Uyghur language

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Uyghur
Uighur
ئۇيغۇرچە  /  ئۇيغۇر تىلى
Uyghurche.png
Uyghur written in Perso-Arabic script
Pronunciation [ʊjʁʊrˈtʃɛ], [ʊjˈʁʊr tili]
Native to Xinjiang, China
Ethnicity Uyghur
Native speakers
25 million (2016)[1]
Early forms
Karakhanid
Arabic (official, Uyghur alphabet)
Cyrillic script
Latin script
Official status
Official language in

 China

Regulated by Working Committee of Ethnic Language and Writing of Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region
Language codes
ISO 639-1 ug Uighur, Uyghur
ISO 639-2 uig Uighur, Uyghur
ISO 639-3 uig Uighur, Uyghur
Glottolog uigh1240  Uighur[3]
Uyghur is spoken in northwest China
Geographical extent of Uyghur in China
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Uyghur (ئۇيغۇرچە, Uyghurche),[4][5] formerly known as Eastern Turkish, is a Turkic language with 8 to 11 million speakers, spoken primarily by the Uyghur people in the Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region of Western China. There are several writing systems used to write Uyghur. While Uyghurs usually use the Uyghur alphabet, an alphabet based on the Arabic alphabet, there are also two Latin and one Cyrillic alphabet that can be used to write Uyghur.

References[change | change source]

  1. Uyghur at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015)
  2. "China". Ethnologue. 
  3. Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2017). "Uighur". Glottolog 3.0. Jena, Germany: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History. 
  4. In English, the name of the ethnicity and its language is spelled variously as Uyghur, Uighur, Uygur and Uigur, with the preferred spelling being Uyghur. Many English speakers pronounce it as /ˈwiː.ɡər/, though the native pronunciation is [ʔʊjˈʁʊr]. See Mair, Victor (13 July 2009). "A Little Primer of Xinjiang Proper Nouns". Language Log. Retrieved 16 July 2009. 
  5. Its name in other languages in which it might be often referred to is as follows: