Turkic peoples

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Distribution of Turkic peoples and Turkic language.

The Turkic peoples are a group thought to have originated in Manchuria in northeastern China and parts of Mongolia. Today they live mostly in Northern and Central Eurasia.

Turkic people speak languages belonging to the Turkic family. A Turkic person is called a Turk (e.g. the Kazakh Turks, the Kyrgyz Turks, etc., or in historical context: the Seljuq Turks, the Timurid Turks etc).

There are Turks in many places. They dominate modern Central Asia, there are many in the Caucasus area, Middle East, and Eastern Europe. There are also some in Pakistan and India, but are intermixed with the local people, like the Muhajir group in Pakistan. Turkic people can have varying looks, but they originally were black haired, black or brown eyed, and white to yellowish skin (see Mongoloid). The western Turks in Turkey, Azerbaijan and Turkmenistan mostly look like Iranians, as they are heavily mixed with various Iranian and other Indo-European groups.

Turkic Uyghur

Minorities in Turkic countries[change | change source]

Azerbaijan[change | change source]

Kazakhstan[change | change source]

Kyrgyzstan[change | change source]

Turkey[change | change source]

Number Ethnic Minimum Estimates Maximum Estimates Further information
Balkan
1  Albania 1,500,000 5,000,000 Albanians in Turkey / Albanians
2  Bosnia and Herzegovina 100,000 2,000,000 Bosniaks in Turkey / Bosnians
3  Bulgaria 350,000 750,000 Bulgarians in Turkey / Pomaks in Turkey / Bulgarians
4  Greece 2,000 30,000 Greeks in Turkey / Pontic Greeks / Caucasus Greeks / Greeks
5  Serbia 15,000 60,000 Serbs in Turkey / Serbs
1 Total 2,000,000 7,900,000 Minorities in Turkey
Caucasus
1  Abkhazia 600,000 600,000 Abkhazians / Abkhaz language
2  Armenia 150,000 5,000,000 Armenians in Turkey / Hidden Armenians / Armenians
3  Chechnya 100,000 100,000 Chechens in Turkey / Chechens
4 Template:Country data Circassia 150,000 7,000,000 Circassians in Turkey / Circassians
5  Georgia 100,000 1,500,000 Georgians in Turkey / Georgians
6 Template:Country data Lazica 45,000 2,250,000 Laz people in Turkey / Laz people
2 Total 1,100,000 16,450,000 Peoples of the Caucasus in Turkey / Peoples of the Caucasus
Central Asia
1  Kazakhstan 10,000 10,000 Kazakhs
2  Kyrgyzstan 1,600 1,600 Kyrgyzs
3  Tajikistan 1,000 1,000 Tajiks
4  Turkmenistan 1,500 1,500 Turkmens
5 Template:Country data East Turkestan 50,000 50,000 Uyghurs
6  Uzbekistan 45,000 45,000 Uzbeks
3 Total 120,000 120,000 Central Asian peoples
Turkic peoples
1  Azerbaijan 530,000 800,000 Azerbaijanis in Turkey / Azerbaijanis
2  Crimea 150,000 6,000,000 Crimean Tatars in Turkey / Crimean Tatars
3 Template:Country data Karachay-Cherkessia 20,000 20,000 Karachays
4  Turkey 40,000 75,000 Meskhetian Turks
4 Total 740,000 6,895,000 Turkic peoples
Iranian peoples
1  Afghanistan 25,000 50,000 Afghans in Turkey / Afghans
2  Iran 500,000 650,000 Iranian diaspora / Persians
3  Kurdistan 13,000,000 23,000,000 Kurds in Turkey / Kurdish population / Turkish Kurdistan / Kurds
4  Kurdistan 1,000,000 3,000,000 Zaza Kurds / Zaza nationalism / Zaza language
5 Template:Country data North Ossetia-Alania 50,000 50,000 Ossetians in Turkey / Ossetians
6 Template:Country data Romani 700,000 5,000,000 Romani people in Turkey / Romani people
5 Total 15,300,000 31,750,000 Iranian peoples
European peoples
1  Netherlands 15,000 15,000 Dutch people
2  Germany 50,000 50,000 Germans in Turkey / Germans
3  Great Britain 35,000 35,000 Britons in Turkey / British people
4  Italy 35,000 35,000 Levantines in Turkey / Levantines (Latin Catholics)
5  Poland 4,000 4,000 Polish diaspora / Poles
6  Russia 50,000 50,000 Russians in Turkey / Russians
6 Total 190,000 190,000 European peoples
Other Minorities
1 Template:Country data African Union 100,000 100,000 Afro Turks / African diaspora / Africans
2  Arab League 1,500,000 5,000,000 Arabs in Turkey / Iraqis in Turkey / Arabs
3 Template:Country data Assyria 15,000 65,000 Assyrians in Turkey / Assyrian genocide / Assyrians
4  Israel 15,000 18,000 Jews in Turkey / Antisemitism in Turkey / Jews
7 Total 1,630,000 5,200,000 Other Minorities in Turkey
37 Group Grand Total 21,080,000 68,505,000 Minorities in Turkey

Turkmenistan[change | change source]

Uzbekistan[change | change source]

Past and future population[change | change source]

Rank Country Area 1950 2000 2050 2100
1  Turkey 783,562 21,122,000 65,970,000 89,291,000 87,983,000
2  Uzbekistan 447,400 6,293,000 25,042,000 35,117,000 32,077,000
3  Kazakhstan 2,724,900 6,694,000 15,688,000 22,238,000 24,712,000
4  Azerbaijan 86,600 2,886,000 8,464,000 11,210,000 9,636,000
5  Kyrgyzstan 199,900 1,739,000 4,938,000 7,064,000 9,046,000
6  Turkmenistan 488,100 1,205,000 4,386,000 6,608,000 5,606,000
Total 4,730,462 39,939,000 124,488,000 171,528,000 169,060,000

Land and water area (excluding Caspian Sea)[change | change source]

This list includes dependent territories within their sovereign states (including uninhabited territories), but does not include claims on Antarctica. EEZ+TIA is exclusive economic zone (EEZ) plus total internal area (TIA) which includes land and internal waters.

Rank Country Area EEZ Shelf EEZ+TIA
1  Turkey 783,562 261,654 56,093 1,045,216
2  Uzbekistan 447,400 0 0 447,400
3  Kazakhstan 2,724,900 0 0 2,724,900
4  Azerbaijan 86,600 0 0 86,600
5  Kyrgyzstan 199,900 0 0 199,900
6  Turkmenistan 488,100 0 0 488,100
Total 4,730,462 261,654 56,093 4,992,116

Related pages[change | change source]

Other websites[change | change source]