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Memorial (society)

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FoundedJanuary 28, 1989 (1989-01-28)
DissolvedDecember 28, 2021 (2021-12-28)
PurposeHuman rights group
HeadquartersMoscow, Russia
Key people
Andrei Sakharov (1921–1989), Arseny Roginsky (1947–2017), Sergei Kovalev (1930–2021)
Award(s)Right Livelihood Award (2004), Nansen Refugee Award (2004), Hermann Kesten Prize (2008), Sakharov Prize (2009), Victor Gollancz Prize (2009), "Freedom of Expression Prize" Index on Censorship (2012), "The Guardian of National Memory" Award from Polish Institute of National Memory (2012)
WebsiteMemorial International (in English)
Memorial Human Rights Centre (in English)

Memorial (Russian: Мемориал, IPA: [mʲɪmərʲɪˈaɫ]) was a Russian human rights organisation.[1]

On 28 December 2021, the Supreme Court of Russia ordered the origanisation to close for violations of the foreign agent law.[2][3] On 7 October 2022, Memorial Society was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize.[4]

References[change | change source]

  1. "Structure and organisation" (2018) Memorial website, www.memo.ru
  2. Nechepurenko, Ivan (28 December 2021). "Russian Court Orders Prominent Human Rights Group to Shut". The New York Times. Retrieved 28 December 2021.
  3. "Russian court shuts down human rights group Memorial International". CNN. Retrieved 28 December 2021.
  4. Kwai, Isabella; Engelbrecht, Cora; Ward, Euan (7 October 2022). "Live Updates: Nobel Peace Prize Is Awarded to Rights Advocates in Ukraine, Russia and Belarus". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 7 October 2022.