|Republic of Kazakhstan
|Anthem: Менің Қазақстаным
(Meniñ Qazaqstanım (transcription))
|Official languages||Kazakh (1st official language)
Russian (2nd official language)
|Ethnic groups||(2009 census)
|-||Prime Minister||Bakhytzhan Sagintayev|
|Independence from the Soviet Union|
|-||Alash Autonomy||December 13, 1917|
|-||Kazakh SSR||December 5, 1936|
|-||Declared||December 16, 1991|
|-||Finalized||December 25, 1991|
|-||Total||2,724,900 km2 (9th)
1,052,085 sq mi
|-||2011 estimate||16,600,000 (62nd)|
|GDP (PPP)||2011 estimate|
|GDP (nominal)||2011 estimate|
|HDI (2010)|| 0.714
high · 66th
|Currency||Tenge () (KZT)|
|Time zone||West/East (UTC+5/6)|
|Drives on the||right|
|Calling code||+7-6xx, +7-7xx|
Kazakhstan is a country in the middle of Eurasia. Its official name is the Republic of Kazakhstan. Kazakhstan is the ninth biggest country in the world, and it is also the biggest landlocked country in the world. Before the end of the Soviet Union, it was called "Kazakh Soviet Socialist Republic". The president of the country since 1991 is called Nursultan Nazarbayev. Astana is the capital city of Kazakhstan. Almaty was the capital until 1998, when it moved to Astana.
Geography[change | change source]
Provinces[change | change source]
Kazakhstan is divided into 14 provinces. The provinces are divided into districts.
Almaty and Astana cities have the status of State importance and are not in any province. Baikonur city has a special status because it is currently being leased to Russia with Baikonur cosmodrome until 2050.
Each province is headed by an Akim (provincial governor) appointed by the president. Municipal Akims are appointed by province Akims. The Government of Kazakhstan moved its capital from Almaty to Astana on December 10, 1997.
Population[change | change source]
Related pages[change | change source]
References[change | change source]
- "Перепись населения Республики Казахстан 2009 года. Краткие итоги. (Census for the Republic of Kazakhstan 2009. Short Summary)" (in Russian). Republic of Kazakhstan Statistical Agency. http://www.stat.kz/p_perepis/Documents/%D0%9F%D0%B5%D1%80%D0%B5%D0%BF%D0%B8%D1%81%D1%8C%20%D1%80%D1%83%D1%81.pdf. Retrieved 10 December 2010.
- CIA World Factbook: Kazakhstan.
- "Kazakhstan". International Monetary Fund. http://www.imf.org/external/pubs/ft/weo/2011/02/weodata/weorept.aspx?pr.x=21&pr.y=18&sy=2009&ey=2016&scsm=1&ssd=1&sort=country&ds=.&br=1&c=916&s=NGDPD%2CNGDPDPC%2CPPPGDP%2CPPPPC%2CLP&grp=0&a=. Retrieved 2011-10-01.
- CIA World Factbook: Field listing, Distribution of family income – Gini index
- "Human Development Report 2010". United Nations. 2010. http://hdr.undp.org/en/media/HDR_2010_EN_Table1.pdf. Retrieved 5 November 2010.
Other websites[change | change source]
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to: Kazakhstan|