Serbia and Montenegro

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
State Union of Serbia and Montenegro
Државна Заједница Србија и Црна Гора
Državna zajednica Srbija i Crna Gora
Federal republic (1992-2003),
State Union (2003-2006)

1992–2006
 

Flag Coat of arms
Anthem
Hej, Sloveni
(English: "Hey, Slavs")
Capital Belgrade
Language(s) Serbo-Croatian (1992-1997)
Serbian (1997-2006)
Government Republic
President
 - 1992–1993 Dobrica Ćosić
 - 1993–1997 Zoran Lilić
 - 1997–2000 Slobodan Milošević
 - 2000–2003 Vojislav Koštunica
 - 2003–2006 Svetozar Marović
Prime Minister
 - 1992–1993 Milan Panić
 - 1993–1998 Radoje Kontić
 - 1998–2000 Momir Bulatović
 - 2000–2001 Zoran Žižić
 - 2001–2003 Dragiša Pešić
 - 2003-2006 Svetozar Marović
Historical era Post–Cold War
 - Constitution April 27, 1992
 - Established April 28, 1992
 - UN membership November 1, 2000
 - Reconstitution as the State Union February 4, 2003
 - Dissolution of the State Union June 5, 2006
Area
 - 2006 102,350 km2 (39,518 sq mi)
Population
 - 2006 est. 10,832,545 
     Density 105.8 /km2  (274.1 /sq mi)
Currency Yugoslav dinar (1992-2003)
Serbian dinar (Serbia 2003-2006)
Deutsche Mark (Montenegro 1999-2002)
Euro (Montenegro 2002-2006)
Internet TLD .yu
Calling code +381
¹Membership as FRY
ISO 3166-1=CS,UTC offset = +1

Serbia and Montenegro (Serbian: Србија и Црна Гора, Srbija i Crna Gora, abbreviated as "SCG") was the name of the state union of Serbia and Montenegro. They used to be two separate Yugoslav republics. In 2006, they became their own countries.

It was on the west-central Balkan Peninsula, next Bosnia and Herzegovina and Croatia on the western sides, Hungary to the north, Romania and Bulgaria to the east, the Republic of Macedonia to the south and Albania to the southwest, with just over 200 km of coast on the Adriatic.

Serbia and Montenegro worked together in only some political areas. The states had separate economic policies and currencies (money). Although both the states now had more freedom to do as they pleased then they did as Federal Republic of Yugoslavia, Serbia and Montenegro was still a Sovereign State united under one government.

The people of Montenegro still wanted independence though, on 21 May 2006 they held a vote to ask the Montenegrin's whether they still wanted to stay in the union. The vote for independence won by 55.5%. On 3 June 2006 Montenegro declared independence; followed by Serbia's deceleration of independence two days later on the 5 June.