|7th Prime Minister of Israel|
October 20, 1986 – July 13, 1992
|Preceded by||Shimon Peres|
|Succeeded by||Yitzhak Rabin|
October 10, 1983 – September 13, 1984
|Preceded by||Menachem Begin|
|Succeeded by||Shimon Peres|
October 22, 1915
Ruzhinoy, Russian Empire
|Died||June 30, 2012 (aged 96)|
Tel Aviv, Israel
(m. 1944–2011; her death)
Yitzhak Shamir (born Icchak Jaziernicky; 15 October 1915 - 30 June 2012) was a Polish born Israeli politician and the seventh Prime Minister of Israel, serving two terms, 1983–84 and 1986–92.
He was born in Ruzhinoy (nowadays in Belarus), in the Russian Empire in 1915. In 1935, Shamir went to Palestine, where he worked in an accountant’s office. Before the establishment of the State of Israel, Shamir in the 1930s and 1940s was a member of the Zionist paramilitary organization Irgun, and then a commander of the more militant Lehi.
After the establishment of the State of Israel, Yitzhak Shamir worked for Israel's security service, the Mossad from 1955 to 1965. He joined the Herut political party in 1969. He was elected to Israel's parliament, the Knesset, in 1973 as a member of political party Likud. He was the Prime Minister of Israel from 1983 to 1984 and from 1986 to 1992. He was the country’s second longest-serving prime minister after David Ben-Gurion.
He died of Alzheimer's disease in Tel Aviv, Israel in 2012 and was buried in Mount Herzl in Jerusalem.
References[change | change source]
- ↑ 1.0 1.1 1.2 Lis, Jonathan; Staff, Haaretz (June 30, 2012). "Former Israeli Prime Minister Yitzhak Shamir Dies at 96" – via Haaretz.
- 1915 births
- 2012 deaths
- Belarusian Jews
- Burials at Mount Herzl
- Deaths from Alzheimer's disease
- Members of the Knesset
- Government ministers of Israel
- Israeli political leaders
- Israeli nationalists
- Israeli opposition leaders
- Jewish Israeli politicians
- Knesset speakers
- Likud politicians
- Naturalized citizens of Israel
- Polish Jews
- Prime Ministers of Israel
- Alternate Prime Ministers of Israel