|Republic of Kazakhstan
|Official languages||Kazakh (1st official language)
Russian (2nd official language)
|Ethnic groups||(2009 census)
|Independence from the Soviet Union|
|December 13, 1917|
|December 5, 1936|
|December 16, 1991|
|December 25, 1991|
|2,724,900 km2 (1,052,100 sq mi) (9th)|
• Water (%)
• 2011 estimate
• 2009 census
|5.94/km2 (15.4/sq mi) (224th)|
|GDP (PPP)||2011 estimate|
• Per capita
|GDP (nominal)||2011 estimate|
• Per capita
|HDI (2010)|| 0.714
high · 66th
|Currency||Tenge () (KZT)|
|Time zone||West/East (UTC+5/6)|
|Drives on the||right|
|Calling code||+7-6xx, +7-7xx|
|ISO 3166 code||KZ|
Kazakhstan is a country in the middle of Eurasia. Its official name is the Republic of Kazakhstan. Kazakhstan is the ninth biggest country in the world, and it is also the biggest landlocked country in the world. Before the end of the Soviet Union, it was called "Kazakh Soviet Socialist Republic". The president of the country since 1991 is called Nursultan Nazarbayev. Astana is the capital city of Kazakhstan. Almaty was the capital until 1998, when it moved to Astana.
The Kazakh language is the native language, but Russian has equal official status for all administrative and institutional purposes. Islam is the religion of about 70% of the population, with Christianity practiced by 26%; Russia leases (rents) the land for the Baikonur Cosmodrome (site of Russian spacecraft launches) from Kazakhstan.
Geography[change | change source]
Kazakhstan has borders with the Russian Federation in the north and west, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan and Tajikistan in the southwest, and China in the far east. There is a point of contact with Mongolia in the far east and, for the most part, it has Siberia to the north (which, of course, is part of Russia). Russia therefore has the longest border with Kazakhstan. Basically, Kazakhstan runs from the Caspian Sea in the west to the mainly Muslim Chinese autonomous region of Xinjiang.
Natural resources[change | change source]
Kazakhstan has plenty of petroleum, natural gas, and mining. It attracted over $40 billion in foreign investment since 1993 and accounts for some 57% of the nation's industrial output. According to some estimates, Kazakhstan has the second largest uranium, chromium, lead, and zinc reserves, the third largest manganese reserves, the fifth largest copper reserves, and ranks in the top ten for coal, iron, and gold. It is also an exporter of diamonds. Kazakhstan has the 11th largest proven reserves of both petroleum and natural gas.
Provinces[change | change source]
Kazakhstan is divided into 14 provinces. The provinces are divided into districts.
Almaty and Astana cities have the status of State importance and are not in any province. Baikonur city has a special status because it is currently being leased to Russia with Baikonur cosmodrome until 2050.
Each province is headed by an Akim (provincial governor) appointed by the president. Municipal Akims are appointed by province Akims. The Government of Kazakhstan moved its capital from Almaty to Astana on December 10, 1997.
Population[change | change source]
The population of Kazakhstan is 17,165,000. It takes the 62th place in the List of countries by population. Average density is one of the lowest on earth with almost 6 people/km2 ( List of countries by population density).
Related pages[change | change source]
References[change | change source]
- "Перепись населения Республики Казахстан 2009 года. Краткие итоги. (Census for the Republic of Kazakhstan 2009. Short Summary)" (PDF) (in Russian). Republic of Kazakhstan Statistical Agency. Retrieved 10 December 2010.
- CIA World Factbook: Kazakhstan.
- "Kazakhstan". International Monetary Fund. Retrieved 2011-10-01.
- CIA World Factbook: Field listing, Distribution of family income – Gini index
- "Human Development Report 2010" (PDF). United Nations. 2010. Retrieved 5 November 2010.
- The constitution of Kazakhstan, CONSTITUTION OF THE REPUBLIC OF KAZAKHSTAN: 1. The state language of the Republic of Kazakhstan shall be the Kazakh language. 2. In state institutions and local self-administrative bodies the Russian language shall be officially used on equal grounds along with the Kazakh language.
- "The results of the national population census in 2009". Agency of Statistics of the Republic of Kazakhstan. 12 November 2010. Archived from the original on 22 July 2011. Retrieved 21 January 2010.
- "Afghanistan". CIA - The World Factbook. Retrieved 30 August 2011.
- Mineral Wealth. homestead.com
- International Crisis Group, 2007. Central Asia's Energy Risks, Asia Report No. 133 Archive copy at the Internet Archive.
Other websites[change | change source]
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Kazakhstan.|