Uzbekistan

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Republic of Uzbekistan
O‘zbekiston Respublikasi
Ўзбекистон Республикаси
Flag of Uzbekistan
Flag
Emblem of Uzbekistan
Emblem
Location of Uzbekistan
Capital
and largest city
Tashkent
Official languages Uzbek
Recognised regional languages Karakalpak
Ethnic groups (1996)
Demonym Uzbek
Government Unitary presidential state
Shavkat Mirziyoyev
Abdulla Oripov
Legislature Supreme Assembly
Senate
Legislative Chamber
Independence from the Soviet Union
• Formation
1747b
October 27, 1924
• Declared
September 1, 1991
• Recognized
December 8, 1991
• Completed
December 25, 1991
Area
• Total
447,400 km2 (172,700 sq mi) (56th)
• Water (%)
4.9
Population
• 2012 estimate
29,559,100[2] (45th)
• Density
61.4/km2 (159.0/sq mi) (136th)
GDP (PPP) 2012 estimate
• Total
$103.212 billion.[3]
• Per capita
$3,536.[3]
GDP (nominal) 2012 estimate
• Total
$51.979 billion[3]
• Per capita
$1,780[3]
Gini (2000)  26.8
low · 95th
HDI (2010) Increase 0.617[4]
medium · 102nd
Currency Uzbekistan som (O'zbekiston so'mi) (UZS)
Time zone UZT (UTC+5)
• Summer (DST)
not observed (UTC+5)
Drives on the right
Calling code +998
ISO 3166 code UZ
Internet TLD .uz
  1. Official Uzbek statistics.[source?]
  2. As the Emirate of Bukhara, Kokand Khanate and Khwarezm.

Uzbekistan is a country in Central Asia. Its capital and largest city is Tashkent. There are about 32 millions people living in Uzbekistan, now. The neighboring countries are Afghanistan, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan and Turkmenistan. It is a doubly landlocked country, of which there are only two in the world. Most people in Uzbekistan speak a language called Uzbek, a Turkic language similar to Uyghur and Turkish. In the Uzbek language, Uzbekistan is called "O‘zbekiston" and it means "the land of the true nobles". Uzbekistan has a long history. Humans first lived in Uzbekistan from before the 2nd millenium BC.[5] The current president today is Shavkat Mirziyoyev. Human rights in Uzbekistan are 'atrocious' according to Human Rights Watch

Provinces[change | change source]

Uzbekistan is divided into twelve provinces, one autonomous republic, and one independent city. The provinces are divided into districts.

Political Map of Uzbekistan
Division Capital City Area
(km²)
Population (2008)[6] Key
Buxoro Viloyati Buxoro (Bukhara) 39,400 1,576,800 3
Jizzax Viloyati Jizzax 20,500 1,090,900 5
Navoiy Viloyati Navoiy 110,800 834,100 7
Qashqadaryo Viloyati Qarshi 28,400 2,537,600 8
Samarqand Viloyati Samarqand 16,400  3,032,000 9
Sirdaryo Viloyati Guliston 5,100 698,100 10
Surxondaryo Viloyati Termiz 20,800 2,012,600 11
Toshkent Viloyati Toshkent (Tashkent) 15,300  2,537,500 12
Toshkent Shahri Toshkent (Tashkent)  ??? 2,192,700 1
Fergana Valley Region
Farg'ona Viloyati Farg'ona (Fergana)  6,800 2,997,400 4
Andijon Viloyati Andijon 4,200 2,477,900 2
Namangan Viloyati Namangan 7,900 2,196,200 6
Karakalpakstan Region
Xorazm Viloyati Urganch 6,300  1,517,600 13
Qaraqalpaqstan Respublikasi Nukus 160,000 1,612,300 14

References[change | change source]

  1. "CIA – The World Factbook". Cia.gov. Retrieved January 28, 2011. 
  2. Official population estimation 2012-01-01. Stat.uz (2012-01-23). Retrieved on 2012-03-13.
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 3.3 МВФ — World Economic Outlook Database, April 2012 — Uzbekistan. Gross domestic product…
  4. "Human Development Report 2010" (PDF). United Nations. 2010. Retrieved November 5, 2010. 
  5. Embassy of Uzbekistan - UZBEKISTAN: PAST, PRESENT, FUTURE
  6. "Statistical Review of Uzbekistan 2008, p.176" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2010-11-13. Retrieved May 2, 2010.