Ottawa

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Ottawa
City (single-tier)
City of Ottawa
Ville d'Ottawa
Centre Block on Parliament Hill, the National War Memorial in downtown Ottawa, the National Gallery of Canada, and the Rideau Canal with Château Laurier.
Flag of Ottawa
Flag
Coat of arms of Ottawa
Coat of arms
Official logo of Ottawa
Logo
Nickname(s):
Motto: "Advance-Ottawa-En Avant"
Written in the two official languages.[2]
Location of Ottawa in the Province of Ontario
Location of Ottawa in the Province of Ontario
Ottawa is located in Ontario
Ottawa
Ottawa
Ottawa is located in Canada
Ottawa
Ottawa
Ottawa is located in North America
Ottawa
Ottawa
Location in Ontario, Canada & North America
Coordinates: 45°25′N 75°41′W / 45.417°N 75.683°W / 45.417; -75.683Coordinates: 45°25′N 75°41′W / 45.417°N 75.683°W / 45.417; -75.683
Country Canada
Province Ontario
Region National Capital Region
Established 1826 as Bytown[3]
Incorporated 1855 as City of Ottawa[3]
Amalgamated 1 January 2001
Government
 • Mayor Jim Watson
 • City Council Ottawa City Council
 • MPs
 • MPPs
Area[4][5][6]
 • City (single-tier) 2,778.13 km2 (1,072.9 sq mi)
 • Urban 501.92 km2 (193.79 sq mi)
 • Metro 5,716.00 km2 (2,206.96 sq mi)
Elevation 70 m (230 ft)
Population (2016)[4][6]
 • City (single-tier) 934,243 (4th)
 • Density 334.8/km2 (867/sq mi)
 • Urban 933,596
 • Urban density 1,860.1/km2 (4,818/sq mi)
 • Metro 1,323,783 (5th)
 • Metro density 196.6/km2 (509/sq mi)
 • Demonym[7][8] Ottawan
Time zone Eastern (EST) (UTC−5)
 • Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
Postal code span K1A-K4A[2]
Area code(s) 613, 343
GDP US$ 58.2 billion[9]
GDP per capita US$44,149[9]
Website www.ottawa.ca

Ottawa is the capital of Canada and is part of the province of Ontario. It is south of the Ottawa River. In 2004, there were about 808,391 people in the city. The region has about 1,146,790 people. The mayor of the city today (since December 2010) is Jim Watson. Ottawa is in the Ottawa Valley on the border with the province of Quebec. Ottawa is the fourth largest city in Canada.

When people talk about Ottawa, they are sometimes using the name as an eponym meaning the highest government in Canada, and not its local government or the city.

The cities of Ottawa, Kanata, Nepean, Gloucester and Vanier and the villages of Manotick and Rockcliffe Park joined in the year 2000 to form the new city of Ottawa. Ottawa also includes Orléans, which joined at that same time.

The city began with the name Bytown and became the city of Ottawa in 1855. The Rideau Canal ends in Ottawa.

Ottawa has many museums, many buildings for the government of Canada and many parks. There is a market area downtown.

There are many festivals during the year including Winterlude in February, The Tulip Festival in May, and BluesFest in the summer. There is also a large celebration on July 1st for Canada Day.

The Ottawa Senators play ice hockey in an arena called The Canadian Tire Centre.

There are lots of tulips in Ottawa in May.

Climate[change | change source]

Precipitation[change | change source]

The average yearly precipitation in Ottawa is 943 millimetres.

2017 will be a record year in Ottawa because it already had a precipitation of 1,213 millimetres during the first ten months of the year. The old record was in 1972, when the precipitation was 1,174 millimetres. [10]

References[change | change source]

  1. Encyclopædia Britannica, Inc (2014). Britannica Student Encyclopedia. Encyclopædia Britannica, Inc. p. 8. ISBN 978-1-62513-172-0. 
  2. 2.0 2.1 Art Montague (2008). "Ottawa Book of Everything" (PDF). MacIntyre Purcell Publishing. Retrieved 14 July 2011. 
  3. 3.0 3.1 Justin D. Edwards; Douglas Ivison (2005). Downtown Canada: Writing Canadian Cities. University of Toronto Press. p. 35. ISBN 978-0-8020-8668-6. 
  4. 4.0 4.1 "Population and dwelling counts, for Canada and census subdivisions (municipalities), 2006 and 2011 censuses – 100% data". Statistics Canada. Retrieved 10 February 2010. 
  5. "Population and dwelling counts, for Canada, provinces and territories, and urban areas, 2006 and 2001 censuses – 100% data". Statistics Canada. 5 November 2008. Retrieved 23 September 2011. 
  6. 6.0 6.1 "Population and dwelling counts, for census metropolitan areas, 2006 and 2011 censuses – 100% data". Statistics Canada. 5 November 2008. Retrieved 23 September 2011. 
  7. "City of Ottawa – Design C". Ottawa.ca. 20 May 2010. Retrieved 26 October 2011. 
  8. "Rapport au / Report to:". Ottawa.ca. 2011. Retrieved 26 October 2011. 
  9. 9.0 9.1 "Global city GDP 2014". Brookings Institution. Retrieved 18 November 2014. 
  10. "Ottawa shatters annual rainfall record". CBC News. Retrieved November 10, 2017.