Montenegro

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Montenegro
Црна Гора
Crna Gora
Flag of Montenegro
Flag
Coat of arms of Montenegro
Coat of arms
Anthem: 
Oj, svijetla majska zoro
Ој, свијетла мајска зоро  (Montenegrin Cyrillic)
Oh, Bright Dawn of May
Location of  Montenegro  (Green)on the European continent  (Dark Grey)  —  [Legend]
Location of  Montenegro  (Green)

on the European continent  (Dark Grey)  —  [Legend]

Capital
and largest city
Podgorica Coat of Arms.png Podgoricaa
Official languages Montenegrin
Official regional
languages
[1]
Ethnic groups (2011[2])
Demonym Montenegrin
Government
Filip Vujanović
Milo Đukanović
• Speaker of the Parliament
Ranko Krivokapić
Nikola II Petrović-Njegoš
Legislature Skupština
Events
• Duklja was vassal of Byzantine empire in
6th century
9th century
• Kingdom of Zeta recognition
1077
1356
1441
• Principality founded
1 January 1852
• Recognition by the Ottoman Empire

1878
• Kingdom proclaimed
28 August 1910

3 June 2006
Area
• Total
13,812 km2 (5,333 sq mi) (161st)
• Water (%)
1.5
Population
• 2011 census
625,266
• Density
498/km2 (1,289.8/sq mi) (121st)
GDP (PPP) 2012 estimate
• Total
$7.340 billion[3]
• Per capita
$11,800[3] (69th)
GDP (nominal) 2012 estimate
• Total
$4.280 billion[3]
• Per capita
$6,881[3] (77th)
HDI (2013) Increase 0.791[4]
high · 52nd
Currency Euro ()c (EUR)
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
• Summer (DST)
CEST (UTC+2)
Drives on the right
Calling code +382
ISO 3166 code ME
Internet TLD .me
  1. Constitution names Cetinje as the Old Royal Capital (prijestonica) of Montenegro.
  2. Honorary title.
  3. Adopted unilaterally; Montenegro has no own currency but adopted the Euro.
Montenegro municipalities.png

Montenegro (meaning Black Mountain) is a country in Southeastern Europe. It is on the Adriatic Sea, between Albania (to the South) and Croatia to the North. Inland (to the East and South-East) it also has a common border with Serbia, Kosovo and Bosnia and Herzegovina.

The country came to exist when its people decided to split from the country Serbia and Montenegro on May 21, 2006. For most of the 20th century it was part of Yugoslavia. It had also been independent before World War I and existed as a kingdom. Its leader is Filip Vujanović.

The national song is called Oj, svijetla majska zoro
Montenegrin Cyrillic: Ој, свијетла мајска зоро
"Oh, Bright Dawn of May."

The size of the economy's GDP is $4.114 billion and it has a population of 625,000 people. The traditional old capital of Montenegro is Cetinje, but Podgorica is the new one. The country adopted the Euro unilaterally as Montenegro does not have its own currency, but the adoption has raised the national debt to 57 percent of GDP in 2011.[5]

Related pages[change | change source]

References[change | change source]

  1. "Language and alphabet Article 13". Constitution of Montenegro. WIPO. 19 October 2007. Serbian, Bosniac, Albanian and Croatian shall also be in the official use. 
  2. "Census of Population, Households and Dwellings in Montenegro 2011" (PDF). Monstat. Retrieved 12 July 2011. 
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 3.3 "Montenegro". International Monetary Fund. Retrieved 17 April 2013. 
  4. "Human Development Report 2011" (PDF). United Nations. 2011. Retrieved 5 November 2011. 
  5. "EU prijeti Crnoj Gori ukidanjem eura: Niste sposobni za našu valutu" [EU threatens revoking the euro from Montenegro: You're not capable enough for our currency] (in Croatian). Index.hr. 2011-06-01. Retrieved 2011-09-09.  Cite uses deprecated parameter |trans_title= (help)