Nobel prize medal.svg

Lester B. Pearson

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Lester Bowles Pearson

Lester B. Pearson with a pencil.jpg
Lester B. Pearson, 1944
14th Prime Minister of Canada
In office
April 22, 1963 – April 20, 1968
MonarchElizabeth II
Preceded byJohn Diefenbaker
Succeeded byPierre Trudeau
Member of the Canadian Parliament
for Algoma East
In office
October 25, 1948 – April 23, 1968
Preceded byThomas Farquhar
Succeeded byNone (district abolished)
Personal details
Born(1897 -04-23)April 23, 1897
Newtonbrook, Toronto, Ontario
DiedDecember 27, 1972(1972-12-27) (aged 75)
Ottawa, Ontario
Political partyLiberal
Spouse(s)Maryon Pearson
ChildrenGeoffrey, Patricia
Alma materMA (Oxon) BA (Oxon) BA (Tor)
ProfessionSoldier, Diplomat, Academic
AwardsNobel Peace Prize (1957)

Lester Bowles "Mike" Pearson, PC, OM, CC, OBE (April 23, 1897 – December 27, 1972) was the 14th Prime Minister of Canada from 1963 to 1968. He won the Nobel Peace Prize in 1957 for organizing the first peacekeeping force.

As Prime Minister, Pearson's government created universal health care and the Canada Pension Plan. He also changed the flag of Canada.

Early Life[change | change source]

Pearson was born in Newtonbrook, Ontario, the son of Edwin Arthur Pearson, a Methodist minister and Anne Sarah Bowles. He went to the University of Toronto and Oxford University. Pearson was ambassador to the United States and the United Nations. He played for the Oxford University Ice Hockey Club while on a scholarship at Oxford University.

Political Career[change | change source]

Pearson entered politics in 1948, as Minister of External Affairs in the Liberal government of Louis St. Laurent. He became leader of the Liberal Party in 1958. He lost two elections as leader, until winning a third to become Prime Minister in 1963. His government brought in social programs and new standards for workers. Pearson signed the Canada-United States Automotive Agreement, also called the Auto Pact. He retired in 1968. The next Prime Minister was Pierre Trudeau.

Death[change | change source]

Pearson died from liver cancer in Ottawa, Canada, aged 75.

Other websites[change | change source]

Media related to Lester B. Pearson at Wikimedia Commons