Liberal Party of Canada

From Simple English Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Liberal Party of Canada
Parti libéral du Canada
LeaderJustin Trudeau
PresidentSuzanne Cowan
Deputy LeaderRalph Goodale
FounderGeorge Brown
Founded1867; 157 years ago (1867)
Preceded byClear Grits,
Parti rouge
HeadquartersConstitution Square, Ottawa, Ontario
Youth wingYoung Liberals of Canada
Social liberalism[1][2][3][4]
Political positionCentre[5][6] to centre-left[7][8]
International affiliationLiberal International[9]
Colours  Red
Party members in the Senate[note 1]
9 / 105
Seats in the House of Commons
157 / 338

The Liberal Party of Canada (French: Parti libéral du Canada) is a political party in Canada. The party is considered to be centre to centre-left. The party was the Official Opposition after it lost the 2006 election, until the NDP became the Official Opposition in 2011. They won the election in 2015.

The current party leader is the Canadian Prime Minister Justin Trudeau.

Provincial and territorial parties[change | change source]

Every provinces and one territory in Canada have its own Liberal Party. However, only the parties in New Brunswick, Newfoundland and Labrador, Nova Scotia, and Prince Edward Island are part of the federal Liberal Party. Some of the other provincial parties might have very similar political ideologies but they are different political parties. These parties might have different members and different funding.[11]

Affiliated provincial parties, current seats, and leaders
Party Seats/Total Leader Status
New Brunswick Liberal Association
21 / 49
Kevin Vickers Official Opposition
Liberal Party of Newfoundland and Labrador
20 / 40
Dwight Ball Minority government
Nova Scotia Liberal Party
27 / 51
Stephen McNeil Majority government
Prince Edward Island Liberal Party
6 / 27
Robert Mitchell Third Party

Notes[change | change source]

  1. All Liberal senators were expelled from the party's parliamentary caucus in 2014. Remaining senators appointed by Liberal prime ministers sit as the Senate Liberal Caucus, which is not affiliated to or recognized by the Liberal Party.[10]

References[change | change source]

  1. The party became infused with social liberalism in the 1940s and 1950s. Law Commission of Canada (2011). Law and Citizenship. UBC Press. p. 6. ISBN 9780774840798.
  2. Susan Prentice, "Manitoba's childcare regime: Social liberalism in flux". Canadian Journal of Sociology 29.2 (2004): 193-207.
  3. Michael J. Prince, "Canadian disability activism and political ideas: In and between neo-liberalism and social liberalism". Canadian Journal of Disability Studies 1.1 (2012): 1-34.
  4. Smith, Miriam (2005). "Social Movements and Judicial Empowerment: Courts, Public Policy, and Lesbian and Gay Organizing in Canada". Politics & Society. 33 (2): 327–353. doi:10.1177/0032329205275193. S2CID 154613468.
  5. Amanda Bittner; Royce Koop (1 March 2013). Parties, Elections, and the Future of Canadian Politics. UBC Press. pp. 300–. ISBN 978-0-7748-2411-8.
  6. Andrea Olive (2015). The Canadian Environment in Political Context. University of Toronto Press. p. 55. ISBN 978-1-4426-0871-9.
  7. David Rayside (2011). Faith, Politics, and Sexual Diversity in Canada and the United States. UBC Press. p. 22. ISBN 978-0-7748-2011-0.
  8. Richard Collin; Pamela L. Martin (2012). An Introduction to World Politics: Conflict and Consensus on a Small Planet. Rowman & Littlefield. p. 138. ISBN 978-1-4422-1803-1.
  9. "Liberal Party of Canada Welcomes Liberal International to 2009 Convention". Liberal Party of Canada. March 6, 2009. Archived from the original on August 5, 2012. Retrieved 2012-08-28.
  10. Spencer, Christina (29 January 2014). "Justin Trudeau kicks all 32 Liberal senators out of caucus in bid for reform". National Post. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
  11. Dyck, Rand (2012). Canadian Politics: Concise Fifth Edition. Nelson Education. pp. 217, 229. ISBN 978-0176503437.

Other websites[change | change source]