Uyghur language

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ئۇيغۇرچە‎ / ئۇيغۇر تىلى‎
Pronunciation [ʔʊjˈʁʊrtʃɛ]
Native to China (Xinjiang), Kazakhstan
Native speakers 8–11 million  (2005–2007)[1][2]
Language family
Writing system Arabic-based script, in the past other Uyghur alphabets
Official status
Official language in China (Xinjiang)
Regulated by Working Committee of Ethnic Language and Writing of Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region
Language codes
ISO 639-1 ug
ISO 639-2 uig
ISO 639-3 uig
Uyghur is spoken in northwest China
Geographical extent of Uyghur in China

Uyghur (ئۇيغۇرچە, Uyghurche),[3][4] formerly known as Eastern Turkish, is a Turkic language with 8 to 11 million speakers, spoken primarily by the Uyghur people in the Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region of Western China. There are several writing systems used to write Uyghur. While Uyghurs usually use the Uyghur alphabet, an alphabet based on the Arabic alphabet, there are also two Latin and one Cyrillic alphabet that can be used to write Uyghur.

References[change | change source]

  1. Nationalencyklopedin "Världens 100 största språk 2007" The World's 100 Largest Languages in 2007
  2. Dwyer, Arienne (2001), "Uyghur", in Garry, Jane; Rubino, Carl, Facts About the World's Languages, H. W. Wilson, pp. 12–13, ISBN 978-0-8242-0970-4
  3. In English, the name of the ethnicity and its language is spelled variously as Uyghur, Uighur, Uygur and Uigur, with the preferred spelling being Uyghur. Many English speakers pronounce it as /ˈwiː.ɡər/, though the native pronunciation is [ʔʊjˈʁʊr]. See Mair, Victor (13 July 2009). "A Little Primer of Xinjiang Proper Nouns". Language Log. Retrieved 16 July 2009.
  4. Its name in other languages in which it might be often referred to is as follows: