Kyrgyzstan

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Kyrgyz Republic
  • Кыргыз Республикасы  (Kyrgyz)
    Qırğız Respublikası
  • Кыргызская Республика  (Russian)
    Kyrgyzskaja Respublika
Flag of Kyrgyzstan
Flag
Emblem of Kyrgyzstan
Emblem
Anthem: 
Кыргыз Республикасынын Мамлекеттик Гимни
Kırgız Respublikasının Mamlekettik Gimni
National Anthem of the Kyrgyz Republic
Location of  Kyrgyzstan  (green)
Location of  Kyrgyzstan  (green)
Capital
and largest city
Bishkek
42°52′N 74°36′E / 42.867°N 74.600°E / 42.867; 74.600
Official languages[1]
Ethnic groups (2016)
Religion Islam, Christianity (Russian Orthodoxy)
Demonym
Government Unitary parliamentary republic
Sooronbay Jeenbekov
Sapar Isakov
Legislature Supreme Council
Independence from the Soviet Union
14 October 1924
5 December 1936
• Independence declared
31 August 1991
21 December 1991
• Recognized
25 December 1991
2 March 1992
27 June 2010
Area
• Total
199,951 km2 (77,202 sq mi) (85th)
• Water (%)
3.6
Population
• 2016 estimate
6,019,480[2] (110th)
• 2009 census
5,362,800
• Density
27.4/km2 (71.0/sq mi) (176th)
GDP (PPP) 2017 estimate
• Total
$22.639 billion[4]
• Per capita
$3,653[4]
GDP (nominal) 2017 estimate
• Total
$7.061 billion[4]
• Per capita
$1,139[4]
Gini (2012) 27.4[5]
low
HDI (2014) Increase 0.655[6]
medium · 120th
Currency Som (KGS)
Time zone KGT (UTC+6)
Drives on the right
Calling code +996
ISO 3166 code KG
Internet TLD .kg

Kyrgyzstan (Kyrgyz: Кыргызстан), formally the Kyrgyz Republic, and sometimes known as Kirghizia, is a country in Central Asia. The country is landlocked (has no coast) and mountainous. It has borders with China, Kazakhstan, Tajikistan, and Uzbekistan. Its capital is Bishkek. It was a socialist republic of the Soviet Union, but became independent in 1991. The country was peaceful in the 1990s. Its president, Askar Akayev showed an autocratic and authoritarian character.

In 2005, there was an unexpected revolution after the elections of parliament (the legislature) in March. President Akayev resigned on April 4 of that year. Opposition leaders formed a coalition (a group from more than one party), and a new government was formed, led by President Kurmanbek Bakiyev and Prime Minister Feliks Kulov.

At the moment, different political groups are fighting for power in the republic. Three of the 75 elected members of Parliament have been murdered.

Geography[change | change source]

Tian Shan mountain range in Kyrgyzstan.

Kyrgyzstan is a landlocked country in Central Asia. It is farther from the ocean than any other country in the world. It borders Kazakhstan, China, Tajikistan and Uzbekistan. Mountains cover over 80% of the country.[7]

The land area of Kyrgyzstan is just a little bigger than the state of Nebraska.

Issyk-Kul Lake is the largest lake in Kyrgyzstan. It is the largest mountain lake in Asia and the second largest mountain lake in the world after Titicaca. Peak Jengish Chokusu, at 7,439 m (24,406 ft), is the highest point. The highest peaks are in the Kakshaal-Too range.

Bishkek, the capital city, is in the north. It is largest city in Kyrgyzstan. The second largest is the ancient town of Osh.

Cities[change | change source]

Name Kyrgyz name Oblast Population [8] Type
Balykchy Балыкчы Issyk Kul 41,342 city
Batken Баткен Batken 10,987 city
Bishkek Бишкек - 750,327 city
Cholpon-Ata Чолпоната Issyk Kul 8,851 city
Isfana Исфана Batken 16,850 city
Jalal-Abad Жалалабат Jalal-Abad 70,401 city
Kant Кант Chuy 22,075 city
Kara-Balta Карабалта Chuy 47,159 city
Karakol Каракол Issyk Kul 64,322 city
Karaköl Каракөл Jalal-Abad 17,977 city
Kara-Suu Карасуу Osh 19,143 city
Kerben Кербен Jalal-Abad n/a city
Kochkor-Ata Кочкората Jalal-Abad 16,104 city
Kökjanggak Көкжаңгак Jalal-Abad 10,727 city
Kyzyl-Kiya Кызылкыя Batken 31,844 city
Mailuu-Suu Майлуусуу Jalal-Abad 20,365 city
Naryn Нарын Naryn 40,050 city
Nookat Ноокат Osh n/a city
Osh Osh 208,520 city
Shopokov Шопоков Chuy 9,133 city
Sulyukta Сүлүктү Batken 14,145 city
Talas Tалас Talas 32,638 city
Tashkömür Ташкөмүр Jalal-Abad 23,331 city
Tokmok Tокмок Chuy 59,409 city
Uzgen Өзгөн Osh 41,497 city

Economy[change | change source]

Kyrgyzstan was the second poorest country in the former Soviet Union next to Tajikistan. Now it is the second poorest country in Central Asia.

Agriculture is an important part of the economy in Kyrgyzstan. Much farming is still being done by hand and by horse. Main crops include wheat, sugar beets, potatoes, cotton, tobacco, vegetables, and fruit.

Kyrgyzstan is rich in mineral resources. It has small petroleum and natural gas reserves. Among its mineral reserves are solid amount of coal, gold, uranium, antimony and other metals but not iron. Metallurgy is an important industry.

Imports include petroleum and natural gas, ferrous metals, chemicals, most machinery, wood and paper products, food and construction materials. Its trade partners are Germany, Russia, China, Kazakhstan, and Uzbekistan.

Related pages[change | change source]

References[change | change source]

  1. "Constitution". Government of Kyrgyzstan.
    Article 5
    1. The state language of the Kyrgyz Republic shall be the Kyrgyz language.
    2. In the Kyrgyz Republic, the Russian language shall be used in the capacity of an official language.
     
  2. 2.0 2.1 "Национальный состав населения (оценка на начало года, человек)". stat.kg. 
  3. Kyrgysztan in the CIA World Factbook.
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 4.3 "Report for Selected Countries and Subjects". World Economic Outlook Database. International Monetary Fund. 
  5. "Gini index". World Bank. Retrieved 12 May 2016. 
  6. "2015 Human Development Report" (PDF). United Nations Development Programme. 2015. Retrieved 15 December 2015. 
  7. Escobar, Pepe. "The Tulip Revolution takes root". Asia Times Online. Retrieved 21 November 2007. 
  8. 1999 census results, as taken from the German wikipedia article Liste der Städte in Kirgisistan. Numbers in italics are 2008 estimates, taken from "www.world-gazetteer.com". Archived from the original on 2012-12-04. .