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Menachem Begin

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Menachem Begin
מנחם בגין
Menachem Begin 2.jpg
6th Prime Minister of Israel
In office
21 June 1977 – 10 October 1983
President Ephraim Katzir
Yitzhak Navon
Chaim Herzog
Preceded by Yitzhak Rabin
Succeeded by Yitzhak Shamir
Minister of Defense
In office
28 May 1980 – 5 August 1981
Prime Minister Himself
Preceded by Ezer Weizman
Succeeded by Ariel Sharon
In office
14 February 1983 – 23 February 1983
Prime Minister Himself
Preceded by Ariel Sharon
Succeeded by Moshe Arens
Personal details
Born (1913-08-16)16 August 1913
Brest, Russian Empire
Died 9 March 1992(1992-03-09) (aged 78)
Tel Aviv, Israel
Political party Herut (1948-1988)
Likud (1988-1992)
Spouse(s) Aliza Arnold (1939–82)
Children Ze'ev Binyamin
Alma mater University of Warsaw
Religion Judaism

Menachem Begin (16 August 1913 – 9 March 1992) was an Israeli politician of Polish-Jewish descent. He was the founder of the Israeli political party Likud. He was the sixth Prime Minister of Israel.

Begin’s most significant act as Prime Minister was to sign the Egypt–Israel Peace Treaty. For that treaty, Begin and Anwar Sadat shared the Nobel Peace Prize.

Begin resigned as Prime Minister in October 1983. He died on 9 March 1992 after a heart attack. He was buried on the Mount of Olives.[1]

In 1941 he joined the Free Polish army. Because of this he arrived in Mandatory Palestine in 1942.

In 1942, Begin joined the Irgun, a Zionist-Jewish paramilitary organisation, which was labelled as a terrorist organization in the 1940s.[2] From 1943 to 1948 he was commander of the Irgun.

References[change | change source]

  1. Sedan, Gil (10 March 1992). "Menachem Begin is Laid to Rest in Simple Mount of Olives Ceremony". Jewish Telegraphic Agency. Retrieved 31 Decemer 2014.  Check date values in: |accessdate= (help)
  2. Irgun-Zvai-Leumi, Encyclopædia Britannica