|6th Prime Minister of Israel|
21 June 1977 – 10 October 1983
|Preceded by||Yitzhak Rabin|
|Succeeded by||Yitzhak Shamir|
|Minister of Defense|
28 May 1980 – 5 August 1981
|Preceded by||Ezer Weizman|
|Succeeded by||Ariel Sharon|
14 February 1983 – 23 February 1983
|Preceded by||Ariel Sharon|
|Succeeded by||Moshe Arens|
|Born||16 August 1913|
Brest, Russian Empire
|Died||9 March 1992 (aged 78)|
Tel Aviv, Israel
|Political party||Herut (1948-1988)|
|Spouse(s)||Aliza Arnold (1939–82)|
|Alma mater||University of Warsaw|
Menachem Begin (16 August 1913 – 9 March 1992) was an Israeli politician. Originally a Zionist activist in Eastern Europe, he later became Prime Minister of Israel.
In 1941 he joined the Free Polish army. This is how he arrived in Mandatory Palestine in 1942.
Begin’s most significant acts as Prime Minister include officially declaring Jerusalem the capital of Israel, imposing Israeli law on the Golan Heights, destroying Saddam Hussein's nuclear reactor in Iraq, controversially leading Israel through the early stages of the 1982 Lebanon War, and most famously, signing the Egypt–Israel Peace Treaty. For that treaty, Begin and Anwar Sadat shared the Nobel Peace Prize.
References[change | change source]
- Irgun-Zvai-Leumi, Encyclopædia Britannica
- Sedan, Gil (10 March 1992). "Menachem Begin is Laid to Rest in Simple Mount of Olives Ceremony". Jewish Telegraphic Agency. Archived from the original on 18 May 2013. Retrieved 31 December 2014.