|Republic of Armenia
Hayastani Hanrapetut’yun (Armenian)
and largest city
|Ethnic groups (2011)|
|Religion||Armenian Apostolic Church|
|Government||Unitary semi-presidential republic|
|Formation and independence|
• Traditional date
|14th century–1190 BC|
|6th century BC|
28 May 1918
• Independence from the Soviet Union
|23 August 1990Template:Padlsup
21 September 1991Template:Padlsup
26 December 1991Template:Padlsup
|21 December 1991|
|2 March 1992|
|29,743 km2 (11,484 sq mi) (138th)|
• Water (%)
• 2016 estimate
• 2011 census
|101.5/km2 (262.9/sq mi) (99th)|
|GDP (PPP)||2016 estimate|
• Per capita
|GDP (nominal)||2016 estimate|
• Per capita
|HDI (2015)|| 0.743
high · 84th
|Currency||Dram (֏) (AMD)|
|Time zone||AMT (UTC+4)|
|Drives on the||right|
|Patron saint||St. Gregory|
|ISO 3166 code||AM|
|Internet TLD||.am .հայ|
There are some minorities living in Armenia, such as Greek, Russian, and other minorities, and more than 90% of the people are ethnic Armenians. Also, the Armenian Apostolic Church, is by far the largest religion in the country. There is a small amount of other Christians, Muslims and atheists.
Armenia is the place that some Christians believe Noah's Ark landed, and Noah's family settled. The Armenian name for Armenia (Hayastan) means Land of Haik. Haik was the name of a great-great-grandson of Noah.
Throughout history, Armenia's size has changed many times. Today Armenia is much smaller than it was once. In 80 BCE, the Kingdom of Armenia covered parts of what is today Turkey, Syria, Lebanon, Iran, Iraq, Azerbaijan, and, of course, Armenia.
Today, Armenia's borders are locked with Turkey and Azerbaijan, due to conflicts. In 1992, Armenia and Azerbaijan had a war over the land of Nagorno-Karabakh. The fighting stopped in 1994, and Armenia has had control over this land, but Azerbaijan still disputes about the land.
Geography[change | change source]
Armenia is landlocked in the South Caucasus. It is between the Black and Caspian Seas. The country is bordered on the north and east by Georgia and Azerbaijan, and on the south and west by Iran and Turkey.
It covers an area of 29,743 square kilometres (11,484 sq mi). The land is mostly mountains, with fast flowing rivers and few forests. There are hot summers and cold winters.
Mount Ararat used to be part of Armenia. It is the highest mountain in the region. It is now in Turkey, but clearly visible in Armenia. The Armenians see it as a symbol of their land. Because of this, the mountain is present on the Armenian national emblem today.
Provinces[change | change source]
Armenia is divided into ten provinces and the capital city of Yerevan. As of 2007, Armenia includes 915 communities. 49 are considered urban and 866 are considered rural. For a list of communities see List of settlements in Armenia.
|Aragatsotn (Արագածոտն)||Ashtarak (Աշտարակ)||2,753 km²||126,278|
|Ararat (Արարատ)||Artashat (Արտաշատ)||2,096 km²||252,665|
|Armavir (Արմավիր)||Armavir (Արմավիր)||1,242 km²||255,861|
|Gegharkunik (Գեղարքունիք)||Gavar (Գավառ)||5,348 km²||215,371|
|Kotayk (Կոտայք)||Hrazdan (Հրազդան)||2,089 km²||241,337|
|Lori (Լոռի)||Vanadzor (Վանաձոր)||3,789 km²||253,351|
|Shirak (Շիրակ)||Gyumri (Գյումրի)||2,681 km²||257,242|
|Syunik (Սյունիք)||Kapan (Կապան)||4,506 km²||134,061|
|Tavush (Տավուշ)||Ijevan (Իջևան)||2,704 km²||121,963|
|Vayots Dzor (Վայոց Ձոր)||Yeghegnadzor (Եղեգնաձոր)||2,308 km²||53,230|
|Yerevan (Երևան)||–||227 km²||1,091,235|
Largest cities[change | change source]
Armenia has many cities. Here is a list of the ten biggest ones:
- Yerevan (1,121,900 people)
- Artashat (20,562 people)
Filmography[change | change source]
- 1993 The Armenian Kingdom of Kilikia Footage includes the President of France - Francois Mitterand, The President of Armenia - Levon Ter-Petrosyan. Director Levon Mkrtchyan
- 1987: Gyumri (Leninakan), (narration by Azat Gasparyan)
- 1989: Charles Aznavour Armenia 1989 https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=tHEd5L1i6gg
- 2002: The Manuscript of Indepedence, Մատյան Անկախության - (Levon Ter-Petrossian, Robert Kocharyan,Serj Sargsyan) https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=EERMf2jdMlc
Related pages[change | change source]
References[change | change source]
- "The Constitution of the Republic of Armenia (with amendments)". Constitutional Court of the Republic of Armenia. 5 July 1995. Retrieved 14 October 2012.
- Asatryan, Garnik; Arakelova, Victoria (Yerevan 2002). The Ethnic Minorities in Armenia. Part of the OSCE. Archived copy at WebCite (16 April 2010).
- Ministry of Culture of Armenia "The ethnic minorities in Armenia. Brief information". As per the most recent census in 2011. "National minority".
- "The Republic of Armenia recognizes the exclusive historical mission of the Armenian Apostolic Holy Church as a national church" http://www.parliament.am/parliament.php?id=constitution&lang=eng
- Shugart, Matthew Søberg (September 2005). Semi-Presidential Systems: Dual Executive and Mixed Authority Patterns. United States: University of California, San Diego. http://dss.ucsd.edu/~mshugart/semi-presidentialism.pdf. Retrieved 13 October 2017.
- Shugart, Matthew Søberg (December 2005). "Semi-Presidential Systems: Dual Executive And Mixed Authority Patterns". French Politics (London: Palgrave Macmillan UK) 3 (3): 323–351. doi:10.1057/palgrave.fp.8200087. ISSN 1476-3427. OCLC 6895745903. https://link.springer.com/content/pdf/10.1057%2Fpalgrave.fp.8200087.pdf. Retrieved 13 October 2017. "Table 1 shows that dissolution power as a presidential initiative is rare in the contemporary president-parliamentary systems. In fact, only in Armenia may the president dissolve (once per year) without a trigger (e.g. assembly failure to invest a government).".
- Markarov, Alexander (2016). "Semi-presidentialism in Armenia" (PDF). In Elgie, Robert; Moestrup, Sophia. Semi-Presidentialism in the Caucasus and Central Asia. London: Palgrave Macmillan UK (published 15 May 2016). pp. 61–90. doi:10.1057/978-1-137-38781-3_3. ISBN 978-1-137-38780-6. LCCN 2016939393. OCLC 6039792321. Retrieved 8 October 2017.
Markarov discusses the formation and development of the semi-presidential system in Armenia since its foundation in 1991. The author identifies and compares the formal powers of the president, prime minister, and parliament under the 1995 Constitution as well as the amendments introduced through the Constitutional referendum in 2005. Markarov argues that the highly presidentialized semi-presidential system that was introduced in the early 1990s gradually evolved into a Constitutionally more balanced structure. However, in practice, the president has remained dominant and backed by a presidential majority; the president has thus been able to set the policy agenda and implement his preferred policy.
- Lang, David Marshall. Armenia: Cradle of Civilization. London: Allen and Unwin, 1970, p. 114. ISBN 0-04-956007-7.
- Redgate, Anna Elizabeth. The Armenians. Cornwall: Blackwell, 1998, pp. 16–19, 23, 25, 26 (map), 30–32, 38, 43 ISBN 0-631-22037-2.
- Redgate, A. E. (2000). The Armenians (Reprint ed.). Oxford: Blackwell. p. 5. ISBN 0-631-22037-2.
However, the most easily identifiable ancestors of the later Armenian nation are the Urartians.
- de Laet, Sigfried J.; Herrmann, Joachim, eds. (1996). History of Humanity: From the seventh century B.C. to the seventh century A.D (1st ed.). London: Routledge. p. 128. ISBN 9789231028120.
The ruler of the part known as Greater Armenia, Artaxias (Artashes), the founder of a new dynasty, managed to unite the country...
- Encyclopedia Americana: Ankara to Azusa. Scholastic Library Publishing. 2005. p. 393.
It was named for Artaxias, a general of Antiochus the Great, who founded the kingdom of Armenia about 190 B.C.
- "The World Fact Book – Armenia". Central Intelligence Agency. Archived from the original on 19 July 2010. Retrieved 17 July 2010.
- "World Population Prospects: The 2017 Revision". ESA.UN.org (custom data acquired via website). United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division. Retrieved 10 September 2017.
- "Statistical Service of Armenia" (PDF). Armstat. Retrieved 20 February 2014.
- "Armenia Population". countrymeters.info.
- "Report for Selected Countries and Subjects". World Economic Outlook Database, October 2016. Washington, D.C.: International Monetary Fund. 4 October 2016. Retrieved 26 October 2016.
- "Gini index". World Bank. Retrieved 12 May 2016.
- "Human Development Report 2016" (PDF). United Nations. 2016. Retrieved 28 September 2017.
- Dum-Tragut, Jasmine (2009). Armenian: Modern Eastern Armenian. Amsterdam: John Benjamins Publishing. p. 12. ISBN 9789027238146.
The orthography used in Armenia nowadays goes back to the Soviet orthography reform of 1922 and its revision of 1940.
Other websites[change | change source]
- History of Armenia
- Armenia.org - Complete history of Armenia, covering 800B.C. to 2004
- PanARMENIAN.Net - Daily Armenian News
- ArmeniaNow.com - Weekly articles and reports
- Hetq.am - Weekly articles and reports
- Haias.net - All about Armenia
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Armenia.|