Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia

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Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia

Socijalistička Federativna Republika Jugoslavija
Социјалистичка Федеративна Република Југославија
1945–1992
Flag of Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia
Flag
{{{coat_alt}}}
Coat of arms
Motto: Bratstvo i jedinstvo
"Brotherhood and Unity"
Anthem: "Hej, Sloveni'"'
"Hej, Sloveni"
Location of Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia
CapitalBelgrade
Common languagesSerbo-Croatian,
Slovene, and Macedonian
GovernmentVarious
President 
• 1945 - 1953 (first)
Ivan Ribar
• 1953 - 1980
Josip Broz Tito
• 1991 - 1992 (last)
Stjepan Mesić
Prime Minister 
• 1945 - 1953 (first)
Josip Broz Tito
• 1989 - 1991 (last)
Ante Marković
Historical eraCold War
• Proclamation
November 29 1945
24 October 1945
• Constitutional reform
21 February 1974
25 June 1991 - 27 April 1992 1992
Area
July 1989255,804 km2 (98,766 sq mi)
Population
• July 1989
23724919
CurrencyYugoslav dinar
Time zoneUTC+1
Calling code38
Preceded by
Succeeded by
Kingdom of Yugoslavia
Kingdom of Italy (1861–1946)
Slovenia
Croatia
Republic of Macedonia
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Federal Republic of Yugoslavia

The Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia was the Yugoslav state that existed from the second half of World War II (1945) until it was formally dissolved in 1992 (de facto dissolved in 1991 with no leaders representing it) amid the Yugoslav wars. It was a socialist state and a federation made up of Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia, Macedonia, Montenegro, Serbia, and Slovenia. In 1992, the two remaining states still committed to a union, Serbia and Montenegro, formed the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia, which had not been recognized as the successor of the SFRY by international leaders.

A provisional parliament met in August 1945, comprising delegates from all parts of the country plus 68 representatives of prewar political parties and 13 independents. Elections for a bicameral parliament, which was to comprise a federal council and a council of nationalities and was to have the powers of a constituent assembly, were held on 11 November 1945: no political opposition to the People's Front was allowed. This situation caused the three royalist representatives, Grol-Subasic-Juraj Sutej, to secede from the provisional government indeed voting was on a single list of People's Front candidates with provision for opposition votes to be cast in separate voting boxes but this procedure made electors identifiable by OZNA agents. A powerful election campaign was mounted to ensure a large majority for Josip Broz Tito's People's Front, the general organization behind which the communist party operated.[1][2]

Legacy[change | change source]

The modern countries whose territory formerly made up Yugoslavia are still today sometimes called the "former Yugoslavia". These countries are:

References[change | change source]

  1. Encyclopædia Britannica, 1967 edition, vol. 23, page 923, article: "Yugoslavia", section: communist Yugoslavia <<All persons over 18 years of age and enlisted people regardless of age were given the vote. Those accused of collaboration were disenfranchised. No political opposition to the People's Front was allowed>>
  2. Communist Yugoslavia, 1969, published in Australia by association of Yugoslav dissident emigrants, pages 4-75-115-208 <<Election was not in secret ballot because provision for opposition votes to be cast in separate voting made electors identifiable by OZNA agents>>