Puppet state

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A puppet state is a country that is officially independent but is not so in practice. Puppet governments are usually kept in power by military force provided by an occupying country.

It is a biased term and is used in criticizing the government of the alleged puppet state.

Examples[change | change source]

Examples of puppet states before World War II are:

World War II[change | change source]

In World War II the Axis countries created some puppet states, like:

After Italy surrendered in World War II the Italian Social Republic was a puppet state created by Germany.

Cold War[change | change source]

During the Cold War (1945-1989) these Eastern European countries were puppet states of the Soviet Union:

  • People's Republic of Bulgaria (Soviet Union)
  • Czechoslovak Socialist

Republic (Soviet Union)

  • East Germany (Soviet Union)
  • Hungarian People's Republic (Soviet Union)
  • Socialist Republic of Romania (Soviet Union)
  • Polish People's Republic (Soviet Union)
  • Democratic Republic of Albania (Soviet Union)
  • Mongolian People's Republic (Soviet Union)
  • North Korea (Soviet Union) , (until 1976)

Next are economic puppets:

  • Austria (mostly in the north east including Vienna and the old Soviet occupation zone until 1955) (Soviet Union)

In some of these countries the people overthrew the government, but each time they did that (before 1989) the Soviet Union and some of its other puppet states invaded and put the old government back in power. The Soviet Union had also some puppet states outside Europe, such as Mongolia. Some of these countries had more independence from the Soviet Union. For example, the Romanian government sided against the Soviets when they went into Czechoslovakia.

The United States also had some puppet states during the Cold War:

  • Cuba (United States) , (before 1959)
  • Guatemala (United States) , (until 1991)
  • South Korea A.K.A United States Army Military Government in Korea (United States) , (Until 1948)
  • Republic of Vietnam A.K.A South Vietnam (United States), (Until 1975)
  • Japan A.K.A Allied Occupation of Japan (United States) , (Until 1952)

Now[change | change source]

There are these countries that can be called puppet states now:

Related pages[change | change source]