Uyghur people

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Uyghur
ئۇيغۇر, Уйғур
Regions with significant populations
 China
(Xinjiang)
11,303,355 [1]
15,000,000+ (Uyghur American Association)[2][verification needed]
 Kazakhstan 223,100 (2009)[3]
 Uzbekistan 55,220 (2008)
 Kyrgyzstan 49,000 (2009)[4]
 Turkey (Uyghurs in Turkey) 45,800 (2010)[5][6]
 Saudi Arabia ~50,000 (2013) (Saudi Labor Ministry)[7]
 Syria ~3,500 (2015) (Uyghur Turkistan Islamic Party members plus families in Zanbaqi (الزنبقي) in Jisr al-Shughur)[8][9][10][11]
 Pakistan
(Uyghurs in Pakistan)
~1,000 families (2010)[12]
 Russia 3,696 (2010)[13]
 Ukraine 197 (2001)[14]
Languages
Uyghur and Chinese language
Religion
Sunni Islam
Related ethnic groups
Uzbeks, other Turkic peoples and Tocharians

The Uyghurs (/ˈɡərz, ˈwɡərz/; Uyghur: ئۇيغۇر[15] [ʔʊjˈʁʊː]) are a Turkic people of Central Asia. Today Uyghurs live primarily in the Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region (also known by its controversial name East Turkistan or Uyghurstan).

There are Uyghur diasporic communities in Pakistan, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Mongolia, Uzbekistan, Germany, United Kingdom and Turkey and a smaller one in Taoyuan County of Hunan province in south-central China.[16] Uyghur neighborhoods can be found in major Chinese cities like Beijing and Shanghai.[17] There are small but very active Uyghur communities in the United States, mainly in Los Angeles, San Francisco, New York and Washington, DC, as well as Toronto and Vancouver in Canada.

References[change | change source]

  1. Statistical Yearbook of Xinjiang in 2016
    Uyghur people
  2. "About Uyghurs". uyghuramerican.org. Uyghur American Association. Retrieved 26 May 2015. 
  3. Агентство Республики Каписью на 26,1% и составила 10098,6 тыс. человек. Увеличилась численность узбеков на 23,3%, составив 457,2 тыс. человек, уйгур - на 6%, составив 223,1 тыс. человек. Снизилась численность русских на 15,3%, составив 3797,0 тыс. человек; немцев - на 49,6%, составив 178,2 тыс. человек; украинцев – на 39,1%, составив 333,2 тыс. человек; татар – на 18,4%, составив 203,3 тыс. человек; других этносов – на 5,8%, составив 714,2 тыс. человек.
  4. Национальный статистический комитет Кыргызской Республики : Перепись населения и жилищного фонда Кыргызской Республики 2009 года в цифрах и фактах - Архив Публикаций - КНИГА II (часть I в таблицах) : 3.1. Численность постоянного населения по национальностям Archived 2012-03-08 at the Wayback Machine.
  5. Yitzhak Shichor; East-West Center (2009). Ethno-diplomacy, the Uyghur hitch in Sino-Turkish relations. East-West Center. p. 16. ISBN 978-1-932728-80-4. 
  6. "Uygur Ajan Rabia Kadir, Doğu Türkistanlı Mücahidleri İhbar Etti". ISLAH HABER "Özgür Ümmetin Habercisi". 8 January 2015. http://www.islahhaber.net/uygur-ajan-rabia-kadir--dogu-turkistanli-mucahidleri-ihbar-etti-42554.html.
  7. "Nitaqat rules for Palestinians and Turkistanis eased". arabnews.com. Sadui Labor Ministry. Retrieved 3 November 2015. 
  8. "قرية الزنبقي السورية أقرب إلى الصين منها الى دمشق + صور". 
  9. "داعش جلب آلاف المقاتلين مع عائلاتهم إلى الرقة". 
  10. "قرية الزنبقي صينية أم سورية!". 
  11. "بالفيديو : قرية الزنبقي يتحول الى مستوطنة للأيغور والتركمان". 
  12. Hoshur, Shohret; Shemshidin, Zubeyra (2010-04-06), "Pakistan Uyghurs in Hiding: Brothers blame raids and arrests on pressure from China", Radio Free Asia, retrieved 2010-05-11 
  13. "Перепись населения России 2010 года". Retrieved 2014-03-03. 
  14. State statistics committee of Ukraine - National composition of population, 2001 census (Ukrainian)
  15. Mair, Victor (13 July 2009). "A Little Primer of Xinjiang Proper Nouns". Language Log. Retrieved 30 July 2009. 
  16. http://english.people.com.cn/english/200012/28/eng20001228_59085.html
  17. http://acc6.its.brooklyn.cuny.edu/~phalsall/texts/chinethn.html