location of Transnistria
Status Unrecognized state
Recognized by the United Nations as de jure part of Moldova
Capital
and largest city
Tiraspol
Official languages
Inter-ethnic
language
script: Cyrillic (Moldovan alphabet),[source?] Russian[2][3][4]
Ethnic groups (2004 census)
Demonym Transnistrian, Pridnestrovian
Government Unitary semi-presidential republic
Vadim Krasnoselsky
Aleksandr Martynov
Alexander Shcherba
Legislature Supreme Council
Partially recognised state
2 September 1990
2 March – 21 July 1992
• Recognition
3 non-UN membersc
Area
• Total
4,163 km2 (1,607 sq mi)
• Water (%)
2.35
Population
• 2015 census
475,665[5]
• Density
114/km2 (295.3/sq mi)
Currency Transnistrian rubled (PRB)
Time zone EET (UTC+2)
• Summer (DST)
EEST (UTC+3)
Calling code +373e
ISO 3166 code MD
Internet TLD nonef
  1. Russian is the main official language.
  2. The Romanian language written in Cyrillic script is officially called Moldovan in Transnistria.
  3. Limited to the breakaway Republic of Abkhazia, Republic of Artsakh and South Ossetia (see Community for Democracy and Rights of Nations).
  4. Moldovan leu used in those areas under Moldovan control and in the security zone.
  5. +373 5 and +373 2.
  6. .ru and .md sometimes used.

Transnistria, officially Pridnestrovskaia Moldavskaia Respublica, PMR (short form: Pridnestrovie) is an unrecognized state in Eastern Europe.

The country is recognized by three other partially or unrecognized states, Abkhazia, Nargorno-Karabakh Republic, and South Ossetia. The country declared independence from Moldova on 2 September 1990. With the help of the Russian army, it defeated the Moldovan army in the War of Transnistria.

There has been peace since 1992, but the Council of Europe calls Transnistria a "frozen conflict" region.

There is argument about whether it is really a country or not. The region continues to boast independence, and acts independently over its territory with the help of peacekeeping forces from foreign countries.

In a vote in 17 September 2006, 97% voted to be free from Moldova. This vote has not been accepted by Moldova.

References[change | change source]

  1. "Конституция Приднестровской Молдавской Республики". Официальный сайт Президента ПМР. 
  2. "On the situation of Russian schools in Moldova". OSCE. 14 July 2011. 
  3. "Law of the Moldavian Soviet Socialist Republic on the Functioning of Languages on the Territory of the Moldavian SSR". U.S. English Foundation Research. 2016. 
  4. "Russian language in Moldova could lose their status (Русский язык в Молдове может потерять свой статус)". KORRESPONDENT. 6 April 2013. 
  5. Populația Transnistriei a scăzut cu 14,3 la sută