Nursultan Nazarbayev

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Elbasy

Nursultan Nazarbayev
Нұрсұлтан Назарбаев
Nazarbayev Portrait (cropped).jpg
Portrait photo, 2013
1st President of Kazakhstan
In office
24 April 1990[note 1] – 20 March 2019
Prime Minister
Vice PresidentYerik Asanbayev (1991–96)
Preceded byOffice established
Succeeded byKassym-Jomart Tokayev
Chairman of the Security Council of Kazakhstan
In office
16 December 1991 – 5 January 2022
Preceded byOffice established
Succeeded byKassym-Jomart Tokayev
Chairman of Nur Otan
In office
4 July 2007 – 23 November 2021
Preceded byOffice established
Succeeded byKassym-Jomart Tokayev
Chairman of the Assembly of People
In office
1 March 1995 – 28 April 2021
Preceded byOffice established
Succeeded byKassym-Jomart Tokayev
Honorary Chairman of the Organization of Turkic States
Assumed office
25 April 2019
Soviet positions
First Secretary of the Central Committee of the QKP
In office
22 June 1989 – 7 September 1991
Preceded byGennady Kolbin
Succeeded byOffice abolished
Chairman of the Supreme Soviet of the Kazakh SSR
In office
22 February 1990 – 24 April 1990
PremierUzakbay Karamanov
Preceded byKilibay Medeubekov
Succeeded byErik Asanbayev
Chairman of the Council of Ministers of the Kazakh SSR
In office
22 March 1984 – 27 July 1989
ChairmanBayken Ashimov
Salamay Mukashev
Zakash Kamaledinov
Vera Sidorova
Makhtay Sagdiyev
Preceded byBayken Ashimov
Succeeded byUzakbay Karamanov
Personal details
Born
Nursultan Äbishuly Nazarbayev

(1940-07-06) 6 July 1940 (age 81)
Chemolgan, Kazakh SSR, Soviet Union
(now Ushkonyr, Kazakhstan)
Political partyNur Otan (1999–present)
Other political
affiliations
Communist (1962–1991)
Independent (1991–1999)
Spouse(s)
Sara Konakayeva (m. 1962)
ChildrenDariga
Dinara
Aliya
RelativesBolat Nazarbayev
Signature
Websiteelbasy.kz
Military service
Allegiance Soviet Union
 Kazakhstan
Branch/serviceArmed Forces of the Republic of Kazakhstan
Years of service1991–2019
RankПогон верховного главнокомандующего Казахстана.png
Supreme Commander
Central institution membership
  • 2021-2022: Member, Senate of Kazakhstan
  • 2019-2022: Member, Constitutional Council of Kazakhstan
  • 1995-2021: Chairman, Assembly of People of Kazakhstan
  • 1989-1991: Member, 17th Secretariat of the Communist Party of Kazakhstan
  • 1986–1990: Full member, 27th & 28th Central Committee of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union
  • 1979–1984: Member, 14th & 15 Secretariat of the Communist Party of the Kazakhstan

Nursultan Äbishuly Nazarbayev (Kazakh: Нұрсұлтан Әбішұлы Назарбаев; born 6 July 1940) is a Kazakh politician who served as the first President of Kazakhstan from 1990 to 2019.[1][2] Some opposition groups call him an "unofficial leader" and "dictator".

Nazarbayev has been the president since December 1991, when Kazakhstan became independent of the Soviet Union. He has been the country's leader since 1989. This is when he was named First Secretary of the Communist Party of the Kazakh SSR. In April 2011, Nazarbayev was re-elected to another five-year term.[3]

In February 2014 he proposed renaming Kazakhstan to "Kazakh Eli".[4] In 2006 he rewrote the words to "My Kazakhstan" which was then accepted as the country's national anthem. Shortly after his resignation as president the capital city was named after him in his honour.

Notes[change | change source]

  1. Kazakhstan declared independence from the Soviet Union on 16 December 1991.

References[change | change source]

  1. "Kazakh leader Nazarbayev resigns after three decades". BBC News. 19 March 2019.
  2. "Kazakh president resigns after three decades in office".
  3. Staff writer (4 April 2011). "Kazakhstan President Nazarbayev wins re-election". BBC News Asia-Pacific. BBC News. Retrieved 7 February 2014.
  4. "Kazakh leader floats renaming country". BBC News. 7 February 2014.