Socialist Republic of Croatia

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Federal State of Croatia (1943–1945)
Federalna Država Hrvatska  (Croatian)

People's Republic of Croatia (1946–1963)
Narodna Republika Hrvatska  (Croatian)


Socialist Republic of Croatia (1963–1990)
Socijalistička Republika Hrvatska  (Croatian)


Republic of Croatia (1990–1991)
Republika Hrvatska  (Croatian)
1943–1991
Anthem: "Lijepa naša domovino" (1972–1991)[1]
(English: "Our Beautiful Homeland")
Location of Croatia in Yugoslavia
Location of Croatia in Yugoslavia
StatusConstituent republic of Yugoslavia
CapitalZagreb
Common languagesCroato-Serb
(Croatian standard)
Government1945–1948:
Marxist–Leninist one-party socialist republic
1948–1990:
Titoist one-party socialist republic
1990–1991:
Semi-presidential constitutional republic
Head of state 
• 1943–1949 (first)
Vladimir Nazor
• 1990–1991 (last)
Franjo Tuđman
Head of government 
• 1945–1953 (first)
Vladimir Bakarić
• 1990–1991 (last)
Josip Manolić
Party leader 
• 1943–1944 (first)
Andrija Hebrang
• 1989–1990 (last)
Ivica Račan
LegislatureSabor
Chamber of Counties (1990–1991)
Chamber of Representatives (1990–1991)
Historical eraCold War
• ZAVNOH
13 and 14 June 1943
8 May 1945
1971
22 December 1990
19 May 1991
25 June 1991
March 1991 – November 1995
Area
199156,594[2] km2 (21,851 sq mi)
Population
• 1991
4,784,265[3]
HDI (1991)Decrease 0.672
medium
ISO 3166 codeHR
Preceded by
Succeeded by
Independent State of Croatia
Democratic Federal Yugoslavia
Kingdom of Hungary
Kingdom of Italy
Free Territory of Trieste
Croatia
SAO Eastern Slavonia, Baranja and Western Syrmia
SAO Krajina
Dubrovnik Republic
  1. ^ Referred to in the 1974 Constitution as the "Croatian Literary Language" and as the "Croat or Serb language"[4]

The Socialist Republic of Croatia (Croatian: Socijalistička Republika Hrvatska), or SR Croatia, was a constituent republic of the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia. It is the predecessor of modern-day Croatia.

It was formed during World War II and became a socialist republic after the war. It had four full official names during its 48-year existence. By territory and population, it was the second largest republic in Yugoslavia, after the Socialist Republic of Serbia.

In 1990, the government dismantled the single-party system of government – installed by the League of Communists – and adopted a multi-party democracy. The newly elected government of Franjo Tuđman moved the republic towards independence, formally seceding from Yugoslavia in 1991 and thereby contributing to its dissolution.

References[change | change source]

  1. "Državna obilježja" [State symbols] (in Croatian). Ministry of Foreign and European Affairs (Croatia). Retrieved 25 July 2012.
  2. Dolezal, Dalibor (2016). Arnull, Elaine; Fox, Darrell (eds.). Cultural Perspectives on Youth Justice: Connecting Theory, Policy and International Practice. New York City: Springer. p. 87. ISBN 978-1-13743-397-8.
  3. "POPULATION BY ETHNICITY, 1971 – 2011 CENSUSES". Croatian Bureau of Statistics. Retrieved 6 October 2021.
  4. "Ustav Socijalističke Republike Hrvatske (1974), Član 138" [Constitution of the Socialist Republic of Croatia (1974), Article 138] (PDF) (in Croatian). Narodne novine. 22 February 1974. Retrieved 24 July 2012.