ISO 3166-1

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ISO 3166-1, is part of the ISO 3166 standard. It gives a code for the names of countries and dependent territories, and is published by the International Organization for Standardization (ISO). The official name of the standard is Codes for the representation of names of countries and their subdivisions – Part 1: Country codes[1]

ISO 3166-1 is not the only standard for country codes. Many international organizations use their own country codes, where some of them closely correspond to the ISO 3166-1 codes.

Rules for inclusion[change | change source]

Currently, 244 countries and territories have official ISO 3166-1 codes. The only way to enter a new country name into ISO 3166-1 is to have it registered in one of the following two sources:[2]

To be listed in the bulletin Country Names, a country or territory must be any of the following:

Once a country name or territory name appears in either of these two sources, it will be added to ISO 3166-1 by default.

Officially assigned code elements[change | change source]

The following is a complete ISO 3166-1 encoding code list in alphabetical order by the English short country names officially used by the ISO 3166 Maintenance Agency (ISO 3166/MA), which uses country names from United Nations sources.[3] The table includes officially assigned codes only.

English short name (using title case) Alpha-2 code Alpha-3 code Numeric code Link to ISO 3166-2 subdivision codes Independent
Afghanistan AF AFG 004 ISO 3166-2:AF Yes
Åland Islands AX ALA 248 ISO 3166-2:AX No
Albania AL ALB 008 ISO 3166-2:AL Yes
Algeria DZ DZA 012 ISO 3166-2:DZ Yes
American Samoa AS ASM 016 ISO 3166-2:AS No
Andorra AD AND 020 ISO 3166-2:AD Yes
Angola AO AGO 024 ISO 3166-2:AO Yes
Anguilla AI AIA 660 ISO 3166-2:AI No
Antarctica AQ ATA 010 ISO 3166-2:AQ No
Antigua and Barbuda AG ATG 028 ISO 3166-2:AG Yes
Argentina AR ARG 032 ISO 3166-2:AR Yes
Armenia AM ARM 051 ISO 3166-2:AM Yes
Aruba AW ABW 533 ISO 3166-2:AW No
Australia AU AUS 036 ISO 3166-2:AU Yes
Austria AT AUT 040 ISO 3166-2:AT Yes
Azerbaijan AZ AZE 031 ISO 3166-2:AZ Yes
Bahamas BS BHS 044 ISO 3166-2:BS Yes
Bahrain BH BHR 048 ISO 3166-2:BH Yes
Bangladesh BD BGD 050 ISO 3166-2:BD Yes
Barbados BB BRB 052 ISO 3166-2:BB Yes
Belarus BY BLR 112 ISO 3166-2:BY Yes
Belgium BE BEL 056 ISO 3166-2:BE Yes
Belize BZ BLZ 084 ISO 3166-2:BZ Yes
Benin BJ BEN 204 ISO 3166-2:BJ Yes
Bermuda BM BMU 060 ISO 3166-2:BM No
Bhutan BT BTN 064 ISO 3166-2:BT Yes
Bolivia (Plurinational State of) BO BOL 068 ISO 3166-2:BO Yes
Bonaire, Sint Eustatius and Saba BQ BES 535 ISO 3166-2:BQ No
Bosnia and Herzegovina BA BIH 070 ISO 3166-2:BA Yes
Botswana BW BWA 072 ISO 3166-2:BW Yes
Bouvet Island BV BVT 074 ISO 3166-2:BV No
Brazil BR BRA 076 ISO 3166-2:BR Yes
British Indian Ocean Territory IO IOT 086 ISO 3166-2:IO No
Brunei Darussalam BN BRN 096 ISO 3166-2:BN Yes
Bulgaria BG BGR 100 ISO 3166-2:BG Yes
Burkina Faso BF BFA 854 ISO 3166-2:BF Yes
Burundi BI BDI 108 ISO 3166-2:BI Yes
Cabo Verde CV CPV 132 ISO 3166-2:CV Yes
Cambodia KH KHM 116 ISO 3166-2:KH Yes
Cameroon CM CMR 120 ISO 3166-2:CM Yes
Canada CA CAN 124 ISO 3166-2:CA Yes
Cayman Islands KY CYM 136 ISO 3166-2:KY No
Central African Republic CF CAF 140 ISO 3166-2:CF Yes
Chad TD TCD 148 ISO 3166-2:TD Yes
Chile CL CHL 152 ISO 3166-2:CL Yes
China CN CHN 156 ISO 3166-2:CN Yes
Christmas Island CX CXR 162 ISO 3166-2:CX No
Cocos (Keeling) Islands CC CCK 166 ISO 3166-2:CC No
Colombia CO COL 170 ISO 3166-2:CO Yes
Comoros KM COM 174 ISO 3166-2:KM Yes
Congo CG COG 178 ISO 3166-2:CG Yes
Congo, Democratic Republic of the CD COD 180 ISO 3166-2:CD Yes
Cook Islands CK COK 184 ISO 3166-2:CK No
Costa Rica CR CRI 188 ISO 3166-2:CR Yes
Côte d'Ivoire CI CIV 384 ISO 3166-2:CI Yes
Croatia HR HRV 191 ISO 3166-2:HR Yes
Cuba CU CUB 192 ISO 3166-2:CU Yes
Curaçao CW CUW 531 ISO 3166-2:CW No
Cyprus CY CYP 196 ISO 3166-2:CY Yes
Czechia CZ CZE 203 ISO 3166-2:CZ Yes
Denmark DK DNK 208 ISO 3166-2:DK Yes
Djibouti DJ DJI 262 ISO 3166-2:DJ Yes
Dominica DM DMA 212 ISO 3166-2:DM Yes
Dominican Republic DO DOM 214 ISO 3166-2:DO Yes
Ecuador EC ECU 218 ISO 3166-2:EC Yes
Egypt EG EGY 818 ISO 3166-2:EG Yes
El Salvador SV SLV 222 ISO 3166-2:SV Yes
Equatorial Guinea GQ GNQ 226 ISO 3166-2:GQ Yes
Eritrea ER ERI 232 ISO 3166-2:ER Yes
Estonia EE EST 233 ISO 3166-2:EE Yes
Eswatini SZ SWZ 748 ISO 3166-2:SZ Yes
Ethiopia ET ETH 231 ISO 3166-2:ET Yes
Falkland Islands (Malvinas) FK FLK 238 ISO 3166-2:FK No
Faroe Islands FO FRO 234 ISO 3166-2:FO No
Fiji FJ FJI 242 ISO 3166-2:FJ Yes
Finland FI FIN 246 ISO 3166-2:FI Yes
France FR FRA 250 ISO 3166-2:FR Yes
French Guiana GF GUF 254 ISO 3166-2:GF No
French Polynesia PF PYF 258 ISO 3166-2:PF No
French Southern Territories TF ATF 260 ISO 3166-2:TF No
Gabon GA GAB 266 ISO 3166-2:GA Yes
Gambia GM GMB 270 ISO 3166-2:GM Yes
Georgia GE GEO 268 ISO 3166-2:GE Yes
Germany DE DEU 276 ISO 3166-2:DE Yes
Ghana GH GHA 288 ISO 3166-2:GH Yes
Gibraltar GI GIB 292 ISO 3166-2:GI No
Greece GR GRC 300 ISO 3166-2:GR Yes
Greenland GL GRL 304 ISO 3166-2:GL No
Grenada GD GRD 308 ISO 3166-2:GD Yes
Guadeloupe GP GLP 312 ISO 3166-2:GP No
Guam GU GUM 316 ISO 3166-2:GU No
Guatemala GT GTM 320 ISO 3166-2:GT Yes
Guernsey GG GGY 831 ISO 3166-2:GG No
Guinea GN GIN 324 ISO 3166-2:GN Yes
Guinea-Bissau GW GNB 624 ISO 3166-2:GW Yes
Guyana GY GUY 328 ISO 3166-2:GY Yes
Haiti HT HTI 332 ISO 3166-2:HT Yes
Heard Island and McDonald Islands HM HMD 334 ISO 3166-2:HM No
Holy See VA VAT 336 ISO 3166-2:VA Yes
Honduras HN HND 340 ISO 3166-2:HN Yes
Hong Kong HK HKG 344 ISO 3166-2:HK No
Hungary HU HUN 348 ISO 3166-2:HU Yes
Iceland IS ISL 352 ISO 3166-2:IS Yes
India IN IND 356 ISO 3166-2:IN Yes
Indonesia ID IDN 360 ISO 3166-2:ID Yes
Iran (Islamic Republic of) IR IRN 364 ISO 3166-2:IR Yes
Iraq IQ IRQ 368 ISO 3166-2:IQ Yes
Ireland IE IRL 372 ISO 3166-2:IE Yes
Isle of Man IM IMN 833 ISO 3166-2:IM No
Israel IL ISR 376 ISO 3166-2:IL Yes
Italy IT ITA 380 ISO 3166-2:IT Yes
Jamaica JM JAM 388 ISO 3166-2:JM Yes
Japan JP JPN 392 ISO 3166-2:JP Yes
Jersey JE JEY 832 ISO 3166-2:JE No
Jordan JO JOR 400 ISO 3166-2:JO Yes
Kazakhstan KZ KAZ 398 ISO 3166-2:KZ Yes
Kenya KE KEN 404 ISO 3166-2:KE Yes
Kiribati KI KIR 296 ISO 3166-2:KI Yes
Korea (Democratic People's Republic of) KP PRK 408 ISO 3166-2:KP Yes
Korea, Republic of KR KOR 410 ISO 3166-2:KR Yes
Kuwait KW KWT 414 ISO 3166-2:KW Yes
Kyrgyzstan KG KGZ 417 ISO 3166-2:KG Yes
Lao People's Democratic Republic LA LAO 418 ISO 3166-2:LA Yes
Latvia LV LVA 428 ISO 3166-2:LV Yes
Lebanon LB LBN 422 ISO 3166-2:LB Yes
Lesotho LS LSO 426 ISO 3166-2:LS Yes
Liberia LR LBR 430 ISO 3166-2:LR Yes
Libya LY LBY 434 ISO 3166-2:LY Yes
Liechtenstein LI LIE 438 ISO 3166-2:LI Yes
Lithuania LT LTU 440 ISO 3166-2:LT Yes
Luxembourg LU LUX 442 ISO 3166-2:LU Yes
Macao MO MAC 446 ISO 3166-2:MO No
Madagascar MG MDG 450 ISO 3166-2:MG Yes
Malawi MW MWI 454 ISO 3166-2:MW Yes
Malaysia MY MYS 458 ISO 3166-2:MY Yes
Maldives MV MDV 462 ISO 3166-2:MV Yes
Mali ML MLI 466 ISO 3166-2:ML Yes
Malta MT MLT 470 ISO 3166-2:MT Yes
Marshall Islands MH MHL 584 ISO 3166-2:MH Yes
Martinique MQ MTQ 474 ISO 3166-2:MQ No
Mauritania MR MRT 478 ISO 3166-2:MR Yes
Mauritius MU MUS 480 ISO 3166-2:MU Yes
Mayotte YT MYT 175 ISO 3166-2:YT No
Mexico MX MEX 484 ISO 3166-2:MX Yes
Micronesia (Federated States of) FM FSM 583 ISO 3166-2:FM Yes
Moldova, Republic of MD MDA 498 ISO 3166-2:MD Yes
Monaco MC MCO 492 ISO 3166-2:MC Yes
Mongolia MN MNG 496 ISO 3166-2:MN Yes
Montenegro ME MNE 499 ISO 3166-2:ME Yes
Montserrat MS MSR 500 ISO 3166-2:MS No
Morocco MA MAR 504 ISO 3166-2:MA Yes
Mozambique MZ MOZ 508 ISO 3166-2:MZ Yes
Myanmar MM MMR 104 ISO 3166-2:MM Yes
Namibia NA NAM 516 ISO 3166-2:NA Yes
Nauru NR NRU 520 ISO 3166-2:NR Yes
Nepal NP NPL 524 ISO 3166-2:NP Yes
Netherlands NL NLD 528 ISO 3166-2:NL Yes
New Caledonia NC NCL 540 ISO 3166-2:NC No
New Zealand NZ NZL 554 ISO 3166-2:NZ Yes
Nicaragua NI NIC 558 ISO 3166-2:NI Yes
Niger NE NER 562 ISO 3166-2:NE Yes
Nigeria NG NGA 566 ISO 3166-2:NG Yes
Niue NU NIU 570 ISO 3166-2:NU No
Norfolk Island NF NFK 574 ISO 3166-2:NF No
North Macedonia MK MKD 807 ISO 3166-2:MK Yes
Northern Mariana Islands MP MNP 580 ISO 3166-2:MP No
Norway NO NOR 578 ISO 3166-2:NO Yes
Oman OM OMN 512 ISO 3166-2:OM Yes
Pakistan PK PAK 586 ISO 3166-2:PK Yes
Palau PW PLW 585 ISO 3166-2:PW Yes
Palestine, State of PS PSE 275 ISO 3166-2:PS No
Panama PA PAN 591 ISO 3166-2:PA Yes
Papua New Guinea PG PNG 598 ISO 3166-2:PG Yes
Paraguay PY PRY 600 ISO 3166-2:PY Yes
Peru PE PER 604 ISO 3166-2:PE Yes
Philippines PH PHL 608 ISO 3166-2:PH Yes
Pitcairn PN PCN 612 ISO 3166-2:PN No
Poland PL POL 616 ISO 3166-2:PL Yes
Portugal PT PRT 620 ISO 3166-2:PT Yes
Puerto Rico PR PRI 630 ISO 3166-2:PR No
Qatar QA QAT 634 ISO 3166-2:QA Yes
Réunion RE REU 638 ISO 3166-2:RE No
Romania RO ROU 642 ISO 3166-2:RO Yes
Russian Federation RU RUS 643 ISO 3166-2:RU Yes
Rwanda RW RWA 646 ISO 3166-2:RW Yes
Saint Barthélemy BL BLM 652 ISO 3166-2:BL No
Saint Helena, Ascension and Tristan da Cunha SH SHN 654 ISO 3166-2:SH No
Saint Kitts and Nevis KN KNA 659 ISO 3166-2:KN Yes
Saint Lucia LC LCA 662 ISO 3166-2:LC Yes
Saint Martin (French part) MF MAF 663 ISO 3166-2:MF No
Saint Pierre and Miquelon PM SPM 666 ISO 3166-2:PM No
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines VC VCT 670 ISO 3166-2:VC Yes
Samoa WS WSM 882 ISO 3166-2:WS Yes
San Marino SM SMR 674 ISO 3166-2:SM Yes
Sao Tome and Principe ST STP 678 ISO 3166-2:ST Yes
Saudi Arabia SA SAU 682 ISO 3166-2:SA Yes
Senegal SN SEN 686 ISO 3166-2:SN Yes
Serbia RS SRB 688 ISO 3166-2:RS Yes
Seychelles SC SYC 690 ISO 3166-2:SC Yes
Sierra Leone SL SLE 694 ISO 3166-2:SL Yes
Singapore SG SGP 702 ISO 3166-2:SG Yes
Sint Maarten (Dutch part) SX SXM 534 ISO 3166-2:SX No
Slovakia SK SVK 703 ISO 3166-2:SK Yes
Slovenia SI SVN 705 ISO 3166-2:SI Yes
Solomon Islands SB SLB 090 ISO 3166-2:SB Yes
Somalia SO SOM 706 ISO 3166-2:SO Yes
South Africa ZA ZAF 710 ISO 3166-2:ZA Yes
South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands GS SGS 239 ISO 3166-2:GS No
South Sudan SS SSD 728 ISO 3166-2:SS Yes
Spain ES ESP 724 ISO 3166-2:ES Yes
Sri Lanka LK LKA 144 ISO 3166-2:LK Yes
Sudan SD SDN 729 ISO 3166-2:SD Yes
Suriname SR SUR 740 ISO 3166-2:SR Yes
Svalbard and Jan Mayen SJ SJM 744 ISO 3166-2:SJ No
Sweden SE SWE 752 ISO 3166-2:SE Yes
Switzerland CH CHE 756 ISO 3166-2:CH Yes
Syrian Arab Republic SY SYR 760 ISO 3166-2:SY Yes
Taiwan, Province of China TW TWN 158 ISO 3166-2:TW[a] No
Tajikistan TJ TJK 762 ISO 3166-2:TJ Yes
Tanzania, United Republic of TZ TZA 834 ISO 3166-2:TZ Yes
Thailand TH THA 764 ISO 3166-2:TH Yes
Timor-Leste TL TLS 626 ISO 3166-2:TL Yes
Togo TG TGO 768 ISO 3166-2:TG Yes
Tokelau TK TKL 772 ISO 3166-2:TK No
Tonga TO TON 776 ISO 3166-2:TO Yes
Trinidad and Tobago TT TTO 780 ISO 3166-2:TT Yes
Tunisia TN TUN 788 ISO 3166-2:TN Yes
Turkey TR TUR 792 ISO 3166-2:TR Yes
Turkmenistan TM TKM 795 ISO 3166-2:TM Yes
Turks and Caicos Islands TC TCA 796 ISO 3166-2:TC No
Tuvalu TV TUV 798 ISO 3166-2:TV Yes
Uganda UG UGA 800 ISO 3166-2:UG Yes
Ukraine UA UKR 804 ISO 3166-2:UA Yes
United Arab Emirates AE ARE 784 ISO 3166-2:AE Yes
United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland GB GBR 826 ISO 3166-2:GB Yes
United States of America US USA 840 ISO 3166-2:US Yes
United States Minor Outlying Islands UM UMI 581 ISO 3166-2:UM No
Uruguay UY URY 858 ISO 3166-2:UY Yes
Uzbekistan UZ UZB 860 ISO 3166-2:UZ Yes
Vanuatu VU VUT 548 ISO 3166-2:VU Yes
Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of) VE VEN 862 ISO 3166-2:VE Yes
Viet Nam VN VNM 704 ISO 3166-2:VN Yes
Virgin Islands (British) VG VGB 092 ISO 3166-2:VG No
Virgin Islands (U.S.) VI VIR 850 ISO 3166-2:VI No
Wallis and Futuna WF WLF 876 ISO 3166-2:WF No
Western Sahara EH ESH 732 ISO 3166-2:EH No
Yemen YE YEM 887 ISO 3166-2:YE Yes
Zambia ZM ZMB 894 ISO 3166-2:ZM Yes
Zimbabwe ZW ZWE 716 ISO 3166-2:ZW Yes

Reserved and user-assigned code elements[change | change source]

Besides the officially assigned codes, code elements may be expanded by using either reserved codes or user-assigned codes.[4]

Reserved code elements are codes which, while not ISO 3166-1 codes, are in use for some applications in conjunction with the ISO 3166 codes. They are reserved to add flexibility to the coding system. Usually, obsolete codes may be kept as reserved, while some overseas territories, international organizations, and special nationality status have reserved codes of their own. See the corresponding sections in ISO 3166-1 alpha-2 and ISO 3166-1 alpha-3 for their respective reserved codes (ISO 3166-1 numeric does not have reserved codes).

User-assigned code elements are codes at the disposal of users who need to add further names of countries, territories or other geographical entities to their in-house application of ISO 3166-1, and the ISO 3166/MA will never use them in the updating process of the standard. See the corresponding sections in ISO 3166-1 alpha-2, ISO 3166-1 alpha-3 and ISO 3166-1 numeric for their respective user-assigned codes.

Changes[change | change source]

A country or territory may get new codes if it changes its name or its territorial boundaries. A country generally gets new alphabetical codes if its name changes, whereas a new numeric code is associated with a change of boundaries. Changes to ISO 3166-1 are announced in periodic newsletters, of which 12 have been released since the first edition of ISO 3166-1 was published in 1997:

  1. Newsletter V-1[permanent dead link] – Published 1998-02-05: change of official name of Samoa
  2. Newsletter V-2 Archived 2007-09-26 at the Wayback Machine – Published 1999-10-01: new entries for Palestinian Territory, Occupied
  3. Newsletter V-3 Archived 2007-09-26 at the Wayback Machine – Published 2002-02-01: change of alpha-3 code element for Romania
  4. Newsletter V-4 Archived 2007-09-26 at the Wayback Machine – Published 2002-05-20: name changes for various countries
  5. Newsletter V-5 Archived 2007-09-26 at the Wayback Machine – Published 2002-05-20: change of names and alphabetical code elements for East Timor
  6. Newsletter V-6 Archived 2007-09-26 at the Wayback Machine – Published 2002-11-15: change of names for East Timor (to Timor-Leste)
  7. Newsletter V-7[permanent dead link] – Published 2002-11-15: change of official name of Comoros
  8. Newsletter V-8[permanent dead link] – Published 2003-07-23: deletion of Yugoslavia, new entry for Serbia and Montenegro
  9. Newsletter V-9[permanent dead link] – Published 2004-02-13: new entry for Åland Islands
  10. Newsletter V-10 Archived 2007-09-26 at the Wayback Machine – Published 2004-04-26: name changes for Afghanistan and Åland Islands
  11. Newsletter V-11 Archived 2007-09-26 at the Wayback Machine – Published 2006-03-29: new entries for Guernsey, Isle of Man and Jersey
  12. Newsletter V-12 Archived 2007-09-26 at the Wayback Machine – Published 2006-09-26: deletion of Serbia and Montenegro, new entries for Montenegro and Serbia

The second edition of ISO 3166-1 was published in 2007, which comprises a consolidation of all changes to the lists as published in the newsletters above.[5]

Related pages[change | change source]

References[change | change source]

  1. ISO 3166 FAQs – General questions
  2. ISO 3166-1 and ccTLDs
  3. "ISO 3166 and the UN". Archived from the original on 2012-01-06. Retrieved 2007-09-22.
  4. "Customizing ISO 3166-1". Archived from the original on 2007-10-06. Retrieved 2007-09-22.
  5. Second edition of ISO 3166-1 published[permanent dead link]


  1. See also the table in § Naming and disputes above.

Information on reserved codes taken from "Reserved code elements under ISO 3166-1" published by Secretariat of ISO/TC 46, ISO 3166 Maintenance Agency, 2001-02-13, available on request from ISO 3166/MA.

Other websites[change | change source]