United Nations

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United Nations
  • Arabic:منظمة الأمم المتحدة
    French:Organisation des Nations unies
    Russian:Организация Объединённых Наций
    Spanish:Organización de las Naciones Unidas
Members of the United Nations
Members of the United Nations
HeadquartersNew York City (international territory)
Official languages
TypeIntergovernmental organization
Membership193 member states
2 observer states
António Guterres
Amina J. Mohammed
Volkan Bozkır
Mona Juul
Dang Dinh Quy
• UN Charter signed
26 June 1945 (76 years ago) (1945-06-26)
• Charter entered into force
24 October 1945 (76 years ago) (1945-10-24)

The United Nations (UN) is an organization between countries established on 24 October 1945 to promote international cooperation. It was founded to replace the League of Nations following World War II and to prevent another conflict. When it was founded, the UN had 51 members, but there are now 193. Most nations are members of the UN and send diplomats to the headquarters to hold meetings and make decisions about global issues.

The goals of the United Nations are:

History[change | change source]

After World War I, the nations of the world formed the League of Nations. The organization was a place where nations could talk through their differences calmly. However, some countries like Germany, Italy, and Japan ignored the League and tried to solve their problems through war. Members of the League of Nations did not want to go to war to protect other members and so it failed. World War II soon started.

The Allies of World War II often called themselves "the United Nations" since they were united against the Axis Powers. After the war, the winners formed a new organization for world peace. On 25 April 1945 in San Francisco, they decided on the name '"United Nations". In June, they signed the United Nations Charter and decided how the organization would work. The UN was created on 24 October 1945, and its first meeting was held in January 1946. Since 1947 24 October has been called “United Nations Day”. The only country whose flag is modelled after the United Nations is Somalia.[3]

Headquarters[change | change source]

All of the organs of the United Nations are based in New York City, United States, except for the International Court of Justice, which is in The Hague, Netherlands.

Activity[change | change source]

The UN's main buildings in New York City, but the UN also has important offices in Geneva, Switzerland; Nairobi,Kenya; and Vienna, Austria). The UN tries to be peaceful, but when talks do not work, unlike the League of Nations, the UN will sometimes fight. In the 1950s the UN helped South Korea in a war against North Korea, and in the 1990s, the UN helped to force Iraqi soldiers out of Kuwait. At other times, the UN has formed peacekeeping forces in which UN peacekeepers travel to troubled places in the world and try to keep the peace, but that only sometimes works. Today there are UN peacekeepers working in Afghanistan, Cyprus, Haiti, Liberia, and several other countries.

by a series of goals, resolutions and declarations adopted by member nations of the United Nations, the world has a set of commitments, actions, and goals to stop and reverse the spread of HIV and scale up towards universal access to HIV prevention, treatment, care. and support services.

Divisions[change | change source]

The United Nations has six "principal organs":

Principal organs of the United Nations [4]
UN General Assembly
- Deliberative assembly of all UN member states (each country has one vote)
UN Secretariat
- Administrative organ of the UN
International Court of Justice
- Universal court for international law (based in The Hague)
UN General Assembly hall
Headquarters of the UN in New York City
International Court of Justice
  • may resolve non-compulsory recommendations to states, or suggestions to the Security Council
  • decides on the admission of new members, after a proposal of the Security Council
  • adopts the budget
  • elects the non-permanent members of the Security Council and all of the members of Economic and Social Council, after a proposal of the Security Council, the UN Secretary General, and the 15 judges of the International Court of Justice.
  • supports the other UN bodies administratively, such as in the organization of conferences, in the writing of reports and studies, and in the preparation of the budget plan
  • chairman, the UN Secretary General, is elected by the General Assembly for a five-year mandate and is the most important representative of the UN.
  • besides its headquarters in New York City, has three main offices in Geneva, Nairobi ,and Vienna
  • decides disputes between states that recognize its jurisdiction and creates legal opinions
  • has 15 judges are elected by the General Assembly for nine years. It renders judgement with relative majority
  • parties must be countries, not international organizations or other subjects of international law (not to be confused with the International Criminal Court)
UN Security Council
For international security issues
UN Economic and Social Council
For global economical and social affairs-
UN Trusteeship Council
Administered trust territories (currently inactive)
UN security council
UN Economic and Social Council
UN Trusteeship Council
  • responsible for the maintenance of international peace and security
  • the most powerful organ of the UN, may adopt compulsory resolutions
  • its decisions include peacekeeping and peace enforcement missions, as well as non-military pressure mediums, such as trade embargos
  • has 15 members: five permanent members with veto power (China, Russia, France, the United Kingdom and the United States) and ten elected members
  • responsible for cooperation on economic and social fields (raising the general standard of living and solving economic, social and health problems, promotion of human rights, culture, education, and humanitarian aid)
  • has therefore established manyfunctional and regional commissions
  • also co-ordinates the cooperation with the numerous specialized agencies of the United Nations
  • has 54 members, elected by the General Assembly to serve staggered three-year mandates
  • was originally designed to manage colonial possessions that were earlier League of Nations mandates
  • inactive since 1994, with the last trust territory, Namibia, attaining independence in 1990

There are also so-called special agencies of the United Nations, Some of them are older than the United Nations. Here are a few of them:

Related pages[change | change source]

References[change | change source]

  1. Official Languages Archived 12 July 2015 at the Wayback Machine, www.un.org. Retrieved 22 May 2015.
  2. "Introduction to the United Nations". United Nations. 2011 [last update]. Archived from the original on April 10, 2011. Retrieved April 7, 2011. Check date values in: |year= (help)
  3. Tittemore, Brian D. "Belligerents in blue helmets: applying international humanitarian law to United Nations peace operations." Stan. J. Int'l L. 33 (1997): 61.
  4. Charter of the United Nations - Chapter III (Organs)


Other websites[change | change source]