Uyghur people

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Uyghur
ئۇيغۇر
Khotan-melikawat-chicas-d03.jpg
Uyghur girl
Regions with significant populations
 China
(Xinjiang)
11,303,355 [1]
 Kazakhstan223,100 (2009)[2]
 Uzbekistan55,220 (2008)
 Kyrgyzstan49,000 (2009)[3]
 Turkey (Uyghurs in Turkey)45,800 (2010)[4][5]
 Saudi Arabia~50,000 (2013) (Saudi Labor Ministry)[6]
 Syria~3,500 (2015) (Uyghur Turkistan Islamic Party members plus families in Zanbaqi (الزنبقي) in Jisr al-Shughur)[7][8][9][10]
 Pakistan
(Uyghurs in Pakistan)
~1,000 families (2010)[11]
 Russia3,696 (2010)[12]
 Ukraine197 (2001)[13]
Languages
Uyghur
Religion
Sunni Islam
Related ethnic groups
Uzbeks, other Turkic peoples and Tocharians

The Uyghurs (wee-ger; 维吾尔人) are Chinese Turkic people living mainly in Xinjiang, China. Over 11 million Uyghurs live there, more than any other part of the world. Uyghurs also live in Beijing, Shanghai,[14] and Taoyuan County (Hunan, south-central China).[15]

They are mainly Muslim and speak Uyghur, a Turkic language. They write in the Uyghur alphabet, which is based on the Arabic alphabet.

History[change | change source]

Uyghurs were originally from Mongolia and immigrated to Xinjiang during the 8th or 9th centuries CE.[16]

Diaspora[change | change source]

There are Uyghur diasporic communities in Pakistan, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Mongolia, Uzbekistan, and Turkey.

Related pages[change | change source]

References[change | change source]

  1. Statistical Yearbook of Xinjiang in 2016
    Uyghur people
  2. Агентство Республики Каписью на 26,1% и составила 10098,6 тыс. человек. Увеличилась численность узбеков на 23,3%, составив 457,2 тыс. человек, уйгур - на 6%, составив 223,1 тыс. человек. Снизилась численность русских на 15,3%, составив 3797,0 тыс. человек; немцев - на 49,6%, составив 178,2 тыс. человек; украинцев – на 39,1%, составив 333,2 тыс. человек; татар – на 18,4%, составив 203,3 тыс. человек; других этносов – на 5,8%, составив 714,2 тыс. человек.
  3. Национальный статистический комитет Кыргызской Республики : Перепись населения и жилищного фонда Кыргызской Республики 2009 года в цифрах и фактах - Архив Публикаций - КНИГА II (часть I в таблицах) : 3.1. Численность постоянного населения по национальностям Archived 2012-03-08 at the Wayback Machine
  4. Yitzhak Shichor; East-West Center (2009). Ethno-diplomacy, the Uyghur hitch in Sino-Turkish relations. East-West Center. p. 16. ISBN 978-1-932728-80-4.
  5. "Uygur Ajan Rabia Kadir, Doğu Türkistanlı Mücahidleri İhbar Etti". ISLAH HABER "Özgür Ümmetin Habercisi". 8 January 2015.
  6. "Nitaqat rules for Palestinians and Turkistanis eased". arabnews.com. Sadui Labor Ministry. Retrieved 3 November 2015.
  7. "قرية الزنبقي السورية أقرب إلى الصين منها الى دمشق + صور".
  8. "داعش جلب آلاف المقاتلين مع عائلاتهم إلى الرقة".
  9. "قرية الزنبقي صينية أم سورية!".
  10. "بالفيديو : قرية الزنبقي يتحول الى مستوطنة للأيغور والتركمان".
  11. Hoshur, Shohret; Shemshidin, Zubeyra (2010-04-06), "Pakistan Uyghurs in Hiding: Brothers blame raids and arrests on pressure from China", Radio Free Asia, retrieved 2010-05-11
  12. "Перепись населения России 2010 года". Retrieved 2014-03-03.
  13. State statistics committee of Ukraine - National composition of population, 2001 census (Ukrainian)
  14. http://acc6.its.brooklyn.cuny.edu/~phalsall/texts/chinethn.html
  15. http://english.people.com.cn/english/200012/28/eng20001228_59085.html
  16. Millward, James (2007). Eurasian Crossroads. Columbia University. pp. 42–43.