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Црна Гора
Crna Gora
Flag Coat of arms
Oj, svijetla majska zoro
Ој, свијетла мајска зоро  (Montenegrin Cyrillic)
Oh, Bright Dawn of May
Location of  Montenegro  (Green)on the European continent  (Dark Grey)  —  [Legend]
Location of  Montenegro  (Green)

on the European continent  (Dark Grey)  —  [Legend]

and largest city
Grb Podgorice2.png Podgoricaa
42°47′N 19°28′E / 42.783°N 19.467°E / 42.783; 19.467
Official languages Montenegrin
Official regional
Ethnic groups (2011[2])
Demonym Montenegrin
 -  President Filip Vujanović
 -  Prime Minister Milo Đukanović
 -  Speaker of the Parliament Ranko Krivokapić
 -  Crown Princeb Nikola II Petrović-Njegoš
Legislature Skupština
 -  Duklja was vassal of Byzantine empire in 6th century 
 -  Semi-independent dukedom of Duklja(Doclea) 9th century 
 -  Kingdom of Zeta recognition 1077 
 -  Independent dukedom of Montenegro established 1356 
 -  Independent dukedom of Montenegro reestablished 1441 
 -  Principality founded 1 January 1852 
 -  Recognition by the Ottoman Empire
 -  Kingdom proclaimed 28 August 1910 
 -  Independence from
Serbia and Montenegro

3 June 2006 
 -  Total 13,812 km2 (161st)
5,019 sq mi
 -  Water (%) 1.5
 -  2011 census 625,266
 -  Density 498/km2 (121st)
115.6/sq mi
GDP (PPP) 2012 estimate
 -  Total $7.340 billion[3]
 -  Per capita $11,800[3] (69th)
GDP (nominal) 2012 estimate
 -  Total $4.280 billion[3]
 -  Per capita $6,881[3] (77th)
HDI (2013) Increase 0.791[4]
high · 52nd
Currency Euro ()c (EUR)
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 -  Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Drives on the right
Calling code +382
Internet TLD .me
a. Constitution names Cetinje as the Old Royal Capital (prijestonica) of Montenegro.
b. Honorary title.
c. Adopted unilaterally; Montenegro has no own currency but adopted the Euro.
Montenegro municipalities.png

Montenegro (meaning Black Mountain) is a country in Southeastern Europe. It is on the Adriatic Sea, between Albania (to the South) and Croatia to the North. Inland (to the East and South-East) it also has a common border with Serbia, Kosovo and Bosnia and Herzegovina.

The country came to exist when its people decided to split from the country Serbia and Montenegro on May 21, 2006. For most of the 20th century it was part of Yugoslavia. It had also been independent before World War I and existed as a kingdom. Its leader is Filip Vujanović.

The national song is called Oj, svijetla majska zoro
Montenegrin Cyrillic: Ој, свијетла мајска зоро
"Oh, Bright Dawn of May".

The size of the economy's GDP is $4.114 billion and it has a population of 625,000 people. The traditional old capital of Montenegro is Cetinje, but Podgorica is the new one. The country adopted the Euro unilaterally as Montenegro has no own currency, but the adoption has raised national debt to 57 percent of GDP in 2011.[5]

Related pages[change | change source]

References[change | change source]