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Kyrgyz Republic
Кыргыз Республикасы
Flag of Kyrgyzstan
Emblem of Kyrgyzstan
Кыргыз Республикасынын Мамлекеттик Гимни
Kyrgyz Respublikasynyn Mamlekettik Gimni
National Anthem of the Kyrgyz Republic
Location of Kyrgyzstan
and largest city
Official languages[1]
  • Kyrgyz (state)
  • Russian (official)
Ethnic groups
  • Kyrgyz
  • Kyrgyzstani[3]
Government Unitary parliamentary republic
Almazbek Atambayev
Sooronbay Jeenbekov
Legislature Supreme Council
Independence from the Soviet Union
14 October 1924
5 December 1936
• Independence declared
31 August 1991
• Recognized
25 December 1991
• Total
199,900 km2 (77,200 sq mi) (86th)
• Water (%)
• 2016 estimate
6,019,480 (110th)
• 2009 census
• Density
27.4/km2 (71.0/sq mi) (176th)
GDP (PPP) 2011 estimate
• Total
$13.125 billion[4]
• Per capita
GDP (nominal) 2011 estimate
• Total
$5.920 billion[4]
• Per capita
Gini (2012) 27.4
HDI (2014) 0.655[5]
medium · 120th
Currency Som (KGS)
Time zone KGT (UTC+5 to +6)
Drives on the right
Calling code +996
ISO 3166 code KG
Internet TLD .kg

Kyrgyzstan (Kyrgyz: Кыргызстан), formally the Kyrgyz Republic, and sometimes known as Kirghizia, is a country in Central Asia. The country is landlocked (has no coast) and mountainous. It has borders with China, Kazakhstan, Tajikistan, and Uzbekistan. Its capital is Bishkek. It was a socialist republic of the Soviet Union, but became independent in 1991. The country was peaceful in the 1990s. Its president, Askar Akayev showed an autocratic and authoritarian character.

In 2005, there was an unexpected revolution after the elections of parliament (the legislature) in March. President Akayev resigned on April 4 of that year. Opposition leaders formed a coalition (a group from more than one party), and a new government was formed, led by President Kurmanbek Bakiyev and Prime Minister Feliks Kulov.

At the moment, different political groups are fighting for power in the republic. Three of the 75 elected members of Parliament have been murdered.

Geography[change | change source]

Tian Shan mountain range in Kyrgyzstan.

Kyrgyzstan is a landlocked country in Central Asia. It is farther from the ocean than any other country in the world. It borders Kazakhstan, China, Tajikistan and Uzbekistan. Mountains cover over 80% of the country.[6]

The land area of Kyrgyzstan is just a little bigger than the state of Nebraska.

Issyk-Kul Lake is the largest lake in Kyrgyzstan. It is the largest mountain lake in Asia and the second largest mountain lake in the world after Titicaca. Peak Jengish Chokusu, at 7,439 m (24,406 ft), is the highest point. The highest peaks are in the Kakshaal-Too range.

Bishkek, the capital city, is in the north. It is largest city in Kyrgyzstan. The second largest is the ancient town of Osh.

Cities[change | change source]

Name Kyrgyz name Oblast Population [7] Type
Balykchy Балыкчы Issyk Kul 41,342 city
Batken Баткен Batken 10,987 city
Bishkek Бишкек - 750,327 city
Cholpon-Ata Чолпоната Issyk Kul 8,851 city
Isfana Исфана Batken 16,850 city
Jalal-Abad Жалалабат Jalal-Abad 70,401 city
Kant Кант Chuy 22,075 city
Kara-Balta Карабалта Chuy 47,159 city
Karakol Каракол Issyk Kul 64,322 city
Karaköl Каракөл Jalal-Abad 17,977 city
Kara-Suu Карасуу Osh 19,143 city
Kerben Кербен Jalal-Abad n/a city
Kochkor-Ata Кочкората Jalal-Abad 16,104 city
Kökjanggak Көкжаңгак Jalal-Abad 10,727 city
Kyzyl-Kiya Кызылкыя Batken 31,844 city
Mailuu-Suu Майлуусуу Jalal-Abad 20,365 city
Naryn Нарын Naryn 40,050 city
Nookat Ноокат Osh n/a city
Osh Osh 208,520 city
Shopokov Шопоков Chuy 9,133 city
Sulyukta Сүлүктү Batken 14,145 city
Talas Tалас Talas 32,638 city
Tashkömür Ташкөмүр Jalal-Abad 23,331 city
Tokmok Tокмок Chuy 59,409 city
Uzgen Өзгөн Osh 41,497 city

Economy[change | change source]

Kyrgyzstan was the second poorest country in the former Soviet Union next to Tajikistan. Now it is the second poorest country in Central Asia.

Agriculture is an important part of the economy in Kyrgyzstan. Much farming is still being done by hand and by horse. Main crops include wheat, sugar beets, potatoes, cotton, tobacco, vegetables, and fruit.

Kyrgyzstan is rich in mineral resources. It has small petroleum and natural gas reserves. Among its mineral reserves are solid amount of coal, gold, uranium, antimony and other metals but not iron. Metallurgy is an important industry.

Imports include petroleum and natural gas, ferrous metals, chemicals, most machinery, wood and paper products, food and construction materials. Its trade partners are Germany, Russia, China, Kazakhstan, and Uzbekistan.

Related pages[change | change source]

References[change | change source]

  1. "Constitution". Government of Kyrgyzstan. Retrieved 2009-09-23.
    Article 5
    1. The state language of the Kyrgyz Republic shall be the Kyrgyz language.
    2. In the Kyrgyz Republic, the Russian language shall be used in the capacity of an official language.
  2. "Национальный состав населения (оценка на начало года, человек)". 
  3. Kyrgysztan in the CIA World Factbook.
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 4.3 "Kyrgyzstan". International Monetary Fund. Retrieved 2012-04-18. 
  5. "2015 Human Development Report" (PDF). United Nations Development Programme. 2015. Retrieved 15 December 2015. 
  6. Escobar, Pepe. "The Tulip Revolution takes root". Asia Times Online. Retrieved 21 November 2007. 
  7. 1999 census results, as taken from the German wikipedia article Liste der Städte in Kirgisistan. Numbers in italics are 2008 estimates, taken from "". Archived from the original on 2012-12-04. .