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Republic of Kazakhstan
Қазақстан Республикасы
Qazaqstan Respublïkası
Республика Казахстан
Respublika Kazakhstan
Kazakh Eli
Flag Emblem
Anthem: Менің Қазақстаным
(Meniñ Qazaqstanım (transcription))

"My Kazakhstan"
Capital Astana
51°10′N 71°25′E / 51.167°N 71.417°E / 51.167; 71.417
Largest city Almaty
Official languages Kazakh (1st official language)
Russian (2nd official language)
Ethnic groups (2009 census)
63.1% Kazakh
23.7% Russian
2.9% Uzbek
2.1% Ukrainian
1.4% Uyghur
1.3% Tatar
1.1% German
4.5% Other
Demonym Kazakhstani[2]
Government Presidential republic
 -  President Nursultan Nazarbayev
 -  Prime Minister Bakhytzhan Sagintayev
Independence from the Soviet Union
 -  Kazakh Khanate 1465 
 -  Alash Autonomy December 13, 1917 
 -  Kazakh SSR December 5, 1936 
 -  Declared December 16, 1991 
 -  Finalized December 25, 1991 
 -  Total 2,724,900 km2 (9th)
1,052,085 sq mi
 -  Water (%) 1.7
 -  2011 estimate 16,600,000[1] (62nd)
 -  2009 census 16,004,800[1]
 -  Density 5.94/km2 (224th)
15.39/sq mi
GDP (PPP) 2011 estimate
 -  Total $214.840 billion[3]
 -  Per capita $13,060[3]
GDP (nominal) 2011 estimate
 -  Total $180.147 billion[3]
 -  Per capita $10,951[3]
Gini (2008) 28.8[4]
HDI (2010) Increase 0.714[5]
high · 66th
Currency Tenge (Tenge symbol.svg) (KZT)
Time zone West/East (UTC+5/6)
Drives on the right
Calling code +7-6xx, +7-7xx
Internet TLD .kz
Map of Kazakhstan

Kazakhstan is a country in the middle of Eurasia. Its official name is the Republic of Kazakhstan. Kazakhstan is the ninth biggest country in the world, and it is also the biggest landlocked country in the world. Before the end of the Soviet Union, it was called "Kazakh Soviet Socialist Republic". The president of the country since 1991 is called Nursultan Nazarbayev. Astana is the capital city of Kazakhstan. Almaty was the capital until 1998, when it moved to Astana.

The Kazakh language is the native language, but Russian has equal official status for all administrative and institutional purposes.[6] Islam is the religion of about 70% of the population, with Christianity practiced by 26%;[7] Russia leases (rents) the land for the Baykonur Cosmodrome (site of Russian spacecraft launches) from Kazakhstan.

Geography[change | change source]

Kazakhstan has borders with the Russian Federation in the north and west, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan and Tajikistan in the southwest, and China in the far east. There is a point of contact with Mongolia in the far east and, for the most part, it has Siberia to the north (which, of course, is part of Russia). Russia therefore has the longest border with Kazakhstan.[8] Basically, Kazakhstan runs from the Caspian Sea in the west to the mainly Muslim Chinese autonomous region of Xinjiang.

Kazakhstan has no ocean shoreline, but borders the Caspian Sea, which boats use to get to neighboring countries. The Caspian Sea is an Endorheic basin without connections to any ocean.

Natural resources[change | change source]

Kazakhstan has plenty of petroleum, natural gas, and mining. It attracted over $40 billion in foreign investment since 1993 and accounts for some 57% of the nation's industrial output. According to some estimates,[9] Kazakhstan has the second largest uranium, chromium, lead, and zinc reserves, the third largest manganese reserves, the fifth largest copper reserves, and ranks in the top ten for coal, iron, and gold. It is also an exporter of diamonds. Kazakhstan has the 11th largest proven reserves of both petroleum and natural gas.[10]

Provinces[change | change source]

Kazakhstan is divided into 14 provinces. The provinces are divided into districts.

Almaty and Astana cities have the status of State importance and are not in any province.[2] Baikonur city has a special status because it is currently being leased to Russia with Baikonur cosmodrome until 2050.[2]

Each province is headed by an Akim (provincial governor) appointed by the president. Municipal Akims are appointed by province Akims. The Government of Kazakhstan moved its capital from Almaty to Astana on December 10, 1997.

Province Status Full Kazakh name Full Russian name standard time Population
Akmola province Ақмола облысы Акмолинская область UTC+06 735 232
Aktobe province Ақтөбе облысы Актюбинская область UTC+05 805 117
Almaty city(1) Алматы қаласы город Алматы UTC+06 1 494 590
Almaty Province province Алматы облысы Алматинская область UTC+06 1 977 324
Astana city(1) Астана қаласы город Астана UTC+06 804 474
Atyrau province Атырау облысы Атырауская область UTC+05 564 936
Baikonur city(2) Байқоңыр қаласы город Байконур UTC+06 38 970
East Kazakhstan province Шығыс Қазақстан облысы Восточно-Казахстанская область UTC+06 1 394 382
Karagandy province Қарағанды облысы Карагандинская область UTC+06 1 367 512
Kostanay province Қостанай облысы Костанайская область UTC+06 880 775
Kyzylorda province Қызылорда облысы Кызылординская область UTC+06 737 122
Mangystau province Маңғыстау облысы Мангыстауская область UTC+05 582 361
North Kazakhstan province Солтүстік Қазақстан облысы Северо-Казахстанская область UTC+06 576 748
Pavlodar province Павлодар облысы Павлодарская область UTC+06 752 057
South Kazakhstan province Оңтүстік Қазақстан облысы Южно-Казахстанская область UTC+06 2 721 676
West Kazakhstan province Батыс Қазақстан облысы Западно-Казахстанская область UTC+05 622 333
Zhambyl province Жамбыл облысы Жамбылская область UTC+06 1 081 907

Population[change | change source]

The population of Kazakhstan is 17,165,000. It takes the 62th place in the List of countries by population. Average density is almost 6 people/km2 ( List of countries by population density).

Related pages[change | change source]

References[change | change source]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 "Перепись населения Республики Казахстан 2009 года. Краткие итоги. (Census for the Republic of Kazakhstan 2009. Short Summary)" (in Russian). Republic of Kazakhstan Statistical Agency. http://www.stat.kz/p_perepis/Documents/%D0%9F%D0%B5%D1%80%D0%B5%D0%BF%D0%B8%D1%81%D1%8C%20%D1%80%D1%83%D1%81.pdf. Retrieved 10 December 2010.
  2. 3.0 3.1 3.2 3.3 "Kazakhstan". International Monetary Fund. http://www.imf.org/external/pubs/ft/weo/2011/02/weodata/weorept.aspx?pr.x=21&pr.y=18&sy=2009&ey=2016&scsm=1&ssd=1&sort=country&ds=.&br=1&c=916&s=NGDPD%2CNGDPDPC%2CPPPGDP%2CPPPPC%2CLP&grp=0&a=. Retrieved 2011-10-01.
  3. CIA World Factbook: Field listing, Distribution of family income – Gini index
  4. "Human Development Report 2010". United Nations. 2010. http://hdr.undp.org/en/media/HDR_2010_EN_Table1.pdf. Retrieved 5 November 2010.
  5. The constitution of Kazakhstan, CONSTITUTION OF THE REPUBLIC OF KAZAKHSTAN: 1. The state language of the Republic of Kazakhstan shall be the Kazakh language. 2. In state institutions and local self-administrative bodies the Russian language shall be officially used on equal grounds along with the Kazakh language.
  6. "The results of the national population census in 2009". Agency of Statistics of the Republic of Kazakhstan. 12 November 2010. Archived from the original on 22 July 2011. https://web.archive.org/web/20110722142449/http://www.eng.stat.kz/news/Pages/n1_12_11_10.aspx. Retrieved 21 January 2010.
  7. "Afghanistan". CIA - The World Factbook. https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/af.html. Retrieved 30 August 2011.
  8. Mineral Wealth. homestead.com
  9. International Crisis Group, 2007. Central Asia's Energy Risks, Asia Report No. 133 Archive copy at the Internet Archive.

Other websites[change | change source]